February 1962 Proceedings Magazine: United States Naval Institute

February 1962 Proceedings Magazine: United States Naval Institute

Proceedings Highland Light, the Naval Academy's powerful ocean-racing cutter, on the port tack in Chesapeake Bay. Painting by William

February, 1962


A "Wet" Navy and a "Dry" Navy? 19

By Capt. W. C. Fortune, USN

New Weapons with NATO Nameplates 26

By Cdr. George Cornelius, USN

Tarawa: The Tide that Failed 38

By Patrick L. McKiernan

The Atom, the Navy, and Limited War 50

By Capt. George L. Raring, USN

Shoreside Checkout for Seagoing Destroyer Officers 58

By Lt. H. H. Sacks, USN

Navy's "In-House" Research Laboratories . . . . 68

By Capt. C. 0. Holmquist, USN, and R. S. Greenbaum

Flags of Convenience: Maritime Dilemma . . 76

By Capt. Ira Dye, USN

Sailors in the Navy (Pictorial)

Text by Alfred F. Loomis. Photographs by Robert deGast


Comment and Discussion 107

Book Reviews 120

Professional Reading 128

Professional Notes 138

The Clipperton Operation 170

Secretary's Notes 173

The U. S. Naval Institute is a private, professional society for all who are interested in naval and maritime affairs. It is a self-supporting, non-profit organization and is not a part of the U. S. Navy Department.

The opinions or assertions in the articles are the personal ones of the authors and are not to be construed as official. They do not necessarily reflect the views of either the Navy Department or the United States Naval Institute.

All photographs, unless otherwise credited, are Official Department of Defense releases.

Editorial and Business Offices: Annapolis, Maryland

Published monthly by the United States Naval Institute. Second-clas-s-postage paid at the Post Office of MENASHA, WISCONSIN, and at additional mailing office, under act of August 24, 1912. Acceptance for mailing at the special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized March 13, 1922.

Membership dues for the U. S. Naval Institute (including PROCEEDINGS), $4.00 a year.

Subscription rate $6.00 a year. (Foreign postage, $1.00 extra.) Single copies fifty cents.

Copyright () 1962 by U.S. Naval Institute
For the advancement of professional, literary and scientific knowledge in the Navy

Board of Control


Admiral George W. Anderson, U. S. Navy


Rear Admiral John F. Davidson, U. S. Navy


Commander William M. A. Greene, U. S. Navy


Vice Admiral Robert B. Pirie, U. S. Navy

Vice Admiral James A. Hirshfield, U. S. Coast Guard

Rear Admiral Paul D. Stroop, U. S. Navy Brigadier General B. A. Hochmuth, U. S., Marine Corps

Captain Jack A. Obermeyer, U. S. Navy Captain John S. Schmidt, U. S. Navy

Past Presidents

Admiral David D. Porter 1873

Rear Admiral John L. Worden 1874

Rear Admiral C. R. P. Rodgers 1875-78, 1882-83 Commodore Foxhall A. Parker 1878-79

Rear Admiral John Rodgers 1879-82

Rear Admiral Thornton A. Jenkins 1883-85 Rear Admiral Edward Simpson 1885-87 Rear Admiral Stephen B. Luce 1887-98 Rear Admiral Wm. T. Sampson 1898-1902

Rear Admiral H. C. Taylor 1902-1904 Rear Admiral C. F. Goodrich 1904-1909

Rear Admiral Richard Wainwright 1909-11 Rear Admiral Bradley A. Fiske 1911-23 Vice Admiral William L. Rodgers 1923-24 Admiral Henry B. Wilson 1924-26

Admiral Hilary P. Jones 1926-28

Rear Admiral Edward W. Eberle 1928-29 Admiral S. S. Robison 1929-31

Rear Admiral M. L. Bristol 1931-33

Admiral William H. Standley 1933-35 Admiral David Foote Sellers 1935-37 Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy 1937-40 Admiral H. R. Stark 1940-42

Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz 1942-43, 1946-48 Fleet Admiral E. J. King 1943-46

Admiral Louis E. Denfeld 1948-50 Admiral Robert B. Carney 1950-52,1954-56 Admiral William M. Fechteler 1952-54 Admiral Arleigh A. Burke 1956-59, 1960-61 Admiral Jerauld Wright 1959-60



CDR William M. A. Greene, U. S. Navy


Roger C. Taylor




CWO Earl E. Smith, U. S. Navy (Ret.)

Assistant Editor

CWO Fred Stolley, U. S. Marine Corps (Ret.)

Editorial Assistant Katherine McInnis

Associate Editors

'CAPT Harry B. Hahn, U. S. Navy Prof. C. P. Lemieux, USNA



LCDR Arnold S. Lott, U. S. Navy (Ret.)

Editorial Assistants Dorothy Williams

Joyce Atwood



Frank Uhlig, Jr.


David Q. Scott


H. Gordon Williams


Thomas 0. Woolf & Son, Inc.,

225 Park Ave., New York 17, N. Y.;

266 S. Alexandria Ave., Los Angeles 4, Calif.; 151 Fleet Street, London E.C. 4, England

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