White Star Line Fleet, History, and Services - 1907
Front Cover, 1907 White Star Line Brochure Covering Their Fleet, History, Accommodations, and Services. GGA Image ID # 1239b8c856
Excellent brochure from the White Star Line covering all three classes of services at the height of the transatlantic immigrant trade is profusely illustrated with many photographs of the ships and accommodations.
White Star Line Fleet
- Oceanic II (1899) - Twin-Screw - 17,274 Tons
- Majestic (1887) - Twin-Screw - 10,000 Tons
- Teutonic (1889) - Twin-Screw - 10,000 Tons
- Cretic (1902) - Twin-Screw - 13,507 Tons
- Baltic II (1904) - Twin-Screw - 24,000
- Cedric (1903) - Twin-Screw - 21.000
- Celtic II (1901) - Twin-Screw - 21.000
- Adriatic II (1907) - Twin-Screw - (Building) 24.500
- Arabic - Twin-Screw - 15,801 Tons
- Republic - Twin-Screw - 15,378 Tons
- Canopic - Twin-Screw - 12,096 Tons
- Romanic - Twin-Screw - 11,394 Tons
- Cymric - Twin-Screw- 13.096 Tons.
Cargo and Live Stock Steamers
- Georgic - Twin-Screw - 10,077 Tons
- Cevic - Twin-Screw - 8,301 Tons
- Bovic - Twin-Screw - 6,583 Tons
- Athenic - Twin-Screw - 12,234 Tons
- Corinthic - Twin-Screw - 12,231 Tons
- Ionic - Twin-Screw - 12,234 Tons
- Gothic - Twin-Screw - 7,755 Tons
- Delphic - Twin-Screw - 8,273 Tons
- Afric - Twin-Screw - 11.948 Tons
- Runic - Twin-Screw - 12,482 Tons
- Medic - Twin-Screw - 11,984 Tons
- Suevic - Twin-Screw - 12.500 Tons
- Persic - Twin-Screw - 11,974 Tons
- Cufic - Twin-Screw - 8,200 Tons
- Tropic - Twin-Screw - 8.200 Tons
- Magnetic - Twin-Screw - 619 Tons
- Pontic - Twin-Screw - 395 Tons
White Star Line West End Offices, London. GGA Image ID # 1239cf4b54
Services and Connections
The services and connections of the white star line encircle the globe,
The passenger services of the White Star Line are maintained entirely by Twin-screw steamers, including “Oceanic," “Majestic," and “Teutonic," which are among the fastest steamships in the world, “Baltic," 24,000 tons, "Cedric" and "Celtic," each 21,000 tons, three of the largest British steamers afloat.
"Arabic" and "Republic" are the largest, fastest, and most elegant steamers sailing to Boston.
White Star Line Service
- Liverpool - New York (Passenger and Cargo)
- Liverpool - New York (Cargo and Live Stock)
- Liverpool - Boston (Passenger and Cargo)
- Liverpool - South Africa (Passenger)
- Liverpool - Australia (Passenger And Cargo)
- Liverpool - Australia (Cargo)
- Liverpool - New Zealand (Cargo)
- London - South Africa - New Zealand (Joint Service With Shaw, Savill & Albion Co. Ltd.) (Passenger and Cargo)
- New York - Mediterranean (Passenger and Cargo)
- Boston - Mediterranean (Passenger and Cargo)
RMS Oceanic, Twin-Screw, 17,274 Tons. GGA Image ID # 1239e30f15
Interior View of the Riverside Station at Liverpool. GGA Image ID # 1239eea733
White Star Line Overview
Events have indeed moved rapidly in the history of the WHITE STAR LINE, which, founded no earlier than 1869, now owns 30 steamers (28 are fitted with twin screws), aggregating well over 350,000 tons.
But although this constitutes it one of the largest shipping organizations in the world, there are other features of equal interest connected with the White Star Line which has always attracted the favorable attention of travelers.
