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Across the Atlantic - Hamburg American Line - 1905

Front Cover, Across the Atlantic -- Hamburg-American Line, 1905.

Front Cover, Across the Atlantic -- Hamburg-American Line, 1905. GGA Image ID # 1bb6799ed6

Across The Atlantic: Photographic Record of the Hamburg-America Line Company's Various Types of Steamers Comprised in the Transatlantic Passenger Services. Although small in size, this 80-page booklet/brochure from 1905 provides an excellent record of the steamships and services of the Transatlantic Fleet of the Hamburg America Line.

Historical Notes

The HAMBURG-AMERICAN LINE, established on May 27, 1847, is the oldest of the German lines. The Company began with a capital of only $112,000. From this insignificant beginning, it has grown to such magnitude that today, the Company's fleet comprises 331 vessels, of which number 149 are large transatlantic steamers with a total tonnage of 764,551 tons.

Edward Burroughs Stood Apart and Listened and Looked.

Edward Burroughs Stood Apart and Listened and Looked. GGA Image ID # 1bb75e8b05

At first, the entire fleet consisted of three sailing vessels, of which one named the " Deutschland" was the first to make the trip from Hamburg to New York under the Company's flag. She was a square-rigged three-master of about 717 tons.

Steam power was adopted in 1855 when the Company contracted for its first two steamships. These entered the service in 1856 and maintained a monthly service between Europe and the United States.

This new service by steam vessels proved so successful that frequent additions to the fleet became necessary. They disposed of the sailing vessels, and by 1867 the Company's service was operated by ten large transatlantic steamers: They also owned numerous smaller craft, a costly dry dock, and valuable real estate holdings.

The Hamburg America Line Piers at Hoboken New Jersey.

The Hamburg America Line Piers at Hoboken New Jersey. GGA Image ID # 1bb6c4ec25

A weekly service to New York was established in 1872, and the operations of the line extended to the West Indies, Mexico, and the Spanish Main. The fleet numbered twenty-five steamships.

During the last twenty-five years, the company's most significant strides were made by several splendid twin-screw ships, both for the passenger and the freight service, being constructed, which have won the line a worldwide reputation.

New vessels constantly supplanted the old ships, and by thus keeping their fleet up to date, they can today boast that despite a large number of vessels owned, the average age of each ship is only seven years seven months.

Officers of the Hamburg American Line on Watch.

Officers of the Hamburg American Line on Watch. GGA Image ID # 1bb77eb678

In recent years, the growing traffic demands encouraged the Company to extend its lines to many parts of the world. Substantial additions to the fleet became necessary to maintain these numerous services.

Now no less than forty-nine different services, reaching nearly every part of the globe, either direct or by a connection made with other lines, are maintained; One will find a list of the various lines on this page. The different passenger services are also referred to more particularly on succeeding pages.

The fleetest vessel owned by the Company is the superb "Deutschland," which was put into commission in 1901. On her very first crossing, she surpassed all expectations with her marvelous speed performance and held the world's record for time across the Atlantic.

She has made the trip from New York to Plymouth in 5 days, 7 hours, and 38 minutes, maintained an average speed of 23.51 knots per hour on a voyage across, and covered in one day a distance of 601 knots-692 statute miles.

Her equipment embodies the utmost luxury of travel. Compare the "Deutschland" of 1847 with that of 1904—and witness the tremendous progress of marine construction.

The demand for a type of steamer specially adapted to summer and winter cruises was realized in the " Prinzessin Victoria Luise," combining the gracefulness of a yacht with the dimensions of an ocean steamer.

Built expressly for the pleasure cruises of this Company, she attains the highest standards of perfection, combining elegance and comfort to the highest degree.

Since the inauguration of these summer and winter cruises more than a decade ago, the line has constantly added new and inviting points of destination. It has profited from its comprehensive experience in the conduct of such tours.

In 1904, the HAMBURG-AMERICAN LINE went further by placing in commission a second cruising steamer, the "Meteor," which is exclusively devoted to pleasure cruises.

In this new enterprise, the chief object of the Company has been to place at the disposal of the traveling public a vessel, which, without in any way diminishing the comfort invariably offered by the HAMBURG-AMERICAN LINE to its passengers, will yet, in consequence of her type of build and somewhat simpler fittings, decrease the expenses of working and maintenance, and thus enable the Company to reduce to a minimum the fares for cruises by the "Meteor."

