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US Naval Institute Proceedings - December 1981

Front Cover, U. S. Naval Institute	Proceedings, Volume 107/12/946, December 1981.

Front Cover, U. S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Volume 107/12/946, December 1981. GGA Image ID # 1d0a3e256c

On the Front Cover

Forty years after the Japanese struck at Pearl Harbor, the memorial to the USS Arizona stands as a vivid reminder of the December morning when carriers replaced battleships as the preeminent naval vessels. Bill Powers's pictorial, beginning on page 52, offers further views of Pearl Harbor today.


*Nur. 8345
34 Armed Confrontation Builds i
By Lieutenant Commander Jonathan aps in, NR
South Africa is in a vital strategic position, but it faces the strong possibility of racial war.
The Unruly History of th By Charles F. Lehman
New inland navigational rules will end situations requiring mariners to deal with more than one set of rules.
46 I World War II
By Susan . Godson
In World War II, womanpower supplemented manpower in a Navy at war, paving the way for today's Navy women.
52 Pictorial: Pearl Harbor Today
64 The Role of Selective Service By John Turllnto
When the military draft ended in 1973, Selective Service went fhto "deep standby," but it's now making a comeback.
70 The Soviet Merchant Fleet Wins By Losing By Captain J. W. Clark
Rate-cutting is a method by which grocery stores get business, and it works well also for the Soviet merchant fleet.
75 Communicating with the Silent Service By Captain Robert J. Carlin, USN (Ret.)
Submariners are traditionally the most tight-lipped of Navymen, but even they must talk in order to operate.
79 Energy: Essential Element of National Security By Rear Admiral Frank C. Collins, USN
OPEC's current high oil prices have made it more and more difficult to operate U. S. weapons of war.
86 The Navy's Energy Future—Cause for Concern By Commander William A. Earner, USN
Because energy is so costly, we will be able to afford fewer ships and planes than we need for the fleet.
Rules of the Rol) 440

Strategic Seabed Minerals and Freedom vi • atio
nd Ru
Secretary's es 7
Comm nd Discussion 10
Bo• of Interest 105
tebook 135
QuArart MT/ Vet bretflora ?Of( 044
USPS NolEpo o
The opinions or assertions in the arg
ti es are the personal ones o the authors and are not to be construed as official. They do not necessarily reflect the views of either the Navy Department or the U. S. Naval Institute. The Proceedings is published monthly by U. S. Naval Institute, Annapolis, MD. 21402. Second-class postage paid at Annapolis, MD. and at additional mailing offices. Memberships, $21.00 one year/Subscriptions, $24.00%ne year U.S.A. Copyright © 1981 U. S. Naval Institute. Copyright is not claimed for editorial material in the public domain. U. S. Naval Institute Proceedings (ISSN 0041-798X)
Old Navy 62
A Fiji Island in the
United States
Nobody asked me, but 96
Can or Cannot Do?
Book Reviews 99
The Hanoi Commitment Canaris
Canadian Airmen and
the First World War
The Lords of Discipline
Professional Notes 108
Battle Group Tactical
oviet View o Sovie Naval Doctrine . . . A0 The Soviet Baltic Fleet ' North to Alaska
The Joint Staff—Career Boost or Bust?
Special limas Feature ...132 "Where Have All the
• arsmen Gone?"

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The GG Archives is the work and passion of two people, Paul Gjenvick, a professional archivist, and Evelyne Gjenvick, a curator. Paul earned a Masters of Archival Studies - a terminal degree from Clayton State University in Georgia, where he studied under renowned archivist Richard Pearce-Moses. Our research into the RMS Laconia and SS Bergensfjord, the ships that brought two members of the Gjønvik family from Norway to the United States in the early 20th century, has helped us design our site for other genealogists. The extent of original materials at the GG Archives can be very beneficial when researching your family's migration from Europe.