Using the GG Archives in Academic Research Papers


Since the year 2000, the Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives has been a valuable resource for academic theses, dissertations, and essays. Our collection of papers covers a wide range of topics, allowing students to find relevant materials for their research. We encourage students to take advantage of our vast collection of images, ephemera, and articles to gain inspiration, review existing works, and enhance their school papers. Our archives are particularly useful for research on immigration, ocean travel/steerage, and World Wars I and II.


Harriet Mckay, Ph.D., "Accommodating the Passenger Interior Design for the Union-Castle Line 1945-1977," Kingston University/National Maritime Museum, 2011.

Referenced: Calendar for July 1900 featuring Richard Norman Shaw staircase, on board the Oceanic, White Star Line, 1899.


Anne Massey, "A Feminine Touch": Gender, Design and the Ocean Liner, Journal for Maritime Research, Vol. 17, No. 2, 2015.

Referenced: White Star Line Services: First Class Accommodations Brochure, 1907.


Katherine Cartwright, "All Aboard for Europe!": American Youth Travel to Europe Between the World Wars, OpenEdition Journals, No. 36,4 | 2018.

Referenced: Vintage Menus-Children Party Menu, Cunard Line RMS Aquitania, 1924. Historical Brochures (Index Page).

About the Author: Katherine Cartwright is a Ph.D. candidate at The College of William & Mary. Her research looks at how American young people engaged in and shaped efforts aimed at cross-cultural understanding and internationalism from World War One through World War Two. She seeks to prioritize children and youth in her research by incorporating their voices and using sources they produced.


Nancy Virginia Martin, "An Analysis of the Dress of North Dakota’s Black Sea Germans 1880-1914," A Thesis submitted to the faculty of San Francisco State University In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree Master of Arts In Family and Consumer Sciences, 2017.

Referenced: The Peasant Costumes of Europe circa 1900, [Norwegian] Bunad.

Rejard Villegas Marfe, "A study on the environmental impact of a fully battery-powered electric waterborne transport along Davao City to IGACOS route: a life cycle assessment," World Maritime University Dissertations, 2020.

Referenced: GG Archives. Displacement Tonnage. Ocean Travel.


Owen Alexander Jennings, "Becoming Connected: Remoteness and Identity on Saint Helena," A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of Arts, in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Masters of Arts in Island Studies at University of Prince Edward Island, 2018.

Referenced: Track Chart of the Union-Castle Line Steamships.


Paul Thomas van de Laar, "Bremen, Liverpool, Marseille and Rotterdam: Port Cities, Migration and the Transformation of Urban Space in the Long Nineteenth Century," Journal of Migration History 2 (2026) 275-306.

Referenced: Immigration Archives – Emigration from Rotterdam to the United States – 1903.


Tamson Pietsch, "Commercial Travel and College Culture: The 1920s Transatlantic Student Market and the Foundations of Mass Tourism," Diplomatic History, Vol. 43, No. 1, 2019, pp 83-106.

Referenced: What To Know About Ocean Travel (International Mercantile Marine Company, 1924).


Theresa Ventura (Concordia University), "Consider the Coconut: Scientific Agriculture and the Racialization of Risk in the American Colonial Philippines," Journal of Transnational American Studies, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2022.

Referenced: Epicurean Vintage Ads for Troco Oleomargarine.


Nathan Patrick, "Crafting of an American Dream: The Skansie Shipbuilding Company," UW Tacoma History Undergraduate Theses, 2018.

Referenced: Front cover of passenger list, CGT French Line, La Bretagne, 1887.


Damian P. Skwierczynski, et al, "Cruise Ships: Influencing the City of Venice," Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Interactive Qualifying Projects, January 2010.

Referenced: S.S. Prinzessin Victoria Luise (1900) - Photographs - 1908 - Hamburg American Line.


Raul Ibañez (University of Zaragoza), "Emigration from Teruel, Spain, to California in the Early Twentieth Century," Southern California Quaterly, November 2021.

Referenced: Large collection of immigration related files.


Torsten Homberger, "Fashioning German Fascism: Constructing the Image of Hitler’s Storm Troopers, 1924‐1933," A Dissertation Submitted in Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for the Degree Of: Doctor of Philosophy Washington State University Department of History, May 2014.