This year the tourist business of the Company has been extended to tours on land. The well-known tourist agency of Carl Stangen, with headquarters in Berlin, was acquired by the HAMBURG-AMERICAN LINE on January 1, 1605. With the facilities of this splendid tourist organization, the Company will be in a position to book tourists to any part of the world.

While the Company is continually building several vessels, two ships deserve special mention, the "America" and " Kaiserin Auguste Victoria." The former will enter the New York service in October 1905, and the latter will be added to the fleet in 1906.

They will be vessels of 22,500 tons and 25,000 tons gross register, respectively, having a displacement of about 40,000 tons, and are planned to be the highest type of passenger and freight vessel ever built—great promenade decks, large cabins with lower berths only, grand combinations of suites, and in addition to the grand saloon, a perfectly equipped restaurant, à la carte.

HAPAG Officers on Watch.

HAPAG Officers on Watch. GGA Image ID # 1bb78514d6

They will also have a gymnasium, Turkish and electric baths, and last but not least, passenger elevators running through five decks. The speed of these ships will be about 17 knots per hour so that leaving New York, for instance, on Thursdays, passengers would land in England and France on Friday, and in Hamburg on Saturday of the following week.

It is to be noted, in conclusion, that the successful development of the HAMBURG-AMERICAN LINE has been due to its initiative and enterprise.

Excepting a small subsidy temporarily received for the Eastern Mail Service, the Company has participated in no government allowances. They withdrew their subsidized mail steamers from the Eastern service about two years ago.

Therefore, the progress of the Company has not been due to any degree of government assistance; but it is the result of able, energetic, and sound business management.

Leviathans of the Deep

There seems to be no limit to the possibilities of development in shipbuilding. This is exemplified in the great vessels constantly being added to the fleet of the Hamburg America Line. The latest notable addition is the new and gigantic twin-screw steamship " America."

The " America" includes many novel and delightful features previously found only in the finest hotels. A restaurant, à la carte, conducted by a prominent restaurateur, enables one to follow his pleasure as to diet and entertain his friends at will. Modern passenger elevators obviate the necessity of stair-climbing.

The large staterooms provided with lower berths are so roomy and comfortable, making the term " stateroom " seem hardly appropriate. Great stretches of the deck allow invigorating promenades. Turkish baths and other metropolitan luxuries are provided. In short, the vessel appears more than a superb floating hotel -- it is a floating city.

A glance at this colossal vessel would inevitably impress the mind with her ponderous size and stately lines. However, it isn't easy to convey such an impression adequately by mere descriptive and statistical statements.

A word as to dimensions may prove interesting. The " America " is 700 feet long, 74 feet broad, and 53 feet deep, while her displacement is about 35,000 tons, and her cargo capacity is 16,000 tons. In the construction course, a sister ship, the " Kaiserin Auguste Victoria," is 705 feet long, 77 feet broad, and 54 feet deep, with a displacement of about 40.00o tons and a carrying capacity of 16,000 tons.

Passage to Plymouth and Cherbourg occupies about seven and one-half days, and to Hamburg nine days. These vessels will accommodate approximately 3,589 passengers. Provision is made for 600 first-class, 300 second-class, and 250 third-class passengers, while the ship will accommodate 2,439 in the steerage.

SS Deutschland

SS Deutschland in the Open Seas.

SS Deutschland in the Open Seas. GGA Image ID # 1bb79463bb

From New York to Plymouth (London), Cherbourg (Paris), and Hamburg, and from Hamburg via Dover (London), Cherbourg (Paris) to New York.

For those desiring to cross the Atlantic as quickly as possible and with the most significant degree of comfort and luxury, there can be no better choice than the great flyer of the Express Service.

When the magnificent "Deutschland" was constructed, the contract demanded that she should excel all other vessels in the world, particularly in point of speed. No expense was spared to attain the ideals in view.

The enormous size of the vessel is indicated by the following dimensions, length, 686 1/2 feet; width, 67 feet; and depth, 44 feet. The displacement of this steamship is 23,000 tons. The Deutschland's bronze twin screws are 23 feet in diameter. Her engines develop 37,500 horse-power.

The "Deutschland," which holds the world record for time across the Atlantic, shows how well the ship attained the standard to speed. She has made the trip from New York to Plymouth in 5 days, 7 hours, and 35 minutes. She has maintained an average hourly speed of 23.51 knots for 3,082 knots -- a record that stands alone and stamps the "Deutschland" as preeminently the "greyhound" of the seas! On one of her trips, 601 knots-692 statute miles -- were covered in one day.

