What To Know About Ocean Travel - 1924
Front Cover, What to Know About Ocean Travel by W. I. Copeland, Agent. Compliments of International Mercantile Marine Company, February 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e6da4d39d
What to Know About Ocean Travel is the A to Z guide for the frequent transatlantic traveler of 1924, Published for the International Mercantile Marine Company. The brochure covers the American Line, Atlantic Transport Line, Leyland Line, Panama Pacific Line, Red Star Line, White Star Line, White Star-Dominion Line.
Contents (A to Z)
Accommodations, Addresses, Adriatic, Airplane Services, American Line, Amusements, Animals and Birds, Antwerp, Arabic, Atlantic, Atlantic Transport Line, Automobiles,
Baby Carriages, Baltic, Baggage, Barbers, Baths, Belfast, Belgenland, Bicycles, Boarding Houses, Bon Voyage Gifts, Books, Boots and Shoes, Boston, Bugle Calls,
Cabin Ships, Cable Messages, Cabs, Canada, Canopic, Card Room, Chairs, Cedric, Celtic, Channel (English), Cherbourg, Children, Clothes Pressing, Clothing, Cobh (Queenstown), Complaints, Concerts at Sea, Consuls, Couriers, Crowsnest, Cruises, Cruisine, Currencies in Europe, Customs,
Dancing, Danzing, Deck Chairs, Deck Officers, Decks, Devonian, Distances, Divine Services at Sea, Dogs, Doric,
Elevators, Engineers, Exchange, Expense,
Fares to Europe, Fees, Finland, Flags, Flowers (Parcels, etc.), Funds, Funnel Marks,
Games, Genoa, Gibraltar, Gothland, Guide Books, Guides, Gymnasiums,
Hairdressing, Halifas, Hamburg, Havana, Haverford, Homeric, Hotels in Europe, Household Goods, Income Tax Clearance,
Information, Inquiry Office on Steamers, Interpreters,
Landing Arrangements, Languages, Lapland, Laundry, Letters, Telegrams, etc., Leyland Line, Libau, Library, Lights, Lighthouses and Lightships, Liverpool, Lounge,
Majestic, Manchuria, Meals, Medical, Mediterranean, Megantic, Metric System, Minnekahda, Minnetonka, Minnewaska, Money, Mongolia, Montreal, Motion Picture Films, Motorcycles, Music on Shipboard,
Naples, Nautical Measurements, Newspapers, New Zealand (Services to), New Orleans, New York,
Panama Canal, Panama Pacific Line, Parcels, Passports, Pensions, Pets, Perambulators, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Photography, Piers, Play Rooms, Plymouth, Poland, Pools, Porters, Ports, Portland, ME, Postage Stamps, Postcards, Prepaid Ickets, Public Rooms, Purser,
Railroad Travel, Radiograms, Red Star Line, Reservation of Staterooms, Regina, Restaurants, Return Accommodations, Riga, Routes (Transatlantic), Rugs,
St. Lawrence River Route, Samland, San Francisco, Seasickness, Seats at Table (Seating), Second Class, Seasons for Travel, Servants, Ships, Smoking, Shops, South Africa, Sports, Squash Courts, Staterooms, Steamer Trains, Steamer Travel in Europe, Steward's Department, Stenographer and Typist, Sunday Services, Swimming Pools on Deck,
Taxes, Taxicabs, Tea, Telegrams, Tenders, Time, Third Class, Ticket Offices, Tickets, Tips, Tours, Trains, Travel Information, Travelers Checks,
Valuables, Vedic, Ventilation, Verandah Cafe, Visaes,
Wardrobes, Water, West Indies, White Star-Dominion Line, White Star Line, Winifredian, Writing Materials,
Book your passage for an ocean trip well in advance of departure. and book also for the return voyage. thus assuring yourself better quarters for that part of your journey than might be obtainable abroad, especially in the rush season. Reservations may be made on deposit of 2.5 percent of passage money, balance to be paid three weeks before sailing. (Sec also "Tickets").
Travelers are advised to leave their addresses with the company when booking passage; with the ship's purser when landing. and with their friends and their bankers when traveling. Address cards are provided at our ticket offices and on our steamers.
Largest of the White Star Line's famous " Big Four." plying between New York, Cobh and Liverpool; 21.541 tons gross; one of the twelve largest steamers in the world; noted for her graceful lines and steadiness. Length. 726 feet; breadth, 75 feet; twin screws. Carries first, second and third class passengers. Staterooms are large and airy. Public rooms commodious, the first class lounge—forward on the promenade deck —being one of the finest. Plunge tank, Turkish and electric baths and gymnasium. Cuisine and service are famous. Orchestra plays daily. In winter the Adriatic cruises to the Mediterranean. (See also "Cruises" and "Ships ").
Airplane services connect the principal European cities. There are four planes a day each way between Croyden (London) and Le Bourget (Paris). Other prominent services are the Brussels-London and Brussels-Paris, with daily planes. Thirty pounds of baggage allowed. Particulars at leading hotels.
Founded in 1871; oldest ttansatlantic line under the American flag; operates cabin and third class service between New York and Hamburg (jointly with White Star Line), with calls eastbound at Plymouth and Cherbourg; westbound direct. (See also "Ticket Offices" and "Ships ")
- Minnekanda 17,221 tons third class only
- Mongolia 13,638 tons cabin and third class
AMUSEMENTS ON SHIPBOARD
(See "Public Rooms" for social life; also "Games" and "Sports.")
ANIMALS AND BIRDS
Must be boxed or caged before taken aboard ship for Europe. Arrange shipment with baggage master at piet. Rates: Dogs, $20 and up, transatlantic passage, or $12.50 and up on Panama-Pacific Line; cats, birds or other pets, $5 and up. Special quarters and care provided. Dogs are not allowed in stateroom, and can be taken into Great Britain only on permit from Board of Agriculture, London, obtained before shipment. A fee to ship's butcher for care of animals is customary.
Map of the Port of Antwerp, a Convenient Continental Gateway. IMM Ocean Travel, 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e6a1865d3
On the River Scheldt, 48 miles from the sea; one of the principal gateways to Continental Europe. It is a quaint, bright, friendly city, famous for its Cathedral and museums. Direct express train connections with Brussels (40 minutes), Paris (less than 5 hours), and other travel centers. Antwerp is the eastern terminus of the Red Star Line; offices, 22 Rue des Peignes, (also for American Line). White Star Line offices, 36 Longue Rue Neuve, and 19 Rue des Tanneurs. (See also "Red Star Line," and map, above).
White Star Line; formerly well known as the Berlin of the North German Lloyd. One of the largest steamers to the Mediterranean; 16,786 tons gross; length, 590 feet; breadth, 70 feet; twin screws. Carries passengers in first, second and third class. Rooms fitted with beds and public rooms include music room and veranda cafe. White Star Line cuisine and service. Orchestta. (See also "Ships").
Routes across, see map - Routes (Transatlantic)
ATLANTIC TRANSPORT LINE
The Atlantic Transport Line operates a famous service between New York and London direct for first class passengers only. The original " Minne" ships, lost during the war, are being replaced with larger steamers named for their predecessors. Sailings are from Pier 58, North River, New York, and the King George V docks, London.
- Minnewaska 21,700 tons
- Minnetonka 21,700 tons
One outstanding feature of this service is the amount of space available to each passenger. While the vessels register 21,700 tons each, the number of passengers is limited 369. The entire deck space is available. and public rooms are spacious and luxurious. (See also "Minnewaska"). (See also "Ships").
Cars may be hired for touring Europe through any company office (see list, page 72) and will meet steamer by arrangement at Cherbourg, Plymouth, Southampton, Liverpool, London, Antwerp or Hamburg. Crating for transatlantic shipment will be done at New York by Red Star or White Star Line on application at 1 Broadway.
The Automobile Club of America offers service for members including crating, shipment, insurance, foreign licenses, etc., and has courtesy exchange agreements with touring clubs abroad. The Panama Pacific Line accepts cars uncrated, as baggage. For rates apply at company offices.
Hire: Cars may be hired anywhere in Europe by the kilometre, hour, day or month, with chauffeur. Five people may tour in a car nearly as cheaply and generally more satisfactorily than by rail. Good chauffeurs usually are available at ports and large towns. The rental on a large high class car in England or the Continent is about 40 cents a mile or $40 a day including gasoline, tires and service and lodging of chauffeur. A gratuity of 5 or 10 percent to chauffeur is customary.
Insurance on cars shipped should cover "all usual risks" on value of the car, tires, accessories, duty deposits, and shipping charges. International Traveling Pass does away with special driving licenses and registration in each country visited, and is good for nearly all countries of Europe.
Road Rules: In England and Scandinavian countries keep to the left; in France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Spain, Holland and Belgium, keep to the right, except where local tules reverse the custom.
Tryptique: An owner requires a tryptique or certificate of deposit of customs duties before the car can enter a European country. One may be obtained from all countries to be visited on deposit with the Automobile Club of America for the highest duty assessed by any country to be entered. The document contains three vouchers, the first for entering, the second for leaving the country, and the third to be duly countersigned on two occasions for refund of duties. Tryptiques are usually valid for one year, and allow more than one entrance and egress within that period, but taxes are assessed for a continuous stay of more than three or four months.
White Star Line; sister ship to the Adriatic, one of the " Big Four" plying between New York, Cobh and Liverpool; 23,884 tons gross, length, 726 feet; breadth, 75 feet; twin screws. Exceptionally steady. Noted for large public rooms, large staterooms, White Star Line cuisine and service. Orchestra plays daily; dancing. Second and third class have their own public rooms and deck space. (See also Ships ").
There being practically no restrictions on the amount of baggage a traveler may take aboard ship, most persons planning an extended tour, or residence abroad, in the course of which they will mingle in society, take with them a number of trunks. Tourists making a quick trip may get on, however, with one small trunk and a hand grip, while many make a European tour in comfort with only a suitcase and a handgrip.
Mechanical Baggage Conveyor and Examples of Baggage Tags Supplied to Passengers. IMM Ocean Travel, 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e6a503125
The steamer trunk is the most convenient type to carry when baggage is limited. It should not be above 13 inches high, to go under a berth. The ideal small trunk for use in Europe is of leather, 30 x 16 x 11 inches, with a handle like a grip and one also at each end. Innovation trunks, which are large and stand on end. may be carried by persons booking large staterooms, but are inconvenient in the average stateroom, especially in Flanders fields—an easy motor ride from Antwerp if two or more petsons are sharing the room.
Trunks and other baggage except hand baggage should be sent to the pier the day before sailing, labelled "Wanted," or "Hold," with your name, room and port in plain writing (tags supplied with ticket). The baggage master at the pier will attach labels "Hold" or "Wanted," in accordance with tags as filled out.
Baggage marked " Hold " goes into a baggage room in the ship's hold and is not available on the voyage. On arrival in port claim your baggage at the customs space, under the initial of your surname. In America, baggage can be checked from the pier to destination.
Excess Baggage: On transatlantic steamers each cabin passenger is allowed 20 cubic feet, or 200 pounds, and each third class passenger 15 cubic feet or 150 pounds, free. In Great Britain and America 150 pounds is free; on Continent 22 pounds, with high excess charges, but hand baggage that can be taken in your compartment goes free.
Insurance on baggage is recommended. It can be obtained at any company agency. Baggage can be registered before sailing direct tags supplied passengers to London, Paris or other points, relieving the owner of care until claimed at destination, where customs examination is made.
Surplus baggage may he stored in our care at port of debarkation or forwarded to reembarkation port while in Great Britain or on the Continent. Surplus baggage, in the United States, if examined and passed by U. S. Customs, can be stored with our reliable transfer company; if not examined by Customs, it is placed in bonded warehouse and will be released only on personal application by respective owners. (See also "Customs").