Referenced: British King George V with leading British and French Officers in 1918. Note the riding pants, and the French officer caps in the same shape as the SA cap. Some of the French officers wear fabric gaiters; others wear leather gaiters.


Max Quanchi, “Fijian Islanders preparing for a feast” (1959): The Influence of Photography on Popular Opinions of the Pacific, Pacific Arts: The Journal of the Pacific Arts Association, Vol. 21, No. 1, 2021.

Referenced: “Calipash is a corruption of carapace, the upper shell of the turtle; but it is used to signify only the green fat or gelatinous matter which adheres to the upper shell, while calipee is the name given to the yellow fat or gelatin which is attached to the under shell.” Definitions from “Calipee and Calipash––Defined,” Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives


Bill Hughes, "Impairment on the move: the disabled incomer and other invalidating intersections," Disability and Society, vol. 32, no. 4, 2017, pp. 467-482.

Referenced: McLAUGHLIN, A (1905) How immigrants are inspected at Ellis Island circa 1903, The Popular Science Monthly, 66: 357-361


Mary Sutherland, "James Sutherland Music Man," Music Trade Review, 1915. Genealogy Ensemble, Ontario Genealogy.

Referenced: Allen Line Daily Menu Card second class June 9, 1906.


JGSCV, Gjenvick-Gjonvik Archives offers an article worth reading before JGSCV’s September 10th meeting: "How Immigrants Are Inspected at Ellis Island circa 1903," Venturing Into Our Past: The Newsletter of the Jewish Genealogical Society of the Conejo Valley and Ventura County, Vol. 12, No. 12, September 2017.


Aaron Ziegel, "National Service and Operatic Ambitions: Arthur Nevin’s Musical Activities during World War I," Case Study, Towson University.

Referenced: Data come from “Camp Grant,” Gjenvick- Gjønvik Archives, accessed 21 April 2016, and Camp Grant, Rockford, Illinois: Being a Pictorial History of the Miracle of the Illinois Cantonment (Rockford, IL: Photo Post Card Co., 1917).

About the Author: Aaron Ziegel is an assistant professor of music history and culture at Towson University, where he teaches courses in American music, Western music history, writing about music, and opera studies. His research and publications explore topics ranging from the now little known composition and production of operas by American composers during the 1910s to popular songwriter Vernon Duke and the film music of Georges Auric and Philip Glass. He has presented at an-nual national meetings of the American Musicological Society, the Society for American Music, the Nineteenth Century Studies Association, and the National Opera Association, while his articles and reviews have appeared in the Opera Journal, Music Research Forum, American Music Review, Nineteenth-Century Con-texts, Engaging Students: Essays in Music Pedagogy, and the Journal of the Society for American Music.


Ann-Catrine Edlund, T. G. Ashplant, Anna Kuismin (eds.), "Reading and Writing from Below: Exploring the Margins of Modernity," Northern Studies Monographs 4, Vardagligt skriftbruk 4, Published by Umeå University and Royal Skyttean Society, Umeå 2016.

Referenced: The Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives. “Polish and Slovak women.” [1904?], The Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives. "A Scotch family of seven daughters and four sons" [1906?], The Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives. “Roumanian shepherd’s family as they appeared on landing in New York.” [1904?], and Immigrant inspection card, Liverpool to New York – Cunard R.M.S. Lusitania 1910.


ENS Sarah R. Clark, USN, "Removed From the Cockpit: The Pilot Identity Crisis and the Rise of Uncrewed Aircraft in Naval Aviation," Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, California, Thesis, June 2022.

Referenced: S.G.W. Benjamin, “Evolution of the Ocean Steamship,” Gjenwick-Gjonvik Archives.


Frances Augusta Ramos Verbruggen, "Representations of Immigrants in Young Adult Literature," A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of Doctor of Education in Educational Leadership: Curriculum and Instruction, Portland State University, 2018.

Referenced: Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives. (2018a). Steerage class - conditions - A report of the Immigration Commission – 1911, and Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives. (2018b). The Cotterill Report on Steerage Conditions. – 1913.


Annaiz Araiza, et al, "Roegiers Family Farm: A Porción of Edinburg," A report prepared for The Roegiers Family and for UTRGV and the CHAPS Program class titled: Discovering the Rio Grande Valley: The Natural and Cultural History of South Texas, Published by CHAPS Program at The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley Edinburg, TX, 2017.