As is generally known, the average tonnage per steamer of its fleet is more enormous than that of any other Company; and this superiority is not to be attributed merely to the possession of three of the largest vessels afloat, the " Baltic," 24,000 tons, the " Cedric," and " Celtic " each 21,000 tons, and the famous " Oceanic," 17,274 tons, but to the fact that among the steamers comprising the White Star fleet there are, in addition to these, no fewer than 18 vessels each over 10,000 tons gross register.
Other features to be noted are that all the services of the Line are maintained by twin-screw steamers, built exclusively by the renowned firm of Harland & Wolff, Belfast; and that the Marconi Wireless System of Telegraphy is installed on the New York Passenger Steamers.
First Class Accommodations
The White Star Line, moreover, has always made it a point to be satisfied with nothing less than the highest standard of excellence as regards its arrangements for the comfort of travelers.
That its efforts have been duly appreciated is apparent when we learn that the White Star Line, during the years 1904 and 1905, carried a more significant number of First Class passengers to New York than any other Atlantic Line.
The accompanying illustrations represent a few of the well-known Liners of the fleet, and we take the opportunity to here refer to the principal features likely to interest the traveling public.
It has been seen that the “Oceanic” is 17,274 tons gross register; her great length (704 feet overall), and breadth (68 feet) have allowed arranging passenger accommodation at once spacious, airy, and exceptionally comfortable.
First Class Dining Saloon on the RMS Oceanic Showing Dome. GGA Image ID # 123a5e30a4
The decorations of some of the principal apartments and staircase, designed by the eminent architect, Mr. R. Norman Shaw, R.A., are in every way excellent; indeed the artistic taste displayed throughout has been universally admired.
To begin with, the Library, which, situated on the promenade deck, is 53 feet long by 40 feet wide. A stunning apartment is this. Entering by lofty folding doors of mahogany, the visitor finds himself in a bay or recess -- one of seven grouped around the Library -- the other six forming cozy corners adapted for reading and conversation; at the further end the room is bounded by a graceful curve or alcove, in which the bookcases form the central feature.
First Class Smoking Room, Entrance to Library, and Library on the RMS Oceanic. GGA Image ID # 123a8dc60d
Then the octagonal skylight, with its graceful arches rising to a height of over 12 feet from the floor; and the treatment of the ceiling in broad panels, with scroll ornaments in low relief, gilt upon a white ground; and the dainty decoration of the sliding shutters of the ports -- all these, whilst charming in themselves, are a delightful contrast to the dark mahogany of the tables, bookcases, chairs and seats. Small wonder that the Library on the " Oceanic " is a favorite resort.
The Dining Saloon, which has a length of 80 feet by 64 feet, and will seat 358 persons, possesses in the admirably painted decorations of its dome perhaps the most notable artistic feature in the ship. Nor must the ceiling paneled out in deep coffers, with richly gilt cored moldings in them, pass unnoticed; nor yet again the handsome screen of carved oak, with its panels of glass defended by rows of beautiful candelabra-shaped columns.
The carpets, Khiva pattern, are woven from old examples, and the electric lighting is entirely from above, i.e., from the ceiling panels and from the ribs of the dome.
The Smoking Room is entered through a very handsome doorway and is surmounted by two large domes, the tops of which are wagon-shaped, with a provision to allow the escape of overheated air.
The ceiling of this room is formed of delicately carved and molded ribs, with the members enriched with gold, and the general effect has been greatly assisted by the introduction of a series of oil paintings representing scenes in the life of Columbus. Seats are arranged in a series of bays all around the room, with large settees in the center.
In the staterooms, all that experience can suggest has been done for the comfort and convenience of passengers. Many on the upper decks, where there are suites with bathrooms, are elaborately and luxuriously furnished. There is a large number of single berth rooms, and all are well ventilated, with spacious passages affording facility of access.
The “Majestic” and "Teutonic” are each a replica, on not quite the immense size, of the “Oceanic," and equal that steamer in combined comfort and luxury.