All our steamets carry barbers. The express steamers also carry women hairdressers and manicurists. Standard charges approved by the company are posted. Hours are from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. Barbers sell miscellaneous necessaries to passengers. (See also "Shops").
Passengers occupying rooms without private baths should arrange with the bath steward directly after sailing for a definite time each morning for a bath. The schedule should be strictly adhered to. Electric ray baths are to be found on the Homeric, and a swimming pool and Turkish baths also on the Adriatic, Belgenland, Olympic and Majestic. The Pompeian bath on the Majestic is the finest on any ship.
Bath tickets may be obtained at the inquiry office. Private dressing bides are provided and suitsare for rent. Hours are reserved for men and women respectively. On the Majestic mixed bathing is permitted from 2 to 7 P. M.; tickets 2/6 (58 cents). An instructor is in attendance.
Commercial metropolis of Ireland and home of the great shipbuilding yards of Harland & Wolff, Ltd. White Star-Dominion Line cabin steamers westward bound from Liverpool to Quebec and Montreal make calls here in summer. Office, Whiting & Tedford, 31-33 Victoria Street. (See "White Star-Dominion Line").
Queen of the Red Star Line fleet; new, 1923; eighth largest steamer in the world; 27,132 tons gross; length, 697 feet; breadth, 78 feet; triple screws; oil burnet. Latest features in luxuty accommodations. Elegant public tooms; beds teplace berths; running hot and cold water in all staterooms.
Suites with private sitting room and bath and private fireplaces. Turkish bath, swimming pool, gymnasium for both first and second class passengers. Large reception room for dancing and tea. Veranda Café in all three classes. Exceptional deck space; promenade deck, glass enclosed. Elevators and children's playroom in both first and second class.
Famous Red Star Line cuisine and service. à la carte dining room service exclusively in first class. Two-berth and four-berth staterooms in third class. (See also "Ships ").
Bicycles will be carried on transatlantic ships only if crated and at owner's risk. The charge is $5. Panama Pacific Line steamers take bicycles uncrated as baggage.
The traveler to Europe wishing to remain a week or more in one place will find a boarding house cheaper than a hotel. Addresses of reliable boarding houses may be obtained at any of the company's offices, or at tourist agencies or municipal travel bureaus. On the Continent the boarding house proprietor usually can direct the parting guest to a similar house in the next city he visits.
Good board with room can be obtained in England for as low as 10 shillings a day (about $2.3042.40 and on the Continent from 20 francs (about $2.0042.10). Most small hotels in Europe will make a "pension" (boarding house) rate to patrons remaining a week or more, food and service being the same as that furnished transient guests.
BON VOYAGE GIFTS
These usually consist of baskets of fruits and sweetmeats, or boxes of confectionery. Books also are popular gifts to travelers, but sometimes are burdensome. (See also "Parcels").
BOOTS AND SHOES
If left outside stateroom door at night, boots or shoes will be cleaned, polished and returned. The employee performing this service, known as "Boots," expects a reasonable fee at the end of the voyage.
The Leyland Line operates a popular cabin service between Boston and Liverpool direct with the steamers Winifredian and Devonian (which see). Boston is a port of call for White Star Line New York-Mediterranean service, and White Star Line's Liverpool ships call here westbound in summer. Office: 84 State Street. (See also "Leyland Line," "White Star Line").
Bugle calls are sounded on company ships in first class for all meals, and a dress call a half hour before dinner. The first call, usually at 8 A. M., is the usual signal for rising. Calls in second class are by means of a gong, and in third class, a bell. (See also "Meals").
Cabin Ships carry passengers in cabin class, and in some cases third class also. There is no second class and none superior to cabin. Cabin rates are about half those on the express liners. It is possible to secure comfortable, quiet accommodation at the moderate minimum rate, or on some steamers to book more pretentious quarters. Some cabin ships have suites with private bath and sitting room.
Our lines operate more cabin ships than any other steamship organization—including 11 in transatlantic service, and 5 between England, South Africa and Australia. Several are new, and specially built for the cabin trade. For cabin ships see also individual lines, as "American Line," "Leyland Line," etc. (See also "Ships").
Cable messages may be left at inquiry office on steamer and will be dispatched at first port. Address and signature are charged for. Codes in common use are Bentley's, A.B.C. and Lieber's. These are obtainable at bookstores or on the ships. (See also "Radiograms ").
The Western Union Telegraph Co. furnishes a code book for travelers free on application.
Both taxicabs and horse-drawn vehicles are available in European cities. The average urban taxi fare is under 50 cents, or about half that in the United States. A small gratuity to the driver is customary. At New York, Southampton, London, Antwerp and Hamburg travelers are advised to give preference to taxicabs admitted to the pier.
White Star-Dominion liner; an exceptionally homelike cabin and third class steamer. 9,472 tons gross; length, 514 feet; breadth, 58 feet; twin screw. Combines steadiness with spaciousness of deck, cozy public rooms and .staterooms. Gives a generous return for extremely moderate rates. Orchestra plays daily. Third class has its own public rooms, deck space, and enclosed staterooms. White Star Line cuisine and service. (See also "Ships").
White Star Line steamship; large and comfortable for cabin and third class; 12,268 tons gross; length, 594 feet; breadth, 59 feet; twin screws. Plys between New York and Hamburg. Rates extremely moderate. American and European cuisine and service of customary White Star Line excellence. Ample deck space, attractive staterooms and public rooms; many two berth staterooms, some with private bath. Third class has own public rooms, deck space, and enclosed staterooms. (See also "Ships").
(See "Public Rooms").
(See "Deck Chairss").
White Star Line steamship; one of the "Big Four" plying between New York, Cobh and Liverpool. 21,073 tons gross; length, 698 feet; breadth, 75 feet; twin screws. Exceptionally steady, and very roomy. Carries first, second and third class passengers. Staterooms and public rooms large and attractively furnished. Lounge forward on promenade deck. Famous White Star Line cuisine and service. Orchestra. Large deck space. Second and third class have their own public rooms and deck space. Third class has enclosed staterooms. (See also "Ships").
White Stat Line steamship; in the " Big Four" plying between New York, Cobh and Liverpool; 21,026 tons gross; length, 698 feet; breadth, 75 feet; twin screws. Noted for steadiness. Large deck space, generous public rooms and staterooms, many with two berths and private bath. Cuisine and service are of White Star Line standard. Orchestra. Second and third class have their own public rooms and generous deck space. Enclosed staterooms for third class. (See also "Ships").
Approaches to the English Channel. IMM Ocean Travel, 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e6aaa25c7
Cherbourg (for Paris) has four arrivals and four sailings a week by ships of our lines. Passengers are landed and embarked by large steam tender, with comfortable cabins. A hotel is maintained for third class passengers. Special boat trains reach Paris in 6 - 7 1/2 hours. Autos may be hired to meet steamer on application to purser. Cherbourg office, A. Lanièce & Fils, 32 Quai Alexandre III. (See also "American Line," "Red Star Line," "White Star Line").
Children under ten years are carried at half fare, but are not entitled to seats in dining saloon unless full fare is paid. Infants under one year are carried at nominal rate. For children's passports see "Passports." (See also "Play Rooms").
An experienced clothes-presser is carried on the larger ships. On others the barber does pressing for passengers. Charges are moderate, and are posted.
Clothing for the voyage should be warm and serviceable. Except on express steamers dinner dress is optional. Evening dress or dinner dress are not necessary to tourists in Europe unless they patronize the most fashionable hotels. For daily wear rough wool mixtures are best, as they do not show dust.
The clothing listed below will meet all normal needs on shipboard and abroad.
For a man: Soft hat, cap, 2 suits (1 golf or walking clothes if desired); raincoat or light topcoat; overcoat (if cold weather is to be encountered); 3 sets underweat and pajamas; 4 soft shirts; 12 pair socks; 2 pair shoes; 12 handkerchiefs; ties; bedroom slippers; (a bathrobe is unnecessary); miscellaneous, toilet articles, etc. Dinner suit if desired.
For a woman: Traveling suit; walking shoes; extra skirt; 3 blouses and sweater; light dress; afternoon dress; pumps; overcoat or cape; traveling hat (small shape). Extra hat is optional. Four sets lingerie, etc.; 4 pair silk stockings; 1 pair wool stockings; dressing gown; bedroom slippers; traveling gloves; umbrella; toilet articles, miscellaneous, gloves, etc. Evening dress and slippers if desired.
Company steamers between New York, Philadelphia, Boston and Liverpool call here east and westbound. Landing is by tender. Excellent train service connects with all parts of Ireland. Office, Scott & Son. (See also "White Star Line ").
Complaints regarding service on shipboard should be made to the purser.
CONCERTS AT SEA
On one of the nights of the voyage, usually the last, it is customary to arrange a concert for the benefit of seamen's charities. All passengers possessing talent are invited to give their services. A collection is taken, usually by young women passengers designated by the committee in charge.
Following is a list of American consuls at ports touched by the ships mentioned in this book, as well as of consuls of the principal European countries stationed at New York:
American Consuls at Foreign Ports
- Alexandria, Lester Maynard, 1 Rua Adib
- Antwerp, George S. Messersmith, 24 Rue des Frères Cellites
- Athens, Will L. Lowrie, 12 Odes Anagnostpoulbu
- Azores, S. W. Eells, Ponta Delgada
- Belfast, Henry P. Starrett, 2 Wellington Place
- Cherbourg, John Carrigan Jr., 40 Rue Val de Saire
- Cobh (Queenstown), John A. Gamon, 1 Scott Square
- Danzig, Edwin Carl Kemp, 9 Elizabethwal
- Genoa (Consul General), John Ball Osborne, 29 Via XX Settembre
- Gibraltar, Richard L. Sprague, 73 Prince Edward's Road
- Glasgow, George E. Chamberlin, Cor. W. George and Renfield Sts.
- Hamburg, Theodore Jaeckel, Ferdinand Str. 56-58
- Liverpool (Consul General), Horace Lee Washington, Tower Bldg., 22 Water St.
- London (Consul General), Robert P. Skinner, 18 Cavendish Sq. W.
- Naples (Consul General), Homer M. Byington, Cor. Via Cuma & Via Savro
- Plymouth, Ralph C. Busser, 11 Lockyer St.
- Riga, John P. Hurley, 8-10 Sand St.
- Southampton, John W. Savage, 17 Queen's Terrace Vigo, Henry T. Wilcox, 19 Avenida de Garcia Barbon
Foreign Consuls at New York
- Belgian (Consul General), 25 Madison Ave.
- British (Consul General), Sir Harry Gloster Armstrong, 44 Whitehall St.
- Czech, Dr. Borivoi Prusik, 31 E. 17th St.
- Cuba, Felipe S. Tabuada, 44 Whitehall St.
- Danish (Consul General), George Bech, 16 Bridge St.
- Dutch (Consul General), W. P. Montijn, 44 Beaver St.
- French (Consul General), Charles Barret, 9 E. 40th St.;
passport office, Pier 57, North River.
- German, Karl Lang, 11 Broadway.
- Greek (Consul General), Constantine Xanthopoalos, 11 St. Lakes Pl.
- Italian (Consul General), Comm. T. F. Bernardi, 20 E. 22nd St.
- Jugo-Slav—Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Consul General), Dr. P. Karovitch, 443 W. 22nd St.
- Latvian, Arthur B. Lule, 38 Park Row
- Norwegian (Consul General), Hans Fay, 115 Broad St.
- Panama, (Consul General), Belisario Porras, 24 State St.
- Polish (Consul General), Dr. Stephan Grotoowski, 953 Third Ave.
- Roumanian (Consul General), T. Tileston Wells, 1834 Broadway
- Spanish (Consul General), Alejandro Berea Rodrigo, 709 Sixth Ave.