Referenced: The Red Star Line’s port at Antwerp was 41 miles away from Camiel’s hometown of Waerschoot, Glenvick Gjonvik Archives.


Alex Hoffman, "Securing the Right to Work: The History and Future of Job Guarantees," Undergraduate Honors Thesis, Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke University, December 9, 2022.

Referenced: Gjenvick Archives. (2000). WPA Employment. WPA Form 402: Reassignment Slips.


Blaine J. Branchik, "Ship Ahoy: A History of Maritime Passenger Industry Marketing," School of Business, Quinnipiac University, Hamden, Connecticut, USA, CHARM 2011 Proceedings.

Referenced: Primary data focused on advertisements, price lists and other promotional materials found at maritime archives, the Ad*Access database at the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History at Duke University, and the Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives.


Janos Jalics, “Ships, Vol. 2” Beyond Transport, Combat and Tourism: A Study into Ships on Postcards, Student Projects from the Archives: Vol. 2 , Article 4, The University of Akron, October 2019.

Referenced: S.S. Harding Passenger lists”. Gjenvick-Gjonvick Archives.


Blaine Branchik, "Staying afloat: A history of maritime passenger industry marketing," Department of Marketing and Advertising, Quinnipiac University, Hamden, Connecticut, USA, JHRM, Vol. 6, No. 2, 20 August 2013.

Referenced: Primary data focused on advertisements, price lists, and promotional materials found at the Seaport Museum of the Museum of the City of New York, online maritime archives such as the Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives, Cunard Line (1912), “The Cunard new twin-screw steamers R.M.S. Franconia and Laconia (1912)”, Transcription of original brochure, Eastward Passage Ticket (1907), Eastward Passage Ticket, Allan Line, 1907, Boston to Londonderry, Image, Hamburg American (1904), “Steamship ticket, immigrant family - 1904 - Hamburg American Line”, Hamburg-Amerika Linie (1938), “In the third class to North America,” Lamport and Holt Line (1927), Tourist 3rd Cabin to South America, and United States Lines (1920s), – date unspecified, “Image, third class passage to Europe.”


Taylor Simpson-Wood, "The Compromised Cargo Container: Terror in a
," 15 Florida Coastal Law Review (2013), Barry University School of Law.

Referenced: The Ocean Ferry Reporter Tells of Stowaways He Has Seen, GJENVICK Stowaways on Steamships, November 1928.


David T. Roth, "The Efficiency of Bacterial Vaccines on Mortality during the ‘Spanish’ Influenza Pandemic of 1918–19," Social History Of Medicine Vol. 36, No. 2, 2023, pp. 219–234.

Referenced: lenvick- Gjonvik Archives, ‘Cutter Laboratory’s Mixed Vaccine for Influenza Pandemic – 1919’


Diego Battiston, "The Persistent Effects of Brief Interactions: Evidence from Immigrant Ships," Stockholm University, CEP - London School of Economics, 2018. Munich Personal RePEc Archive (MPRA) Paper No. 97151.

Referenced: Special thanks also to Patricia MacFarlane and the Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives for sharing genealogical information from their archives.


Jouni Korkiasaari, Tytti-Maaria Laine, and Mika Harju-Seppänen, "To the Land of the Gilded Streets Emigrants’ Journey from Finland through Great Britain to North America During the Era of Mass Migration," Siirtolaisuusinstituutti Migrationsinstitutet (Institute of Migration), This publication is based on the exhibition “To the Land of the Gilded Streets – Transmigration of Finns through Great Britain to North America” (2014) by the Institute of Migration, Painosalama Oy, Turku 2015, ISBN 978-952-5889-99-4 (digital).

Referenced: As Other Sources [Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives].


Cynthia Brandimarte, "Women on the Home Front: Hostess Houses during World War I," © 2008 by The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum, Inc., J Winterthur Portfolio, Vol. 42, No. 4, 2008.

Referenced: Robert H. Moulton, ‘‘Women DesignHostess Houses for Army Camps,’’ August 23, 1918,

About the Author: Cynthia Brandimarte established the graduate Public History Program at Texas State University and now directs the Historic Sites Program with Texas State Parks (Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Austin, Texas). She is the author of Inside Texas: Culture, Identity, and Houses, 1878–1920 (FortWorth: Texas ChristianUniversity Press, 1991) and numerous articles on American material culture.


Last Updated: May 2024


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