The former has recently been renovated, the Library having been enlarged, and a new dome of handsome design fitted over the First Class Dining Saloon; whilst in addition to an increase in the number of staterooms (including four suites, each comprising bedroom, sitting room, and bathroom, for such as desire specially luxurious accommodation).
The RMS Majestic, Twin-Screw, 10,000 Tons. GGA Image ID # 123a961d6e
The "Majestic" has had her entire passenger accommodation redecorated, painted and upholstered, and furnished in the latest and most approved style. With the " Teutonic," her sister ship, the "Majestic" can justly claim to be one of the most attractive steamers crossing the Atlantic; and both are regularly employed in the mid-weekly service carrying the Mails from Liverpool and New York for the British and United States Governments.
First Class Dining Saloon on the RMS Teutonic Showing Dome. GGA Image ID # 123b542949
The "Baltic," "Cedric," and "Celtic" are three of the largest steamers in the world, the tonnage of the first-named being 24,000, while the "Cedric" and "Celtic" are each 21,000 tons. The “Baltic," moreover, with a length of 725 feet 9 inches, is the longest ship afloat. Each has accommodation for nearly 3,000 passengers, besides quarters for a crew of about 350.
The exceptional steadiness of these steamers at sea, and the general "roominess," owing to their enormous size, have made them most popular with passengers, who have evinced much appreciation of several novel features to be found in them, e.g. -- suites, consisting of bed, sitting and bathrooms -- single berth staterooms, and so forth.
The Dining Saloon on each of these steamers is a splendid apartment. Situated on the upper deck, it extends the full width of the ship, 75 feet; is lofty and airy, and contains seating accommodation for over 300 people. In the center is a beautiful domed skylight, through the stained glass of which a beautiful soft light falls.
First Class Dining Saloon on the RMS Celtic. GGA Image ID # 123bb97993
The ceiling is done in white and gold lincrusta, and the walls are superbly paneled with elaborate figures, and rich carvings and moldings. There is more than the usual space between the tables, and altogether the Dining Saloon is an impressive feature of the ship.
The RMS Cedric and Celtic, Twin-Screw, Each 21,000 Tons. Two of the Largest Vessels in the World. From The Painting by C. M. Padday. GGA Image ID # 123c0567f1
We almost feel inclined to call the Library the Ladies' Room, as everything calculated to conduce to their comfort appears to have been provided' here -- a bookcase containing a well-selected assortment of books -- elegant and completely equipped writing tables, and comfortable settees.
The parquetry floor is covered with a luxurious pile carpet, and the large square windows are fitted with stained glass draw panels and jalousies.
First Class Library on the Cedric and Celtic. GGA Image ID # 123c242b6e
First Class Smoking Room on the Cedric and Celtic. GGA Image ID # 123cab2c3e
First Class Stateroom on the RMS Cedric and Celtic. GGA Image ID # 123cc6d46f
An ideal lounge is the Smoking Room -- at once spacious and luxuriously appointed. The walls are covered with embossed leather in a vibrant and handsome pattern, and the armchairs and settees, similar to those in the “Oceanic," are as cozy and comfortable as could be wished.
Before passing on to a description of the Boston service, some reference may be made to the new steamer “Adriatic," now on the stocks at Belfast. An extraordinary amount of interest has been awakened on both sides of the Atlantic concerning this vessel, which is expected to take her place in the Liverpool and New York Mail and Passenger service early next year.
In some respects the "Adriatic " will resemble the "Baltic," but her tonnage and speed will both be more considerable, while everything that the combined experience and foresight of builders and owners can devise for the comfort of passengers will' be found on this latest monarch of the ocean.
The RMS Baltic, 24,000 Tons. The Longest Vessel in the World. From the Painting by Norman Wilkinson. GGA Image ID # 123ce51014
WE now give some description of the BOSTON SERVICE of the White Star Line, which comprises the largest and fastest vessels in this trade. The new twin-screw steamers “Arabic," '15,800 tons, and “Republic," 15,400 tons, will compare with anything afloat in the beauty and comfort of their passenger accommodation.