- Swedish (Consul General), Olof H. Lamm, 70 E. 45th St.
- Swiss, Lones H. Junod, 104 Fifth Ave.
- Turkish, Shah Mir Effendi, attache in charge Ottoman interests, care Spanish Consulate, 709 Sixth Ave.
Couriers are often found useful when touring Europe. They may be hired in all European cities at moderate rates, through any large hotel or tourist agency.
A shelter on the foremast, from which a watch is kept.
Cruises are operated every winter under our own management (a) to the Mediterranean, by two ships, making two cruises each, of six weeks' duration; ports visited: Funchal, Gibraltar, Algiers, Monaco, Naples, Athens, Haifa and Alexandria, with ample time for shore excursions; stopover privileges granted; (b) to the West Indies, by a large White Star liner, cruises of 28 days each, from New York, via Havana, Santiago, Kingston, Colon, La Guaira, Port of Spain, Barbados, Fort de France, St. Thomas, San Juan, Nassau and Bermuda; shore excursions are planned at each port.
On steamers to England the cooking isadapted to English and American tastes. On ships to the Continent it has a cosmopolitan style, varied with plain dishes. Chefs of long experience are employed. On cabin steamers and in second class the table is abundant, though plainer than on the express steamers. Third class cuisine is good, and special attention is paid to national tastes. Kosher cooks are carried on many ships.
CURRENCIES IN EUROPE
British Isles: 12 pence equal 1 shilling; 20 shillings, 1 pound. Principal units are six-pence, shillings, florin (two shilling piece), half crown (two shillings and sixpence), five shillings, 10 shillings, 1 pound, and 5 pounds. Gold is not circulated.
France, Belgium, Switzerland and Italy have a decimal system. The unit is the franc (lire in Italy) subdivided into 100 centimes (in Italy centesimi) and the currency is the multiples of centimes and francs. Very little specie is in circulation, and no gold. Paper notes are used even for the franc. (See also "Money").
Each steamship passenger before landing in the United • States or Canada must fill out a customs declaration form, whether he has any d utiable goods or not. The senior member of a family, all of whom reside in the same country, may declare for the family.
Declaration forms, distributed to passengers by the stewards during the voyage, must be filled out, signed and turned in to purser before reaching quarantine. A coupon or ticket, given in exchange and presented at the customs desk on the pier, entitles passenger to have an inspector detailed to examine baggage. Stewards bring baggage off the ship and place it under initial letter of owner's last name on pier.
Residents of foreign countries may bring in free all necessary and appropriate wearing apparel, articles of personal adornment, toilet articles, and similar personal effects. All other articles must be declared.
Residents of the United States must declare everything purchased or obtained abroad at market value in country of purchase, depreciation by wear or use being allowed, against which there is a free allowance of $100.
Goods purchased in the United States are readmitted free of duty. Adult passengers may bring in free 50 cigars, or 300 cigarettes, or 3 pounds of tobacco. Principal prohibited articles are: intoxicating beverages, cuttings or seeds, plants except vegetable and flower seeds, smoking opium, seal-skins or garments made therefrom, aigrettes, osprey plumes and feathers or parts of wild birds.
Passengers are advised to declare frankly all articles bought abroad, whether dutiable or not, to pack all declarable articles on top in baggage, and not to attempt to influence the customs inspector in any way. Reappraisement of dutiable goods may be demanded before leaving pier, but not thereafter. Duties must be paid at pier in cash. Baggage may be forwarded in bond, without examination, if passenger declares number of packages, general character and value of each and destination.
European customs regulations are less exacting than those of the United States. Principal prohibited articles are tobacco, spirits, drugs, essences, motion picture films, etc. and in some countries matches. A list of declarable articles usually is furnished each traveler on opening his baggage for inspection. Duties and valuation on dutiable articles usually are moderate. Border examinations are often inconvenient and vexatious; hence the need of minimizing your baggage for convenience.
Some European countries inspect baggage on leaving the country. Most forbid taking gold out of the country. Money should be declared on entering Germany. An export duty is assessed on all goods bought within Germany, on leaving. (See also "Baggage").
This is a diversion popular in all classes. The larger ships have special dancing space in the lounge or reception room in both first and second class. That on the Majestic accommodates 150 couples. Modern dance music is furnished on all ships. (See "Music"). Thete is no charge for dancing. On summer voyages and on cruises dances are held on deck, in a space decorated with flags and colored lights. The Belgenland has, besides its first class ballroom, a large veranda café for dancing in second class.
Third class passengers usually dance on deck. On most company ships a piano is kept in the third class general room, and players are rarely wanting who can provide music for j igs, reels or folk dances.
The Red Star Line and White Star Line carry third class passengers, and sometimescabin class, between Danzig and Baltic ports and New York or Philadelphia. Through bookings are also made via White Star Line ships to and from England, with close connections to direct steamers. Danzig offices of Red Star Line, 64 Langasse; White Star Line, 31, 32 Topfergasse. At each of these offices will be found clerks speaking several languages. (See also "Red Star Line").
Deck chairs may be hired for the voyage, usually at $1.50. Apply to deck steward.
On ocean steamships the deck officers are those licensed (in England "certificated," officers who directly assist the captain in navigation, piloting, cargo handling and in all matters pertaining to the safety, care and upkeep of the ship, outside the engine department. The largest vessels usually carry three senior and three junior deck officers, so as to provide for two being on watch day and night.
Majestic and Olympic carry in addition a staff captain, whose duties are of executive nature. Contact of these officers with passengers naturally is restricted, owing to the exactions of their duties. The captain in fine weather takes his meals in the first-class saloon, but the other deck officers have their own quarters and mess. (See also "Uniforms of Officers, etc." and "Engineers.")
Passenger Decks of the RMS Olympic. IMM Ocean Travel, 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e6afff8e7
Use of the decks is a great source of pleasure on the voyage. Passengers here may play games, walk or recline in deck chairs. The orchestra plays on deck in summer and morning bouillon and afternoon tea are served here. The larger steamers have a glass-enclosed promenade deck. Dancing sometimes is indulged in on deck.
Decks are named and lettered on most steamers. The topmost is the boat deck (A deck) which is uncovered; below are the promenade deck (B deck); upper deck (C deck) and D, E. F, and G, successively, according to number.
Formerly the Cretic, operated by the Leyland Line, carrying cabin passengers only between Boston and Liverpool. 13,518 tons gross; length, 602 feet; breadth, 60 feet; twin screws. Generous decks, public rooms and staterooms, good food and service give large return for moderate fare. Exceptionally steady and very comfottable. (See cut under "Ships").
|Montreal||Liverpool via Belle Isle||
|Montreal||Liverpool via Cabot Straits||
|New York||Ambrose L. S.||
|New York||Bishop's Rock||
|New York||Fire Is. L. S.||
|New York||Nantucket L.S.||
|Balboa, C. Z.||Los Angeles||2933|
|Havana||Cristobal, C. Z||1008|
|Los Angeles||San Francisco||357|
|New York||Ponta Delgada||2252|
DIVINE SERVICES AT SEA
(See "Sunday Services").
(See "Animals and Birds").
White Star Dominion Line steamship; new 1923. Specially built for cabin service; also carries third class. Twin screws. 16,500 tons gross; length, 601 feet; breadth, 68 feet. Luxurious public rooms and latest conveniences for ocean travel comfort. Gymnasium, children's playroom, broad decks, glass-enclosed, suites with private sitting room and bath, for moderate cabin rates. Orchestra. White Star Line cuisine and service. Third class has its own public rooms and deck space, and 2-berth and 4-berth staterooms.
All our steamers of recent construction are equipped with elevators. Some of the larger ships have them in both first and second class.
Engineers are licensed (or certificated) officers for engineering duties. Each ship's machinery is in charge of a chief engineer, who has a number of assistants who maintain a watch in the engine-room and stokeholds day and night, besides being detailed for particular emergencies.
Other assistants are carried for special duties such as refrigerating, sanitary work and deck machinery. The Majestic, the world's largest ship, has seventy engineers of various grades besides a large staff of oilers, firemen and wipers.
The chief engineer is the only member of the engineering staff who takes his meals in the first-class dining saloon. The others have their own quarters and mess. (See also "Uniforms of Officers, etc." and "Deck Officers.")
The expense of a European trip depends on the tastes of the traveler. Passage may be obtained on some of our comfortable cabin steamers as low as $115. Expenses in Europe are what you make them. You may live at a high class hotel in Paris ot London for $10 or $20 a day, or at a small inn for $2 a day. Rail fares on the whole are less than in America. A liberal average for the tourist while traveling in Europe is $15 a day for all expenses while on shore. The American travel dollar goes a long way in any country of Europe now. (See also "Hotels in Europe" and "Fares to Europe").
FARES TO EUROPE
Minimum fares to England and France vary according to type of steamer. They are: First class (winter), $190.00 to $250.00; cabin, $115.00 to $135.00; second class, $120.00 to $140.00; third class, $82.50 to $100.00 (westbound $72.50 to $100.00). Fares are slightly higher to German, Mediterranean or Baltic ports. Summer first class fares are 10 percent higher than in winter; in other classes there is no change. Summer rates are in force eastbound from April 1 to July 31, westbound from July 1 to October 31; winter rates eastbound from August 1 to March 31, westbound from November 1 to June 30. The above fares are subject to change without notice.
Fees to stewards are customary, but optional. Fees to barber are usually given at time of service, but others are given at the end of the voyage. The amount is gauged by the traveler's estimate of the value of personal services rendered him and the length of the voyage. Employees most commonly given fees are table and toom stewards, lounge, deck, smoking-room and bath stewards, stewardesses and boots. Fees bestowed on express liners usually are higher than on slower ships.
Panama Pacific Line; formerly in the Red Star Line's New York-Antwerp service. One of the three largest steamships engaged in intercoastal service between New York and California ports; runs via Panama Canal; 12,223 tons gross; length, 578 feet; breadth, 60 feet; twin screw; oil burner. Noted for homelike comfort and piquant cooking. Electric fans in all staterooms. Carries first, second and third class passengers. Orchestra. Swimming pool on deck.
Every steamship line has a distinctive house flag. That of the White Star Line is a white star on a red ground; of the Red Star Line a red star on a white ground; of the American Line a blue spread eagle on a white ground, etc. (see diagram).
House Flags and Funnel Markings. IMM Ocean Travel, 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e6b5562f0
A steamship flies her national flag on a staff at the stern, and on leaving port the flag of the country to which she is bound at the foremast head (first mast from the bow). Thus, the Majestic on leaving Southampton flies the French flag at the foremast head, and on leaving Cherbourg the American flag. The house flag is flown from the mainmast head (second mast from the bow). Salutes are given and answered by dipping the ensign at the stern staff. Ships carrying mail fly a distinctive mail flag. When medical inspection officers are on board a yellow flag is flown from a forward stay.
FLOWERS, PARCELS, Etc.,
Flowers, parcels and other similar items, intended for passengers sailing at port of New York are accepted by the baggage department at the piers, which will arrange proper delivery to passengers by stewards aboard steamer, provided each article is properly addressed and shows class of passage. (See also "Bon Voyage Gifts.")
(See "Money" and "Travelers Checks").
Steamship lines mark the funnels of their ships with distinctive colors or designs. Thus, White Star Line funnels are buff with black tops; Red Star Line black with white band; Atlantic Transpott Line, ted with black top, etc. (See sketch above).
Provision is made for games with cards, checkers, chess and dominoes in lounge and smoking room. On Panama Pacific Line ships Mah Jong sets are provided. Playing cards may be purchased on board. The deck steward will arrange for deck games and assist beginners.
