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Emigration From Countries World Wide

Steerage FULL Notice from 1892

White Star Line Memo Notifying Agents that Steerage is Filled to Capacity dated 13 April 1892.

To fully understand immigration, we also need to look at the causes and conditions that caused people to emigrate from their homelands to North America (Canada and the United States). Historical articles from the latter half of the nineteenth century and early twentieth-century help to provide insight into our immigration issues.

The Government Medical Inspector's Office at Liverpool.

Emigration from Liverpool - 1850

We now proceed to detail the process of emigration, beginning with the arrival of the emigrants at Liverpool, the great port of intercourse with the United States. In the annexed illustrations, our Artists have portrayed the principal incidents that occur in port—from arrival of family to their final departure from the Mersey.

The Government Medical Inspector's Office at Liverpool.

Emigration from Liverpool in 1859

The total number of passengers, "under the act," who have taken their departure from the Mersey during the twelve months just elapsed have numbered (inclusive of cabin passengers) 68,035, against 70,486 in 1858, being a decrease of 2,441.

First Page - Provisional Immigration Law of Norway - 1867

Provisional Emigration Law of Norway - Provisorist Anordning 1867

A provisional order of 6 April 1867, and a corresponding law of 22 May 1869, stipulated, among other things, that those who recruited and transported emigrants should draw up a written contract with each individual.

Immigrants Landing at Castle Garden in 1880,

Who Should Emigrate to Canada and the United States (1883)

My own view is that, comparing the two countries (Canada and the United States), there is a better and quicker return for the same amount of capital or labor in the States than is possible in the majority of cases in Canada.

Greenwood, Thomas, Chapter XXVII: "Who Should Emigrate," in A Tour in the States & Canada. Out and Home in Six Weeks, London: L. Upcott Gill, 1883.

Emigration for Ladies. Clipping from The Bazaar, The Exchange and Mart, 26 October 1883.

Emigration for Ladies - 1883

The Women's Emigration Society, 13, Dorset-street, Portman Square, W., has for its object to enable women of all classes to obtain remunerative employment in the colonies, and to afford them the means of emigrating.


  • Emigration of Women from Great Britain in 1888
    If emigration offers channels through which women may not only obtain for themselves the reasonable possession of such things as make life worth living, but also greatly improve the status of those who remain in the old country, it opens a double door of prosperity.
Russian Immigrants en Route to Hamburg.

In The Paths of Immigration to America - 1902

Cholera did not obtain a hold among us at the time, nor afterward, but we can all very well recollect how general was the fear of it; ever since then the business of transporting this class of travel has been allowed to continue only under the strictest oversight by the health authorities in this country and abroad.


  • Emigration from Rotterdam to the United States circa 1903
    The Holland-America Line, a steamship company with passenger and freight steamers plying between Rotterdam and New York, is the only steamship line carrying emigrants from the Netherlands to the United States of America.
  • Emigration to the United States via Hamburg, Germany circa 1903
    Emigrants of the A class, upon their arrival in Hamburg, are confined to the said Hamburg America Line's own emigrants' barracks on the Veddel, a suburb of the city of Hamburg.  These barracks are under the supervision of the Hamburg police department, having a resident police inspector, and are divided into two sections, "dirty" and the "Clean" sections.  Upon leaving the train they are placed in the "dirty" section until they have passed examination by the official emigrants' surgeon of the Hamburg State government. This surgeon makes his examination every morning, and each and every emigrant is carefully examined undressed.
  • Immigration to the US: Considering The Causes Of Emigration - 1904
    Dr. Allan McLaughlin, of the Bureau of Public Health and Marine Hospital Service, of the Treasury Department, has contributed to THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY several articles on 'Immigration,' which have been of much interest to readers and have been highly commended by experts. We are pleased to state that Dr. McLaughlin has consented to continue this series of articles, covering in a systematic way the whole problem of immigration.
  • Italy's Attitude Toward Her Emigrants - 1905
    The law merely proposes to solve a problem that is forced explicitly upon the Italian Government, t. e., the issue of ensuring the most efficient protection to the emigrant against all possible wrongs and abuses.
  • How Immigration Is Stimulated -1906
    As the stately Cunard steamer Ivernia, one bright morning in early March, made her way slowly up the harbor toward the famous old Charlestown dockyards at Boston, the most indifferent observer could not have failed to note a remarkable transformation in her appearance.
  • The Human Side of Immigration - Italian Emigration to America - 1906
    The study of race migrations has gone far enough to bring out the dominant fact that economic causes are at the heart of these movements. Adventure has played its part, and war (with plunder for its aim) a still greater part, but plunder was the economics of the barbarian, while the lode-star guiding the world's most romantic adventure was the glitter of precious metals. It is even a little chilling to learn how the most gallant of these explorers did not for a moment forget that they were out for "the dust of the gods."
  • Emigrants leaving Europe by way of Rotterdam, 1908
    Emigration, as will be readily understood, is most closely connected with the economical state of European countries and of the countries to which the emigrants are going.
  • Emigration from the German Ports of Hamburg and Bremen (1911)
    History of Emigration from the German Ports of Hamburg and Bremen with a discussion of how the two major steamship companies competed with one another for the immigrant trade.
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