The RMS Arabic, Twin-Screw, 15,000 Tons. The Largest and Fastest Steamer in the Boston Trade. GGA Image ID # 123d11a472
The Dining Saloon of the “Arabic," which is on the upper deck forward, and extend the full width of the ship, can seat 250 passengers. The wainscoting design of the room is beneficial and luxurious, being in polished oak and walnut with lincrusta panels, and the decorator's art has succeeded in producing the same sense of cheeriness here as is so distinctive a feature of other White Star interiors.
First Class Smoking Room on the RMS Arabic. GGA Image ID # 123d642eae
First Class Library on the RMS Arabic. GGA Image ID # 123d7fb990
First Class Dining Saloon on the RMS Arabic. GGA Image ID # 123d808061
A stunning room is a Library, a view of which is reproduced. The ceiling and frieze are in cream and gold lincrusta, the sides being of light-colored polished oak, handsomely paneled and relieved with carving.
The floor is of parquetry, covered with vibrant Ax minster runners, and cushy couches and settees abound. The neat Chippendale writing tables commend themselves to penmen and pen women, who will alike be glad to dispatch to their friends one or more of the series of picture postcards, the originals of which were specially painted for the White Star Line by the eminent watercolor artist, Charles Dixon, R.I.
The Smoke Room, too, well merits a few words of description. It is strikingly wainscoted, the panels being in bronzed lincrusta, with dark-colored hardwood reliefs. The ceiling of white and gold has a large skylight surmount the center of the room, which will rank with anything provided afloat for devotees of “My Lady Nicotine."
And the sleeping accommodation is no less luxurious. It will suffice to say that it harmonizes with the staterooms in the premier steamers of the New York Service of the Company.
The RMS Republic, Twin-Screw, 15,400 Tons. GGA Image ID # 123d81fb5a
The heating generally is employing steam pipes, but in all the First Class Staterooms on the promenade and upper promenade decks (which constitute the bulk of the First Class Passenger accommodation), electrical heaters are provided, and these are under the control of the occupant—a distinct advantage.
First Class Dining Saloon on the RMS Republic. GGA Image ID # 123d8ed3ed
Entrance to the First Class Dining Saloon on the RMS Republic. GGA Image ID # 123db0086f
The “Republic," too, calls for more than passing notice. The Dining Saloon is a spacious, well-furnished room, having seating accommodation for no fewer than 200 passengers. The wainscoting of the apartment is in polished hardwoods, light in color, while the upholstery is of creamy texture, and a distinctive feature of the Saloon is its beautiful dome. The woodcarvings, too, add much to its artistic appearance.
First Class Library on the RMS Republic. GGA Image ID # 123e29f5b0
First Class Lounge on the RMS Republic. GGA Image ID # 123e6c41f0
First Class Dining Saloon on the RMS Romanic. GGA Image ID # 123ef4df41
First Class Library on the RMS Romanic. GGA Image ID # 123f30b458
The other public rooms of this beautiful steamer are proportionately spacious and comfortable. The Library calls for special mention; with its well-stocked bookcases and luxurious chairs and settees, it is indeed a veritable " Temple of Rest " to those who seek a quiet nook to con the latest work of a favorite author.
But, however tempting it may be, the old voyager will perhaps say he wishes for nothing cozier than the Smoke Room; nor can the taste of such be impugned, as everything that experience can devise for the smoker's comfort is here apparent.
A notable feature of the steamer is the Lounge, always in high demand in wet weather. Situated on the promenade deck it is peculiarly the ladies' domain, giving place to no other apartment in the cheeriness of its aspect.
The remaining steamers (all of the considerable tonnage and fitted with twin screws) which aid to form the Boston Service, are the “Canopic," Romanic," and “Cymric." The “Arabic," it may be mentioned, holds the record for the fastest passage between Queenstown and Boston, and Boston and Queenstown.