Principal games are: Bull Board—Quoits or sandbags, six per player, are tossed at an inclined board, marked as illustrated. Spaces must be scored consecutively to 10, then right and left hand "Bs," bring "Game." Should either " B " be scored previously, player starts again at one.
Deck Tennis: Played like lawn tennis, except that a rope replaces the net, and rubber or rope quoits are used, to be caught and returned by hand.
Quoits: Played with rope rings thrown at a spindle.
Tether Ball: A ball, attached by a cord to a pole, is struck in opposite directions by players using racquets, the object being to wind the cord around the pole against the opponent's efforts.
Shuffleboard on the Sports Deck of an Ocean Liner. IMM Ocean Travel, 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e6b580353
Shuffleboard: The game most commonly played on deck aboard ocean liners. Two identical diagrams are chalked on the deck, about 20 feet apart. (See diagram).
The game is played with eight wood discs, about six inches in diameter and one inch thick. Four are marked with a cross and four with a dot, to distinguish sides. The discs are pushed with a stick shaped like a shovel, the object of each player being to reach with each disc a square in the diagram that will add to his score. Two, four, six or eight persons may play.
Shuffleboard Diagram. IMM Ocean Travel, 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e6b7b8655
In a game of four, partners do not follow each other in the play. Thus, A and B are partners; C and D partners. A leads off, and C follows him. The object of C not only is to make a good score himself, but to displace A's discs if possible. The shots employed to accomplish this call for skill, and give the game its principal charm. The score is counted when all eight discs have been used.
If a disc lodges in the space-10 the score is reduced by that amount. B and D, from the opposite end, next play, using the same discs. Sometimes a line is drawn about one foot from each diagram, and any disc that comes to rest between that line and the curved line of the diagram may be taken out of play. Discs resting on division lines cannot be counted. In order to win, a player must score exactly 50. All over that number are subtracted from 50. Thus, if a player has 46, and scores eight, making 54, four is added to 46, making 50, and four deducted, leaving his score at 46.
Terminus of New York-Boston-Mediterranean service of the White Star Line and port of call for cruising steamers. Office No. 59 Guglielmo Sanplice. (See also White Star Line").
Port of call for New York-Boston-Mediterranean service and cruising steamers. Connections via Algeciras (ferry) by rail to Ronda, Granada and other points in Spain.
Red Star Line; carries third class passengers only. 7,660 tons gross; length, 504 feet; breadth, 53 feet; twin screws. Remarkably steady. Enclosed staterooms. Has large public tooms and generous deck space. Cooking suited to national tastes. (See also "Ships").
Valuable in touring Europe. Bradshaw's General Railway and Steam Navigation Guide for England and Bradshaw's Continental Guide, Part I, give time tables of all European railroads and steamships; in Bradshaw's Continental Guide, Part general information is condensed and well arranged. Muithead's "Blue Guides" give valuable information on hotels and points of interest. Some travelers prefer Baedeker's Guides. (See also "Railroad Travel" or Tickets).
In Europe a guide often is a help, but not always. A guide may be obtained at any large hotel or at a railroad station. Do not engage guides on the street.
Gymnasiums are installed on the newer steamers in both first and second class and on new cabin ships. They are equipped with varied apparatus and an insttuctor is in attendance. Hours for men and for women are posted.
Port of call for the White Star-Dominion Line and Red Star Line during the winter, and a westbound call for the New York-Hamburg service. Convenient rail connections to interior points of Canada. Office, 93 Hollis Street. (See under names of lines).
Principal port of Germany and terminus for a joint service for cabin and third class steamers of the American Line and White Star Line. Rail connections are excellent to interior points. Office, 39 Alsterdamm. (See also "American Line," "White Star Line").
" The Paris of the Caribbean," is a port of call for the Panama Pacific Line's steamers plying between New York and California ports. Ships leaving New York on Thursday reach Havana on Monday morning. Eastbound ships arrive usually in the afternoon of the fourth day from the Panama Canal. In each case a stop of about six hours is made, affording passengers an opportunity to see some of the interesting features of this gay and colorful city of narrow streets, bright cafes and flat-roofed houses of soft pink and blue stucco—a city with a distinctly Spanish flavor.
Visitors will find it well worth while to see the Cathedral; the Prado, a broad thoroughfare of shops, clubs and hotels; the Botanical Gardens and historic old Morro Castle and Cabafias fortress, guarding the harbor entrance. An auto trip to lovely nearby suburbs should also be taken. For visitors making a longer stay the races, the bathing beaches and holiday fiestas are great attractions.
White Star Line steamship for cabin and third class passengers. 11,635 tons gross; length, 550 feet; breadth, 59 feet; twin screws. Noted for steadiness and unusually broad promenade deck; staterooms on one deck. Public rooms all on promenade deck. White Stat Line cuisine and service. Has large and devoted following. (See also "Ships ").
White Star Line's "Ship of Splendor"; 6th largest in world. Oil burner, 34,354 tons gross; length, 777 feet; breadth, 83 feet; twin screws. Plys between New York, Cherbourg and Southampton with the Majestic and Olympic, in "The Magnificent Trio." Carries first, second and third class passengers. Noted for luxury of appointments. Lofty public rooms en suite on upperdeck include music room and six other magnificent apartments. Period suites with private sitting rooms and baths. Beds replace berths in staterooms; gymnasiums, electric baths, elevators, sports deck. Large orchestra plays in concerts and for dancing. Splendid ballroom. Second and third class have their own public rooms. (See also "Ships").
HOTELS IN EUROPE
The hotels in Europe vary widely in scale of prices according to grade, as first class, second, third, and whether in large cities or smaller towns. The American abroad should not be disturbed by the term "class."
A second class hotel often is as comfortable as a first class. Some of the most attractive inns in Europe would be rated "fourth class" by their scale of prices. There are many good pensions where one can live in comfort at moderate cost. Cooking and service in Europe are generally good. The hall porter in English hotels, and the concierge in Continental hotels furnishes information to travelers.
In England the "temperance hotels" largely patronized by tourists and colonials, will be found cheaper than the large hotels. On the Continent do not be afraid to bargain for hotel accommodation. The most expensive rooms usually are offered first. A reduction is usually made for a prolonged stay. Hotel coupons may be purchased through tourist agencies. good for accommodations at specified hotels.
Continental hotels usually make a charge for light and attendance. Some hotels add 10 percent to cover fees to servants, obviating guest's giving them. (See also "Boarding Houses").
Household goods, merchandise, linens, silver, etc., should be shipped as freight on transatlantic steamers. The Panama Pacific Line, New York to California, also accepts household goods in vans, which are taken on board the ship for delivery to destination. For rates apply to company offices.
INCOME TAX CLEARANCE
Income tax clearance is necessary for all aliens leaving the United States; obtainable from the Supervising Internal Revenue Agent, Custom House, New York, or other port of depatture, in exchange for documentary proof that income tax has been paid; must be presented to representative of Internal Revenue Department at pier befote embarking. Income tax clearance is not necessary for American citizens.
Information as to routes, rates, distances. etc., will be furnished by company offices or by purser or passenger department representative on steamer. Time tables, travel booklets, etc. are carried on ships and directories of New York, London and Paris on the larger steamers.
INQUIRY OFFICE ON STEAMERS
This is the business office of the ship, where letters are mailed, cables and radios despatched, and all business of the voyage conducted. Passengers may purchase return tickets or make reservations here, or on the larger ships at the passenger representative's office.
Interpreters for the principal languages of Europe are carried on all our steamers. Stewards on steamers to the Continent speak two or more languages. Interpreters from tourist agencies meet most steamships and important trains. (See also "Languages").
Keys to staterooms are not furnished to passengers. A steward is on duty in each section and maintains careful supervision over rooms.
Panama Pacific Line steamship; formerly in the Red Star Line's New York-Antwerp service; one of three largest steamships engaged in intercoastal service between New York and California ports; 12,241 tons gross; length, 578 feet; breadth, 60 feet; twin screw; oil burner; runs via the Panama Canal. Carries first, second and third class passengers. Noted for homelike comfort. Many two-berth and connecting rooms, some with private bath. Electric fans in all staterooms. Orchestra. Swimming pool on deck.
Landing cards issued to passengers by the purser are stamped by the immigration and health authorities at port of entrance and collected as passengers land. Cabin passengers are passed by the authorities at the dock and allowed to land immediately. Third class passengers are transferred to an immigration station.
At all ports should the steamet dock in the evening passengers may temain on board until morning. At Cherbourg passengers are landed by tender up to 12 midnight, or if the ship arrives later, at 7 A. M. At Southampton, when justified by the number of passengers, a special train will be dispatched for London, if able to leave before 9.30 P.M. (See also "Customs" and "Baggage").
English will take one anywhere in the world, on beaten tracks. It is spoken at most hotels and large restaurants in Europe catering to toutists. French is useful on the Continent, with the exception of Germany. (See also "Interpreters").
Red Star Line steamship; 18,565 tons; length, 620 feet; breadth, 70 feet; twin screws; one of the distinguished Atlantic liners, noted for comforts and homelike atmosphere. Especially attractive lounge forward on the promenade deck; drawing room; smoking room decorated in Flemish tile panels. Staterooms large, many with two berths and private baths. Red Star Line cuisine and service. Second and third class have their own public rooms. Enclosed staterooms in third class. (See also "Ships").
As a rule laundry is not done on transatlantic ships, but for cruises special laundries are sometimes installed on shipboard. In Europe laundry work is done for travelers in two days and on occasion less. American hotels maintain a 24-hour laundry service for the convenience of guests.
LETTERS, TELEGRAMS AND RADIO MESSAGES FOR PASSENGERS
All letters, telegrams and radio messages for passengers are delivered to staterooms. On arrival at port of debarkation mail is brought on board, or distributed on the pier. Passengers should ask for mail before disembarking, and should leave forwarding address with purser.
Letters mailed on steamers should not be handed to unauthorized persons for posting, but should be turned in at the inquiry office where stamps may be purchased. The library steward also has stamps for sale. Mail to go ashore with the pilot must be turned in to purser a half hour before pilot is dropped. Other letters will be mailed from the first port at which the steamer calls. (See also "Cable Messages," "Radiograms" and "Telegrams").
Leyland Line operates cabin steamers between Boston, Cobh and Liverpool and steamers with limited accommodations for first class passengers between New Orleans and Liverpool.
|Devonian||13,518||Boston - Liverpool|
|Winifredian||10,422||Boston - Liverpool|
|Asian||5,614||New Orleans - Liverpool|
|Antillian||5,608||New Orleans - Liverpool|
The Red Star Line carries third class passengers between New York, Philadelphia, Danzig, Riga and Libau. (See also "Red Star Line").
Libraries on Ocean Liners. IMM Ocean Travel, 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e6bf83af8
The library on each steamer contains an assortment of classics and modern books which may be borrowed on application to library steward. On some steamers current novels may be purchased.
In the dining saloon lights are extinguished at 11 P. M.; in reading room and smoking room at 11.30 eastbound and midnight westbound; in the lounge, midnight (Sundays, 11.30 P. M.). (See also "Public Rooms").
LIGHTHOUSES AND LIGHTSHIPS
The sighting of the first lighthouse at the end of an ocean voyage is an incident of great interest to passengers, even in these days of fast ships and short passages. The first light passed by ships from New York for Liverpool is the Fastnet, on the Irish coast; the first for vessels bound to the English Channel is Bishop's Rock, off the Scilly Isles. Next comes the Lizard, the south tip of England. Off Plymouth is famous Eddystone light.
The outposts to Cherbourg are the lights on the (1) Casquets, (2) Fastnet Light Cape la Hague. Lightships off the Goodwin Sands, and the lighthouse on the North Foreland, guard the entrance to the Rivet Thames (to the left going in). Off the rivers Scheldt (for Antwerp) and Elbe (for Hamburg) are lightships pointing the way to invisible channels.
Entrance to the Straits of Gibraltat is marked by a lighthouse on Europa Point, at the Rock. The approach to New York is marked fitst by Nantucket Shoals lightship, 193 miles east of Ambrose Channel, next by Fire Island lightship (166 miles from Nantucket lightship), and next by Ambrose Channel lightship, 23 miles from New York.
One of the great shipping centers of the world; terminus for five services ftom American ports operated by the lines here mentioned. It is the most convenient gateway to Wales, western and central England, and the English lake country. Excellent express train service connects it with London (4 hours) or other parts of England; boat connections to Ireland. Office, 30, James Street, (See also "Leyland Line," "White Star Line," "White Star-Dominion Line").
(See "Public Rooms").
White Star Line; the world's largest ship; gross tonnage 56,551; length, 956 feet; breadth, 100 feet; quadruple screws; oil burner. Public rooms on a scale of unsurpassed size and luxury; lounge seats 500, and has stage and dancing floor; Parisian restaurant and palm court; dining saloon seats 750. Smoking room forward, under the bridge.
First class has Turkish and electric baths, magnificent Pompeiian swimming bath, gymnasium, squash courts, veranda café, elevators. Unusually large deck space, glass-enclosed. Orchestra. Special hairdresser for women. Novelty shop.
Second cabin has spacious and luxurious public rooms, elevators and gymnasium. Third class presents the latest features for comfort, including a large general room, (with piano) smoking room and generous promenades.
The Majestic leads the White Star Line's express service between New York, Cherbourg and Southampton, in "The Magnificent Trio" (see also Olympic and Homeric). She holds the record for a voyage from New York to C herbourg, 5 days, 5 hours 21 minutes. In 1923 she carried 37,876 passengers, or nearly 8,000 more than her nearest competitor.
Panama Pacific Line; carries first and intermediate passengers between New York and California ports. Largest ocean liner operating regularly through the Panama Canal in intercoastal service. Tonnage 13,638; length, 616 feet; breadth, 65 feet; twin screws; oil burner. Steady and comfortable steamer. Electric fans in all staterooms. Many two-berth and connecting staterooms, some with private bath.
Orchestra. Cuisine and service excellent. Swimming pool on deck for both classes. Intermediate has its own smoking room and lounge, modern baths, etc. (See also "Ships").
On most ocean liners meals are served within stated hours. In first class, on the larger ships, breakfast usually is from 8 to 10, luncheon from 1 to 2, dinner from 7 to 8.30. In second cabin the meal hours are earlier. Service is table d'hôte, with a varied bill of fare. Special dishes may be obtained on request to second steward without extra charge. Meals served in rooms are ordered through room steward or stewardess.
The Majestic and Olympic have Parisian restaurants in addition to the regular dining rooms, with à la carte service at fixed prices. (See " Restaurants"). On the Belgenland of the Red Star Line the first class dining room service is entirely à la carte, without extra charge.
The surgeon is authorized to make customary charges for treating passengers at their request for any illness not originating on the voyage. In the case of illness contracted on the voyage no charge is made. Medicine is provided free under all circumstances.
Medical Inspection of incoming ocean travelers is required by all countries. Alien immigrants to the United States and Canada are inspected by company doctors before embarking at European ports. Inspection by health authorities at port of entry ordinarily is quickly over.
A regulat service between New York and Mediterranean ports is maintained by the White Star Line. (See also "Cruises" and "White Star Line").
The Megantic of the White Star-Dominion Line; one of the finest steamers carrying cabin passengers by St. Lawrence route to Liverpool. Also carries third class. Gross tonnage 14,878; length, 565 feet; breadth, 67 feet; twin screw. Spacious and attractive public tooms and state rooms in both classes; White Star cuisine and service; ample deck space. Orchestra.
In general use in Continental Europe. An easy guide for exchanging English and American units into metric units is: a litre is about a quart, a metre about a yard, and 500 grams about a pound. The exact equivalents are: 1 litre = 1.0567 liquid quarts (0.908 dty quarts); 1 metre = 39.37 inches; 500 grams = 17.635 ounces. To change miles to kilometres, multiply miles by 0.6.
American Line Ship; New York-Hamburg service; largest steamship carrying third class passengers only. A modern, powerful, attractive ship. Gross tonnage 17,221; length, 646 feet; breadth, 66 feet; triple screws. Attractive public rooms, large deck space, enclosed rooms for six or less. Band. Noted for good food and service. Stewards speak several languages. (See also "Ships").
Atlantic Transport liner, ready for service in May, 1924. A companion ship to the Minnewaska.
Atlantic Transport Line Ship, largest steamer running to London and the only one carrying first class passengers between New York and London direct. New 1923. Gross tonnage 21,700; length, 626 feet; breadth, 80 feet; twin screws; oil burner. Great breadth and large cargoes make this steamer one of the steadiest afloat. All passenger accommodations are in middle third of ship and on four upper decks.
Richly decorated public rooms and staterooms, some en suite with private sitting room and bath. Promenade deck given up entirely to public rooms. Special reception hall for dancing. More deck space per passenger than any steamer afloat. Unique for electrical equipment. Orchestra. Noted for excellent cuisine, service, and solid comfort. First class only. (See also "Ships").
Funds for your trip should be carried in the form of International Mercantile Marine Company Travelers Checks. For reserve funds we recommend our Letters of Credit which will be exchanged into Travelers Checks at any of our offices abroad.
Money Exchanged on Steamers: The purser is prepared to exchange a limited amount of English, Belgian, French or American money at rates that will be advised on application.
Money Paid on Board: Passengers are requested to ask for a receipt on the company's form for any additional passage money, chair or rug hire, or freight charges paid on board. Be careful to supply yourself with a quantity of small change of the country to be entered before entrance, for porters' fees, etc. (See also "Currencies in Europe").
American Line Ship; New York-Hamburg service; gross tonnage 16,638; length, 616 feet; breadth, 65 feet; twin sctews; oil burner; noted for het steadiness. Cuisine unexcelled by any cabin steamer. Attractive public rooms and staterooms, many two-berth and connecting rooms, some with private bath.
All staterooms in the middle third of the steamer and on two upper decks. Band. Third class passengers have enclosed rooms for six or less, their own public tooms and good cuisine. Stewards speak several languages. Popular among German travelers. (See also "Ships").
On the lovely St. Lawrence River route; Canadian terminus of the White Star-Dominion Line's steamers, which run via Quebec to Liverpool. (See also "White Star-Dominion Line," "St. Lawrence River Route").
MOTION PICTURE FILMS
Motion Picture Films are prohibited by government restrictions from being carried as baggage. They should be sent by freight, under special arrangements. Rates quoted.
Motorcycles are carried and for transatlantic ships must be crated, and transported at owner's risk. The tate is $25. The Panama Pacific Line accepts uncrated motorcycles as baggage.
MUSIC ON SHIPBOARD
Nearly all our liners carry orchestras, which play in the dining saloon, on deck, and for dancing. On steamers plying to German ports there are bands. (See also "Concerts at Sea" and "Dancing").
Naples is a terminus of the New York-Boston-Mediterranean service of the White Star Line, which carries passengers in first, second, and third class. It is centrally located for travelers to or from inland points in Italy or southern Europe or other points on the Mediterranean. Steamers on cruises call here, where shore excutsions are arranged. Office, No. 59 Via Guglielmo Sanplice. (See also "White Star Line").
The nautical mile is 15.157 percent longer than the land mile, or 6,080.27 feet. The fathom is equal to 6 feet. The knot is a measurement of speed, a term ordinarily accepted as an equivalent of the nautical mile.
A daily paper is published on the larger ships, giving news of the world as received by radio.
NEW ZEALAND, SERVICES TO
(See "Australia, South Africa and New Zealand ").
The Leyland Line operates two steamers from this port to Liverpool with limited accommodations for first class passengers. Company passenger office, 219 St. Charles Street. (See also "Leyland Line ").
New York is the terminal port for seven of our services to European ports. Ordinarily there are five sailings and five arrivals a week of company steamers, which berth at piers 58 to 62 North River (16th to 22nd Streets). Offices 1 Broadway. (See map of approaches, below).
Approaches to New York Harbor. IMM Ocean Travel, 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e6c78f36a
White Star Line; "the Ship Magnificent." Built by Harland & Wolff, Ltd., Belfast. Second largest of "The Magnificent Trio," plying in the New York-Cherbourg-Southampton service. Gross tonnage, 46,439; length, 883 feet; breadth, 92 feet; triple screws; oil burner.
Features are spacious public rooms and decks, promenade deck glass-enclosed, large number of period suites with ptivate sitting room and bath, large light well-ventilated staterooms, unexcelled cuisine and a special à la carte restaurant, reception room, veranda café, swimming pool, gymnasium, squash court, Turkish and electric baths, elevators.
One of the most popular liners. Orchestra plays daily. Staterooms and public rooms in second and third class are attractive and comfortable. Statrooms in third class all enclosed, for six or less. (See also "Ships").
This engineering wonder of the age is an outstanding sight-seeing feature of the voyage between New York and California by the Panama Pacific Line steamships. At the Atlantic end are the modern city of Cristobal and the older town of Colon; at the Pacific end ate Balboa, Panama City and the picturesque city of old Panama. There is no way in which this 50-mile flowing road between two oceans may be seen to greater advantage than from the deck of one of the Panama Pacific Line steamers. At Balboa passengers can make connections for South American west coast ports.
PANAMA PACIFIC LINE
The company operates a tegular service of passenger steamers between New York and San Francisco via the Panama Canal, calling at Havana westbound and at Los Angeles harbor each way. The passage takes 15 days. Large, comfortable ocean liners are employed—the Finland, 22,250; Kroonland, 22,500; and Manchuria, 27,000 tons displacement. The route is a popular one for travelers to or from the west coast on business or pleasure, as it gives a chance to see the great canal in addition to the charm of the all-water route.
Parcels and bon voyage gifts for passengers should be clearly addressed with name of passenger, ship, pier and sailing date. They will be distributed after sailing.
A passenger must provide himself with a passport of his country. Citizens of the United States should apply to clerk of Federal or State Court having authority to naturalize aliens or in New York, Chicago, Seattle, San Francisco ot New Orleans to a United States passport agent.
All passports must be visaed before sailing by consul of first country to which bearer will proceed, unless he is a citizen of that country. When applying for a United States Passport you must have documentary proof of citizenship; an identifying witness who is a citizen of U. S.; two photographs on thin paper three inches square (or for a family two group pictures); previous passport if issued since January 2, 1918.
If applicant is traveling with his family his passport may include wife and minor children. A son or daughter must have separate passport after attaining twenty-one years. A letter from parent or guardian must accompany application of minor child to leave United States. Younger children may be included in the elder child's application. Wife or children need not appear with husband when making his application for family.
Children's passpotts issued by foreign countries are included in parents' except when children exceed these ages: Great Britain, 16 years; Roumania, 18 years; Gteece, 16 years; Spain, 16 years; Norway, 12 years; Sweden, 16 years. In all countries persons ovet 21 must apply fot passports in their own names.
Children of American citizens over these ages must have sepatate passports if entering the following countries: Denmark, 14 years; Poland (male), 20, (female), 18; Finland, 15; Sweden, 16. Passports are good for 12 months from date of issue. Passengers on our West Indies cruises do not need passports; on the Mediterranean cruises t hey must have passports and visaes from all countries where they will land.
The United States fee for a passport is $10, and many foreign countries make similar charge for passport or visaes. Passport information can be obtained from any company ticket office or agency.