These five steamers with the " Cretic " also help to constitute the new White Star Services from Boston and New York to the Mediterranean, and it may be mentioned that they average 13,600 tons each, and all are thus amongst the largest vessels afloat.
During the winter months, when the volume of passenger traffic is diverted to the South Atlantic, the “Cedric " and " Celtic " are also engaged in the Mediterranean service. The vast size of these famous steamers has been a source of much interest to the inhabitants of the ports at which they touch.
Promenade Deck First Class Stateroom on the RMS Romanic. GGA Image ID # 123f526d89
Second Class Accommodations
THE WHITE STAR LINE recognizes that in this progressive age there is an increasing number of travelers who do not perhaps desire the luxury of the First Class accommodation but wish for the highest fraction of comfort in keeping with a reasonable rate of passage.
Second Class Smoking Room and Dining Saloon on the RMS Oceanic. GGA Image ID # 123fad7224
Second Class Dining Saloon, Library, and Smoking Room on the RMS Cedric and Celtic. GGA Image ID # 123fb49fe6
And so, as a glance at the illustrations will show, the White Star Line fully estimates the importance of maintaining the Second Class accommodation on its steamers at a high standard of excellence; indeed it may fairly be stated that the Second Class quarters nowadays, comprising, as they do, Dining Saloon, Library, and Smoke Room (all spacious and well-ventilated apartments), and State Rooms of cheery aspect, compare favorably with those of the First Class of some ten years ago.
RMS Cymric, Twin-Screw, 13,100 Tons. GGA Image ID # 12402a8a43
It will be noted that this increase of comfort is not confined to one or two favored steamers, but applies to all, in both the New York and Boston Services. While the “Oceanic " and " Celtic " may be taken as types of the senior service, the " Republic " and "Romanic " represent the Boston Service which the White Star Line recently inaugurated with such gratifying results, alike to the Company and the traveling public.
Second Class Stateroom on the RMS Romanic. GGA Image ID # 1240620c46
Second Class Dining Saloon on the RMS Romanic. GGA Image ID # 1240aa473c
Third Class Accommodations
HOWEVER marked the change for the better in the modern First and Second Class passenger accommodation, both these must yield to the Third Class ("Steerage" no longer) in the extraordinary transformation that has taken place in recent years.
Third Class Reading and Dining Rooms. GGA Image ID # 12410d7bac
The democratic age we live in demands strenuous efforts on the part of steamship companies to provide nothing short of the best for Third Class patrons; and it is well known that the White Star Line has from its inception been the forerunner of many improvements, with the result that for years past it has carried the largest number of Third Class passengers from these shores to New York.
A Third Class Four-Berth Room and Smoking Room. GGA Image ID # 1241f12126
In olden days, the accommodation consisted entirely of what might be termed open dormitories, whereas now it includes good separate airy cabins; and the Third Class passenger is better off in most respects than the Intermediate of twenty years ago, while the fare is not more than was paid by his predecessor in the Steerage.
The Dining Room is now what its name signifies, a room specially set apart in which one may dine or partake of food; and not merely a particular space on the ship, which may serve the various purposes of a sleeping apartment, a refectory, or a sitting room. It is now the custom on all White Star steamers for Third Class travelers to be waited on at meals by Stewards, as in the other classes, and this innovation has proved most acceptable to the Company's patrons.
Third Class Six-Berth Room. GGA Image ID # 12420b0734
Third Class Dining Room. GGA Image ID # 12420e6d8a
RMS Canopic, Twin-Screw, 12,100 Tons, Leaving Genoa. GGA Image ID # 124225f051
RMS Cretic, Twin-Screw, 13,600 Tons. GGA Image ID # 12423924d7
The Reading, or Recreation Room, with the luxury of a piano, is a modern concession, which is greatly appreciated, and conduces much to the enjoyment of women and children in this class.