Visaes are required by most countries on foreign passports. These may be obtained at the consulate of the country to be visited in the United States or Canada. If visae of country in which one will disembark has been obtained the others needed may be obtained abroad. It is often more convenient, however, to obtain them at home.
The following do not require visae on passport of American citizen: Belgium, when stay is for less than 3 months; Switzerland, when trip is for other purposes than employment; Holland, when visit does not exceed 8 days.
Protected by their passports, tourists are secure anywhere in Europe.
(See "Boarding Houses").
(See "Animals and Birds").
Perambulators or prams (Baby carriages) are carried as baggage for $5, and should be crated, not boxed. Go-carts, carried by passengers for use on deck at sea, are carried without charge.
Philadelphia is linked with Liverpool and Cobh by a cabin and thitd class service of the White Star Line. The Red Star Line operates third class steamers ftom here to Baltic ports. Office, 1319 Walnut Street.
Facilities are provided on the larger ships for passengers to develop films on board. Dark-room is provided on steamers on cruises and a special photographet carried.
The ships in the North Atlantic trade mentioned in this book berth at the Chelsea Piers, New York, foot of West 16th-22nd Streets; the landing stage at Liverpool; the Southwestern Docks at Southampton; the King George V Docks, London; the Quai du Rhin, Antwerp; or the Ross Quai, Hamburg (after discharging passengers at St. Pauli landing stage). At Queenstown (Cobh), Cherbourg and Plymouth, passengers are landed by tenders. (See also "Tenders").
Play rooms, found on our newer steamers, are delightful places for the children, where happy hours may be spent with toys and story books. A stewardess is in attendance. Playrooms will be found on cabin steamers as well as first class, and the Belgenland has one for second class as well as first.
Eastbound port of call for nine of our steamers. Special boat trains reach London in about five hours. Office, 10 Millbay Road. (See "American Line," "Red Star Line," "White Star Line").
Red Star Line ship for third class passengers only; 8,282 tons gross; length, 490 feet; breadth, 53 feet. Red Star Line cooking adapted to national tastes, and good service. Stewards speak several languages. A homelike and comfortable steamer, for a quiet voyage at extremely moderate rates. (See also "Ships").
Pools on board steamers are of two kinds.
The hat pool consists of drawing 10 numbers from a hat at a stated price per number drawn, the winner being the holder of the number that corresponds to the last figures of the day's tun in miles.
An auction pool is formed by 20 persons, who pay each a fixed sum to draw a number. The 20 numbers are in sequence from say 570 to 590, ot whatever the estimated range of the day's run may be. When drawn, these numbers are auctioned off to the highest bidder, half of the winning bid for each number going to the ownet of the number and half to the pool. Then all numbers above the upper limit, known as the high field, are auctioned collectively, and those below the lower limit, known as the low field. The person holding the actual number for the day's run teceives the entire pool, less any portion set aside for charity.
Porters are found in Europe at hotels, stations, piers, and most public places. Their fees generally are lower than those of porters in the United States, and are regulated by a tariff that may be consulted on request. As a rule the equivalent of 10 cents per grip is ample.
|PORT||CLASSES OF SERVICE|
|Antwerp||First, cabin, second, third|
|Belfast (westbound)||Cabin, third|
|Boston||First, cabin, second, third|
|Cherbourg||First, cabin, second, third|
|Cobh (Queenstown)||First, cabin, second, third|
|Genoa||First, second, third|
|Gibraltar||First, second, third|
|Halifax||First, cabin, second, third|
|Havana||First, second, intermediate and third|
|Liverpool||First, cabin, second, third|
|Los Angeles||First, second, intermediate and third|
|Madeira (Funchal)||First, second, third|
|Naples||First, second, third|
|New York||First, cabin, second, third|
|Plymouth||First, cabin, second, third|
|Ponta Delgada, Azores||First, second, third|
|Portland, ME||Cabin, third|
|San Francisco||First, second, intermediate and third|
|Southampton||First, cabin, second, third|
To most ports there is a sailing evety week; to some more than one. There are three a week to Cherbourg, and five to English ports. Westbound services are operated from all ports named except Plymouth. In addition there are westbound services from Belfast and Glasgow. See individual ports by name.
PORTS IN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA
|PORT||CLASSES OF SERVICE|
|Boston||First, cabin, second, third|
|Halifax||First, cabin, second, third|
|New York||First, cabin, second, third|
|Portland, ME||Cabin, third|
All the above ports are also served direct by westbound services. See individual ports by name.
During the winter the western terminus for the White Star-Dominion Line. The steamers call at Halifax both ways. Excellent rail connections are made to and from Boston, New York, Montreal and Canadian points. Office (open during the winter), 1 India Street. (See also "White Star-Dominion Line ").
(See "Letters," etc.).
Picture cards of the ships usually may be obtained on board gratis.
(See "Tickets ").
The public rooms on shipboard are as follows:
Dining Saloon: The tendency is toward small tables for two, four or six people. Seats at officers' tables are assigned by invitation. Except on the de luxe liners, dinner dress is optional. The orchestra plays during meals. (See "Seats at Table").
Drawing Room: On the larger steamers and the newer cabin ships, in addition to the lounge, for the special use of women. There is a cosy fireplace and tables for letter writing. Smoking is not permitted.
Lounge: The general social hall in each class for games, reading, letter writing and conversation. There is a piano. On the large steamers the lounge is used for dancing and concerts, and on all ships for divine service on Sundays.
Music Room: On the Homeric, is a separate apartment for the use of music-lovers.
Reception Hall and Ballroom: found on the Olympic and Belgenland, adjoins the dining saloon and is used for tea and dancing.
Smoking Room: The gathering place for men. Women sometimes use the toom, but this is not customary. High play and objectionable language are discouraged. (On the Majestic there is a card-room on the promenade deck for the use of bridge enthusiasts and others).
Veranda Cafe: A feature on all the larger steamers. Usually open to the deck, but sheltered from sun and weather. Light refreshments may be had here at all hours. On some ships there are veranda cafes for second class and cabin as well, and on the Belgenland fot third class also.
The purser on ocean liners deals with passengers in matters referring to their quarters, baggage, money, valuables, etc. His assistants teceive telegrams, handle mail and give information. The purser's office is the business office of the ship. (See also "Inquiry Office on Steamers").
The charming heart of old French Canada, is a port of call for the White Star-Dominion Line. Passengers may embark here for Liverpool or disembark westbound. Office, 53 Dalhousie Street. (See "White Star-Dominion Line").
(See "Cobh (Queenstown)").
Comparison of foreign and American Railroad Service is a fruitful theme of conversation among tourists. No steamer trains are run in America. Only one class exists, although extra fare trains and tourist cars attached to through expresses create a distinction in service equivalent to the class distinction on European railroads. Extra fare usually is about 10 percent of tariff rates, while tourist cars are measurably cheaper than standard sleeping cars.
Classes in Europe: In England the economical tourist finds third class plenty good enough (there is no second) except on Sundays and holidays. On the Continent lower than second class is not recommended. On tiver or lake steamers only first class should be considered. Pullman car fares are higher than in America, and these cars are carried only on relatively few trains.
Fares: Due to the exchange value of the dollar, Americans find railroad fares in Europe as a rule cheaper than at home. Restaurant cars are provided on through express trains; or passengers obtain meals at stations where the trains stop. In most European countries the railroads provide excellent basket meals at stations.
Sleeping Cars have compartments for two people. Resetvations must be made, as a rule, several days in advance. On the French railroads a "couchette" or couch can be hired, the traveler providing his own covering.
Steamer Trains are operated from Liverpool, Plymouth and Southampton to London in close connection with the arrivals and departures of transatlantic steamships, direct from the landing place, making fast, non-stop runs as a rule. They are among the best trains in Europe, and average about 50 miles an hour speed. No extra fare is charged. On the longer runs testaurant cars are carried.
Steamer trains leave Cherbourg for Paris after the arrival of steamers from New York, and leave Paris for each sailing of the larger steamers for New York. They are finely equipped, and the meals served in their dining cars are famous.
Tickets: Railroad tickets may be bought through our offices or on steamer. Circular tour tickets were common before the war at greatly reduced cost. They have been revived in Belgium and France and in some other countries.
Children under 3 years travel free in England and on most of the Continent. Half fare is charged for children between 3 and 8 in Belgium, between 3 and 7 in France and Italy, between 4 and 10 in Germany and Holland, between 4 and 12 in Switzerland, and between 3 and 12 in British Isles.
Night travel is to be avoided as a rule. Time Tables for European railroads will be found in Bradshaw's Guide. (See "Guidebooks"). Railroads do not give away time-table folders, as in America, but sell them at a nominal price. Each passenger steamer is supplied monthly with the Consolidated Railroad Guide, containing time-tables of the principal American tailroads. A rack is also kept on board for folders of American roads, which passengers are free to take for their use.
Radiograms are received at the ship's inquiry office for despatch. Ship to ship rate is 16 cents per word; ship to American points 18 cents per word plus land charges to destination; ship to European points 20 cents per word plus land charges and surcharges in some countries. Above rates subject to change and not guaranteed. Address and signature are counted. Code may be used. Some London, Paris and New York hotels bear the charge of reservations by radio. (See also "Cable Messages").
RED STAR LINE
In 1921 the line celebrated 50 years of service between New York and Antwerp. It operates both high class liners carrying first, second and third class passengers, and a cabin service with ships carrying also third class.
Red Star Line ships call at Plymouth and Cherbourg eastbound and at Southampton, Cherbourg and Halifax westbound. Third class steamers ply from Philadelphia and New York to Danzig and Baltic ports. Sailings from New York and Antwerp Thursdays, from Southampton and Cherbourg Fridays.
|Belgenland||27 132||N. Y. to Antwerp|
|Lapland||18,565||N. Y. to Antwerp|
|Zeeland||11,667||N. Y. to Antwerp|
|Samland||9,748||N. Y., Antwerp and Baltic Ports|
|Gothland||7,660||N. Y., Antwerp and Baltic Ports|
|Poland||8,282||N. Y., Antwerp and Baltic Ports|
RESERVATION OF STATEROOMS
White Star-Dominion Line ships; Montreal-Liverpool service; sister ship to the Doric and Pittsburgh, specially built since the war for the cabin service; also carries third class. Gross tonnage, 16,450; length, 601 feet; breadth, 68 feet. Remarkably steady. Has same features as sister ships including suites, gymnasium, children's playroom, broad decks. White Star Line service and cuisine. Orchestra. Third class passengers have own public rooms and deck space, good food and service; enclosed staterooms for six or less.
Restaurants are maintained on the Majestic and Olympic in addition to the dining saloon. Passengers make their own selection of dishes and hours. Passengers desiring to take all meals in the restaurant may book passage at a teduction of £5 ($24) per adult, except on rates of £78 ($360) per adult and upward the allowance will be £7 ($32) per adult.
Ala carte meals may be had for as little as 5s for breakfast, 7s, 6d. for luncheon, and 20s for dinner. The restaurant is open from 8 A. M. to 11 P. M., and extension of time may be made for late supper. Passengers who before sailing have not booked for meals in the testaurant may do so on notice to the purser within 24 hours after sailing, and secure rebate, providing the restaurant is not fully booked. Or, passengers who have booked for meals in the regular dining saloon may take occasional meals in the restaurant at fixed charges, if there is room available.
Connected with the Majestic's restaurant is a palm court, in which light refreshments are served. On the Belgenland restaurant service has replaced the dining room table d'hôte, without extra charge.
(See "Accommodations ").
Company steamers from Philadelphia and New York carry third class passengers to and from Danzig, Riga and Libau. A hotel for travelers, the "Oceanic," is maintained by the White Star and associated lines at Riga, which is a clearing point for travelers from Russia, going forward either by steamer to England or train for Hamburg or Cherbourg, to connect with company steamers for America. (See also "Red Star Line " and "White Star Line").
Routes to Europe of Lines Described in This Brochure. IMM Ocean Travel, 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e6d3801c9
Rugs can be hired from the deck steward at $1.50 each for the voyage. They are sterilized after each voyage. It is unnecessary to carry your own steamer rug unless wanted on European railroads. The owner's name should be securely sewn on the rug.
The popular St. Lawrence River route. IMM Ocean Travel, 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e6d71b4de
ST. LAWRENCE RIVER ROUTE
The popular St. Lawrence River route of the White Star-Dominion Line from Montreal and Quebec to Liverpool, with a voyage of 1,000 miles through the beautiful valley and gulf of the St. Lawrence and only four days in the open sea, is recommended to all lovers of the picturesque. (See also "White Star-Dominion Line" and map, above).
Red Star Line; a comfortable steamer carrying third class only. Gross tonnage, 9,748; length. 505 feet; breadth, 58 feet; twin screws. Red Star Line food and service. Stewards speak several languages. Public rooms attractive. Entire deck space given to third class passengers, allowing greater freedom than where other classes also are carried.
San Francisco, chief port of California, and gateway to one of the most beautiful sections of North America, is the western terminus of the Panama Pacific Line between New York and California, calling at Havana, the Panama Canal and Los Angeles Harbor. An all-water trip between California and Europe may be booked by the Panama Pacific Line connecting with company lines at New York to principal ports of Europe. Office, 550 Market Street. (See also "Panama Pacific Line").
Seasickness is uncommon on our large and steady steamers. Advice to those subject to this ailment: keep out on deck, get all possible fresh air and exercise and eat regularly. Avoid so-called "cures."
SEATS AT TABLE
Seats at the dining table may be reserved with t he second steward immediately after sailing. Usually for the first meal passengers occupy any available seat, definite assignments being made for the second and subsequent meals. Children are not entitled to seats at table in the saloon unless full fare is paid. Seats at officers' tables are assigned by invitation.
The captain's table comes first socially. Old travelers often favor the purser's or the doctor's table. On the Belgenland first cabin passengers choose their own places , as the service is à la carte.
For its very moderate cost second class offers many comforts. The minimum rate to Europe is $120. Practically all the creature comforts of first class are enjoyed and extra expenses are avoided. Dress is less formal. Second class passengers have a full set of commodious public rooms and large deck space. On the new Belgenland they have in addition a veranda Café for dancing, gymnasium and a playroom for children.
SEASONS FOR TRAVEL
Tourist seasons for travel in Europe are summer for the British Isles and the Continent, late winter and early spring for the Mediterranean resorts, and winter for Egypt. Switzerland's winter sports create a local winter season. In America winter resorts are Florida and Southern California, with the northern and Canadian resorts for winter sports. The northern resorts in the United States are most popular in summer. Experienced travelers often prefer to travel in Europe "out of season" when there is a choice of steamer and of hotel accommodation. Crowds are avoided and tates are lower. Winter climate in most of Europe is milder than in the United States.
Servents accompanying first class passengers are charged at tariff rates if they are to have access to first class accommodations. On the express steamers there is a special dining saloon for maids and valets accompanying first class passengers.
|Adriatic||White Star Line||New York-Liverpool|
|Arabic||White Star Line||New York-Naples, Genoa|
|Baltic||White Star Line||New York-Liverpool|
|Belgenland||Red Star Line||New York-Antwerp|
|Canopic||White Star||New York-Hamburg|
|Cedric||White Star||New York-Liverpool|
|Celtic||White Star||New York-Liverpool|
|Ceramic||White Star||Liverpool-Australia via Capetown|
|Corinthic||White Star||Southampton-New Zealand|
|Finland||Panama Pacific||New Yotk-California|
|Gothland||Red Star||New York-Antwerp|
|Homeric||White Star||New York-Southampton|
|Ionic||White Star||Southampton-New Zealand|
|Kroonland||Panama Pacific||New York-California|
|Lapland||Red Star||New York-Antwerp|
|Manchuria||Panama Pacific||New York-California|
|Majestic||White Star||New York-Southampton|
|Medic||White Star||Liverpool-Australia via Capetown|
|Minnetonka||Atlantic Transport||New York-London|
|Minnewaska||Atlantic Transport||New Yotk-London|
|Olympic||White Star||New York-Southampton|
|Persic||White Star||Liverpool-Australia via Capetown|
|Pittsburgh||White Star||New York-Hamburg|
|Poland||Red Star||New York-Danzig|
|Runic||White Star||Liverpool-Australia via Capetown|
|Samland||Red Star||New York-Antwerp|
|Suevic||White Star||Liverpool-Australia via Capetown|
|Zeeland||Red Star||New York-Antwerp|
Smoking is forbidden in the dining saloon. There is a smoking room and smoking is also permitted on deck. (See also "Public Rooms ").
On company steamers passengers may buy souvenirs and needed small articles. The barbers are authorized to carry these for sale. On the express liners there is a specialty shop offering among other things toilet articles, smoking implements, minor articles of wearing apparel, novels, stationery, games, books and confectionery.
SOUTH AFRICA, services to
(See "Australia, South Africa and New Zealand ").
On many voyages a field day is arranged, with sack races, potato taces and other amusing contests. Boxing, handball and medicine ball are possible on most ships. The Olympic has squash courts. (See also "Games" and "Baths").
Squash courts are provided on the Olympic. A small charge is made for use and rental of racquets. Make teservations through steward in charge.
Representative Staterooms: Single Stateroom (Above Left); Double Stateroom (Above Right); and a 4-Berth Room (Bottom Left). IMM Ocean Travel, 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e6d7dbdbd
Staterooms are for one, two, three or more people. Many have connecting private bath and sitting room. On the express steamers there is running hot and cold water in all rooms in first class, and on some ships also in second class. Baths are conveniently located in all steamers and in all classes.
Electric lights are in all rooms, and all are heated by steam or electricity and have closet room. Electric bells summon steward or stewardess. Beds have replaced berths on newer ships. Outside rooms are lighted by ports or windows. Mechanical ventilation is employed for inside rooms. (See also "Keys" and "Baggage").
Not all outside rooms are preferable to a well chosen inside room, nor are promenade deck rooms always preferable to those on a lower deck. Experienced travelers often choose rooms on a lower deck because they are quieter than the promenade deck rooms. Good interior ventilation on our steamers leaves little advantage in this respect in outside tooms.
STEAMER TRAVEL IN EUROPE
Regular lines of steamers connect ports on the Irish Sea, the English Channel, the North Sea, time Baltic and the Mediterranean. The large rivers and lakes also have steamer services.
Principal Irish Sea routes: Cork, Dublin and Belfast to Bristol, Holyhead. Liverpool and Glasgow. There is also a short sea route between Stranraer and Larhe, for Belfast.
Cross Channel routes: Southampton to Havre, Southampton to Channel Islands, New Haven to Dieppe, Folkstone to Boulogne and Flushing, Dover to Calais, London to Antwerp and Rotterdam, Harwich to Antwerp and Hook of Holland, Harwich to Zeebrugge.
North sea routes connect London, Grimsby, Hull, Newcastle, Leith and Aberdeen with ports in Belgium, Holland, Germany, Denmark, Russia, and Scandinavian countries.
Principal Mediterranean routes: Marseilles to Algiers and North African ports; Naples, Genoa, Venice and Brindisi to Alexandria, Port Said and eastern Mediterranean.
On ocean liners the rooms and tables are in charge of the chief steward's staff. The chief steward is housekeeper of the ship, and has direct care of his passengers' comfort. Seats at table are assigned by the second steward, who will also arrange private dinner parties, or order special dishes, on request.
Your table steward waits on you regularly, from the second meal of a voyage (except in restaurant service). Your room steward is like a personal attendant, and like the table steward can do much to contribute to the pleasure of your trip.
Lounge stewards, smoking room stewards and deck stewards also have frequent contact with passengers. On the larger ships there are special stewards for library, gymnasium and swimming bath service. (See also "Purser")
STENOGRAPHER AND TYPIST
A stenographer and typist is carried on the larger liners, whose services may be employed at fixed rates.
Divine service is held every Sunday forenoon, usually in the lounge. The usual form is that of the Church of England, a ship's officer conducting the service. Complete altar equipment is provided for the celebration of the Holy Mass by Roman Catholic priests who may travel on company ships.
SWIMMING POOLS ON DECK
Panama Pacific Line ships are equipped with swimming pools on deck for the use of passengers in all classes. (See also "Baths").
Taxes paid by ocean travelers:
There is a stamp tax on tickets issued in the United States of
- $1.00 on tickets costing from $10.00 to $30.00;
- $3.00 on tickets from $30.00 to $60.00 and
- $5.00 on those over $60.00.
Canada assesses a similar tax of
- $1.00 on tickets costing from $10.00 to $40.00;
- $3.00 on those from $40.00 to $65.00; and
- $5.00 on all over $65.00.
A Head Tax of $8.00 is assessed on aliens entering the United States, payable when a ticket is purchased. This can be recovered if notice is given the United States Immigration Inspector at port of entry of intention to leave the country within 60 days. Transit Certificate Form 514 is issued to the passenger by an inspector, which if presented to the purser on any steamer leaving within 60 days of traveler's arrival will be exchanged for refund.
(See "Meals ").
(See "Letters," etc.).
Tenders are employed at some European ports to land and embark passengers. These are large steamers with cabins. (See also "Landing Arrangements").
On eastbound ships the clocks are put forward half an hour or more every night at midnight, the amount of change being indicated on a bulletin board. On westbound ships the clocks are set back.
Time at Sea is divided into watches marked by bells every half hour, for eight hours. One bell is 12.30 A. M., two bells 1 o'clock, 3 bells 1.30, four bells 2.00, five bells 2.3Q, six bells 3.00, seven bells 3.30 and eight bells 4 o'clock, and repeat around the clock.
Difference in time between New York and London is exactly five hours, it being 5 o'clock P. M. in London when 12 noon in New York. Time varies three hours on the American Continent from coast to coast.
In summer daylight lasts longer in northern Europe than in the United States and Canada, while winter days are shorter. Official tailway time on the Continent is based on a 24-hour day, commencing at midnight.
On time tables 8 o'clock means 8 A. M., 8 P. M. is shown as 20 o'clock. Arrivals between midnight and 1 A. M. are shown as 24.35; train departures as 0.35. In conversation one refers to the usual markings of the clock, as 2 P. M. instead of 14 o'clock.
Our lines have introduced notable comforts in third class. The open steerage has been replaced by enclosed rooms for two, four and six people. Some new steamers were built specially to carry only third class.
Third class now has its public rooms, including lounge and smoking room. The Belgenland has also a third class verandah cafe. Cooking is good and suited to different nationalities, including special cooking for Jewish passengers. Stewards speak several languages and every steamer carries an intetpreter. Ample deck space is provided.
Cost of passage is moderate. Through bookings may be made over connecting railroads to any point in Europe from any point in the United States or Canada, or vice versa. Water connections are made at Southampton for Scandinavian countries and Baltic ports.
The company maintains large hotels for third class passengers at Cherbourg, Antwerp, Southampton and Liverpool. A strong organization in Europe, with representatives in all towns of importance, enables the lines issuing this book to offer the best facilities for the prompt forwarding of third class travelers from inland European points. Special attention is given to forwarding the holders of prepaid tickets bought in America. (See also "Tickets,").