The Smoking Room is a real advantage to the male passenger who, in the majority of cases, even if he does not himself indulge in the use of tobacco, likes the society of lovers of the weed.
Separate Cabins. The introduction of separate cabins, comfortably furnished, is an excellent boon to married couples, and this accommodation is now provided not only for them but also for single men and women.
Third Class Promenade Deck on the RMS Romanic. GGA Image ID # 124279c287
The RMS Cedric, Twin-Screw, 21,000 Tons, At Liverpool Landing Stage. GGA Image ID # 1242869b11
White Star Line Piers in New York. GGA Image ID # 1242c0881d
Advantages of the Liverpool-Queenstown Route
Liverpool is the most central point of landing or embarkation in the British Islands. It is situated about midway between London in the South, and Edinburgh and Glasgow in the North, at a distance of 190 to 220 miles, and communication with each of these critical cities is maintained by services of luxuriously appointed express trains.
London is less than four hours distant. York and other historical cities in the North of England are within easy reach, and the venerable and most interesting city of Chester, with its ancient Cathedral, encircling walls, and numerous Roman antiquities, is only sixteen miles away.
The ancient towns of Shrewsbury, Warwick, Stratford-on-Avon, and Windsor all lie on the routes from Liverpool to London; as also Chatsworth, Haddon Hall, Newstead Abbey, Southwell Minster, Bedford (with the memorials of Bunyan), and St. Albans.
For American travelers making their first visit to the British Islands, and wishful to see some of the beauties of the Emerald Isle, a good plan is to land at Queenstown and proceed through Glengariff to the far-famed Lakes of Killarney, thence through Dublin or Belfast to Liverpool.
By the enterprise of the railway companies, a series of new and high-class hotels have been provided at various points of interest in the southwest of Ireland, adding significantly to the attractions of that beautiful district.
Landing the Mails at Queenstown (Cobh). GGA Image ID # 12430d30ef
Australian & New Zealand Services
A most popular branch of the Line is the Australian Service, by which one class of passengers only is taken. The five twin-screw steamers comprising it are each of 12,000 tons gross register, and thus the largest in the trade dispatched from the United Kingdom. They leave Liverpool every four weeks for Albany, Adelaide, Melbourne, and Sydney, calling at Cape Town on the outward voyage. Homewards they touch at Durban, Cape Town, and Tenerife, landing passengers for the United Kingdom at Plymouth and London.
Reading Room on Australian Steamers. GGA Image ID # 124313ffc1
The passenger accommodation is of a superior description and includes Reading, Smoking and Dining Rooms, and excellent Bathrooms, while the promenade -- but also permits of various games being played during the voyage -- an advantage that is readily availed of.
SS Runic, Twin-Screw, 12,600 Tons. GGA Image ID # 12439cfb54
In conjunction with the Shaw, Savill & Albion Co. Ltd., the White Star Line has a monthly sailing from London to New Zealand, and among the steamers of the latter engaged in this service are three over 12,000 tons -- the largest in the trade. The outward voyage is made via Tenerife, Cape Town, and Tasmania, but homeward the course is via Cape Horn, and Rio de Janeiro and Tenerife are touched at, passengers for the United Kingdom being landed at Plymouth and London.
Smoking Room on Australian Steamers. GGA Image ID # 1243b0de19
In addition to the preceding Passenger Services, the White Star Line dispatches twin-screw Cargo Steamers regularly from Liverpool to New York, Australia, and New Zealand.
RMS Athenic, Corinthic, and Ionic, Twin-Screw, Each 12,250 Tons, The Largest Steamers in the New Zealand Trade. GGA Image ID # 1243d2acc9
White Star Line Office in Liverpool. GGA Image ID # 1243e3a0c2
Information About Brochure
- Date Published: Undated by refers to the Adriatic under construction (1907)
- Published by: White Star Line
- Number of Pages: 41 (Paginated)
- Dimensions: 11.5 x 23.3 cm