Ticket offices of the American, Atlantic Transport, Leyland, Panama Pacific, Red Star, White Star and White Star-Dominion Lines:
|New York||1 Broadway|
|Atlanta||Poplar and Forsyth Sts.|
|Baltimore||308 N. Charles Street|
|Boston||84 State Street|
|Calgary, Alta||Land Building|
|Chicago||127 S. State Street|
|Cleveland, 0H||Swetland Bldg., Euclid Avenue|
|Dallas||Cotton Exchange Building|
|Galveston||Cotton Exchange Building|
|Halifax||93 Hollis Street|
|Los Angeles||Fifth and Spring Streets|
|Minneapolis||121 S. Third Street|
|Mobile||Water and St. Francis Street|
|Norfolk||Flat Iron Building|
|New Orleans||219 St. Charles Stteet|
|Philadelphia||1319 Walnut Street|
|Pittsburgh||338 Sixth Avenue|
|Portland, ME||1 India Street|
|Quebec||53 Dalhousie Street|
|St. John, N. B.||108 Prince William Street|
|St. Louis||1101 Locust Street|
|San Francisco||550 Market Street|
|Seattle||619 Second Avenue|
|Toronto||41 King Street, East|
|Washington||1208 F. Street, N.W.|
|Winnipeg||286 Main Street|
|City||Agency and Address|
|Antwerp|| 22 Rue des Peignes;
F. Van den Abeele, 19 Rue des Tanneurs
|Basle||Kaiser & Co.. 58 Elizabethenstrasse,
J. I. Oberstes & Co., 28 Heschengraben and 11 Centralbahnplatz
|Belfast||Whiting & Tedford, 31-33 Victoria St.|
|Belgrade|| 95 Karagiovgieva Ulica,
3 Nemanjina Ulica
|Berlin||Al. Peters, 14 Untet den Linden, 24 Georgenstrasse|
|Brussels||V Bull, 26 Place de Brouckère|
|Bucharest||N. Bruck & Co., 12 Str. Satindar.
1 Str. S. F. Vineri
|Budapest||A. Grilbits, VII Barosstet, 15|
|Cherbourg||A. Lanièce & Fits, 32 Quai Alexandre III|
|Cobh (Queenstown)||Scott & Son|
|Cologne||H. Lindemann, 2 Domkloster|
|Danzig|| 31-32 Topfergasse
American Travel Office, 4 Melzergasse
|Genoa||59 Guglielmo Sanplice|
|Hamburg|| 39 Alsterdamm
Falk & Co., 18 Glockengiesserwall
|Libau|| American Travel Office, 11-13 Grossestrasse;
|Liverpool||30, James Street|
|Ljubljana||41a Kolovorska Ulica|
|London||1 Cockspur St., S. W. 38 Leadenhall St., E. C. 3|
|Moscow||4 Teatralnaja Ploschad|
|Munich||C Bierschenk, 8 Karlplatz|
|Naples||21 Piazza della Borsa|
|Paris||American Travel and Transport Agency, 9 Rue Scribe|
|Petrograd|| Bergenske Baltic Transports Ltd.,
Wassiljewske Ostrow, 5th Line, No 2.
|Plymouth||Weeks, Phillips & Co., 10 Millbay Rd.|
|Prague||L. Pacak, Spalena ul. c. 4 66 Vaclayske Namesti|
|Reval||9 Jaani Tanav|
|Riga|| 1 Grosse Sandstrasse,
American Travel Office, 1 Kaufstrasse
|Rome||French, Lemon & Co., Piazza di Spagna|
|Strasbourg||A Schleiffer, 19 Rue Wimpfeling|
|Vienna|| 4 Karntnerring, I.
8 Wiedner Gurtel, IV.
|Warsaw|| M G. Freudberg, 137 Marszalowska,
|Zagreb||Trg. 1, br. 15|
Tickets for ocean passage are issued when accommodations have been paid for in full. It is usually advisable to purchase return portion of ticket before sailing. Tickets are examined at pier before embarkation and are collected at sea.
If a ticket is lost before sailing report the loss to the office or agency through which it was purchased, or if lost on steamer, to purser.
Return Tickets may be purchased on the outward voyage from purser or passenger department representative on board.
Prepaid Tickets can be purchased at any company office in the United States or Canada and mailed to Europe. They are good for one year. A large and strong passenger organization in European countries enables the lines mentioned in this book to forward passengers traveling on prepaid tickets with all possible promptness. Parties are accompanied to the nearest seaport by special conductors employed by our lines. In cases where numbers warrant, special trains are provided. (See also "Ticket Offices").
Tours to Europe by our steamers are often arranged by tourist agencies. Passengers willing to follow a prescribed schedule may make a tour at moderate expense and with little trouble. Officials of the company often conduct parties of third class passengers to and from Europe. The White Star Line organizes tours of Canada for Europeans.
(See "Railroad Travel").
Issued by the Intetnational Mercantile Marine Company, through its offices and agencies, in denominations of $10, $20, $50 and $100, compactly bound in wallets ready for use. They are safe and economical, the cost being only one-half of one percent (50 cents) for $100. They are cashable anywhere, at railroad stations, hotels, banks and shops. We recommend these checks as the ideal medium for carrying money when traveling. If stolen, they cannot be used by the thief, as two signatures of the buyer are necessary to make them valid—one written on the face at time of purchase, the other on the back when cashed.
UNIFORMS OF OFFICERS, ETC.
The rank of an officer on shipboard is shown by bands on his sleeve or by shoulder straps on white summer uniform. In the American Line officers wear a star above the stripes, except the chief engineer, who has a propeller.
The commander has a gold embroidered peak on his cap and four broad gold sleeve stripes.
The chief engineer has the same number of gold sleeve stripes. In the Red Star and White Star Lines engineers are distinguished by purple bands between the gold.
The chief officer and second engineer have each three broad gold stripes, the second officer and third engineer two each, and the third officer and fourth engineer one each.
The junior officers and engineers have a single narrow gold stripe.
The senior purser of the line has three narrow gold stripes with white stripes between. The purser has two with a single white stripe between, and the assistant purser a single gold stripe with white stripe above.
The chief steward has two broad broken gold stripes and the second steward a single broken stripe. Other members of the steward's department have their rank embroidered on jacket collar.
The surgeon has two gold stripes with scarlet between on the American and Red Star Lines; on the White Star Line the junior surgeon has this marking, and the seniot surgeon three gold stripes with scarlet between.
Passengers are urged to protect themselves against loss of valuables by insurance. A safe is provided in the purser's office in which money, jewelry, documents and other valuables may be deposited for safekeeping. The purser will issue a deposit receipt.
White Star-Dominion Line ship; specially built since the war to carry third class passengers only. Gross tonnage, 9,302; length, 481 feet; breadth, 58 feet; twin screw. Enclosed staterooms for six or less, attractive public rooms, and entire deck space given to third class, thus allowing greater freedom than where other classes are also carried, White Star Line cuisine and service. A third class ship de luxe.
Ventilation, both direct and indirect, is provided by special equipment in all passenger accommodations. Electric fans are supplied in summer to all staterooms in first and second class and on cabin ships.
(See "Public Rooms").
Water for drinking served on our steamers is distilled and safe. Many prefer to drink bottled water, obtainable on board, and this is strongly recommended on the Continent.
WHITE STAR-DOMINION LINE
Its ships follow the picturesque St. Lawrence River route from Montreal and Quebec en route to Liverpool. They include the largest steamers ascending the St. Lawrence. During the winter the steamers in this service sail from Portland, Me., via Halifax, both east and westbound. Montreal office, McGill Building.
|Canada||9,472||Cabin and third class|
|Doric||16,500||Cabin and third class|
|Megantic||14,878||Cabin and third class|
|Regina||16,450||Cabin and third class|
WHITE STAR LINE
Famous for the comfort of its large steamers to the principal ports of Europe and from Europe to Australasia. The line has offices with trained staffs in all countries of Europe including Russia.
Services and Steamers
Every Saturday from New York; Wednesdays from Southampton and Cherbourg. Passengers carried in first, second and third class.
"The Magnificent Trio"
- Majestic (the world's largest ship) 56,551 tons
- Olympic 46,439 tons
- Hometic 34,356 tons
From New York and Liverpool every Saturday. Passengers in first, second and third class.
"The Big Four"
- Adriatic 24,541 tons
- Baltic 23,884 tons
- Cedric 21,073 tons
- Celtic 21,026 tons
From New York Tuesdays, Boston Wednesdays, Genoa Saturdays. Passengers carried in first, second and third class.
- Arabic 16,786 tons
NEW YORK-CHERBOURG-SOUTHAMPTON-HAMBURG (Westbound via Halifax).
Joint Service with American Line. From Hamburg Mondays and Thursdays; from New York Thursdays. Passengers in cabin and third class.
- Pittsburgh 16,322 tons
- Canopic 12,268 tons
PHILADELPHIA-COBH-LIVERPOOL (Westbound via Boston)
From Philadelphia Saturdays, Liverpool Wednesdays; carrying cabin and third class.
- Haverford 11,635 tons
England to New Zealand, via Panama Canal,
carrying first, second and third class passengers
- Corinthic 12,366 tons
- Athenic 12,366 tons
- Ionic 12,352 tons
England to Australia via Capetown, carrying cabin
- Ceramic 18,495 tons
- Runic 12,663 tons
- Suevic 12,686 tons
- Medic 12,222 tons
- Persic 12,221 tons
Leyland Line; a popular cabin liner plying between Boston and Liverpool. Gross tonnage, 10,422; length, 566 feet; breadth, 69 feet. All staterooms are in middle of ship and on two upper decks. Unusually steady; broad decks. One of the most popular low-priced cabin steamers, giving high return for fare in a comfortable, quiet voyage. Well-known to thousands of travelers. No third class carried. (See also "Ships").
Writing materials are supplied on all steamers. Desks are in the writing room and lounge.
Red Star Line cabin steamer, carrying third class also, between New York and Antwerp. Well-known as a steady sea-boat and for good cooking and service. Gross tonnage, 11,667; length, 580 feet; breadth, 69 feet; twin screws; oil burner; comfortable, homelike and attractive public rooms. Connecting staterooms for families, some with private bath. Many two-berth tooms. Red Star Line cuisine and service. Stewards speak several languages. Orchestra. Passengers in third class have comfortable accommodations, with own set of public rooms and deck space.
I.M.M Travelers Checks - 1924 Advertisement
Put your travel funds into
I. M. M.
GOOD EVERYWHERE SAFE
Because the owner's endorsement, made in the presence of the payer, corresponding with owner's signature already on the face of the International Mercantile Marine Travelers Checks, prevents misuse.
Because hundreds of thousands of voyagers the world over have used International Mercantile Marine Travelers Checks with the greatest satisfaction.
Because our world-wide services and connections have made International Mercantile Marine Travelers Checks so familiar that hotels, shops, banks, etc., evetywhere accept them readily at full value.
Because International Mercantile Marine Travelers Checks are in $10, $20, $50 and $100 denominations, compactly bound in wallets, ready for instant use.
Because Intetnational Mercantile Marine Travelers Checks are issued at a cost of only one-half of one per cent-50 cents on each $100.
LETTER OF CREDIT
For Reserve Funds we recommend our Letter of Credit payable at our principal offices abroad in our Travelers Checks.
- AMERICAN LINE
- LEYLAND LINE
- RED STAR LINE
- WHITE STAR LINE
- ATLANTIC TRANSPORT LINE
- WHITE STAR-DOMINION LINE
No. 1 Broadway. New York
And all company offices and agents
THE LINES MENTIONED IN THIS BOOK OPERATE FOURTEEN SHIPS OF THIS TYPE IN THE TRANSATLANTIC TRADE. FARES RANGE FROM $115 UPWARD. (See "Cabin Ships,")
- Title: What to know about Ocean Travel
- Author: W. L Copeland, Agent for International Mercantile Marine Company
- Published by: IMM, New York, 1924
- Number of Pages: 72
- Dimensions: 8.3 x 13.4 cm
- Illustrations: Approx. 48