Other notable vessels assigned to this service are the well-known Twin-Screw Steamers "America" and "Kaiserin Auguste Victoria," which are constructed according to the most modern plans of marine architecture and affording to the traveling public every comfort and luxury.

While the "Deutschland" crosses in less than six days to England and France and less than seven days to Hamburg, the voyage of the other vessels of this service is about a day and a half longer.

Cupola and Main Saloon of the SS Deutschland.

Cupola and Main Saloon of the SS Deutschland. GGA Image ID # 1bb7b042bb

Main Saloon of the SS Deutschland.

Main Saloon of the SS Deutschland. GGA Image ID # 1bb7f2049c

Ladies' Parlor of the SS Deutschland.

Ladies' Parlor of the SS Deutschland. GGA Image ID # 1bb822362c

Partial View of Drawing Room on the SS Deutschland.

Partial View of Drawing Room on the SS Deutschland. GGA Image ID # 1bb846c8a2

Companionway on the SS Deutschland.

Companionway on the SS Deutschland. GGA Image ID # 1bb85f5d77

Smoking Room on the SS Deutschland.

Smoking Room on the SS Deutschland. GGA Image ID # 1bb88038e4

Grill Room on the SS Deutshcland.

Grill Room on the SS Deutshcland. GGA Image ID # 1bb8e12e89

Second Cabin Ladies' Parlor on the SS Deutschland.

Second Cabin Ladies' Parlor on the SS Deutschland. GGA Image ID # 1bb8eb9691

Second Cabin Smoking Room on the SS Deutschland.

Second Cabin Smoking Room on the SS Deutschland. GGA Image ID # 1bb9a39794

SS Moltke and SS Blücher (Bluecher)

The SS Moltke and SS Blücher (Bluecher) of the Hamburg-American Line.

The SS Moltke and SS Blücher (Bluecher) of the Hamburg-American Line. GGA Image ID # 1bba32ea46

SS Moltke Fast Facts

Launch: 1901 Hamburg-American Line

Built by: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg, Germany.

Tonnage: 12,335. Dimensions: 525' x 62' (550' Overall Length).

Propulsion: Twin-screw 1634 knots. Quadruple expansion engines.

Masts and Funnels: Two masts and two funnels.

Passengers: 390 first, 230 second, 550 third.

Built for: Far East service.

Maiden voyage: Hamburg- Plymouth-New York, February 9, 1902.

Transferred to: Genoa-Naples-New York route in 1906. Made a number of North Atlantic sailings.

Renamed: Pesaro (1915) Italian Government. In 1919 was placed in the service of Lloyd Sabaudo.

Scrapped: 1926.

Sister ship: Bluecher.

SS Blücher (Bluecher) Fast Facts

Launched: 1901 Hamburg-American Line

Built by: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg, Germany.

Tonnage: 12,334.

Dimensions: 525' x 62' (550' Overall Length).

Propulsion: Twin-screw, 16 1/2 knots. Quadruple expansion engines.

Masts and Funnels: Two masts and two funnels.

Passengers: 390 first, 230 second, 550 third.

Maiden voyage: Hamburg-Southampton-New York, June 6, 1902.

Transferred to: South American service in 1911.

Renamed: (a) Leopoldina (1917) Brazilian, (b) Suffren (1923) French.

Scrapped: in Italy, 1929. Sister ship: Moltke.

Special Twin Screw Service

From New York to Plymouth (London). Cherbourg (Paris) and Hamburg, and from Hamburg via Dover (London) or Boulogne (Paris) to New York.

The two well-known sister ships, "Moltke" and "Blücher," and the steamship "Hamburg," recently added to the service, have been constructed to meet every demand of discriminating travelers. They register about 12,000 tons; and are 525 feet long, 62 feet wide, and 45 feet deep, with quadruple expansion engines, developing 8,000 horse-power. Absolute safety is assured due to the ship's Construction with double bottoms and water-tight compartments.

In less than eight days, Plymouth is reached, whence the trip to Cherbourg takes but a few hours; and the entire voyage to Hamburg consumes about nine and one-half days. The first cabin accommodations are located amidships.

The passengers' quarters are distributed over five decks. Beginning with the uppermost deck, known as the Boat Deck, on the " Moltke" and " Blücher," we find the Gymnasium and the Grill Room. Next comes the Promenade Deck, with the Drawing Room, Smoking Room, and many fine staterooms.

On the Saloon Deck is located the Grand Saloon, accomodating about 225 persons, and other large and comfortable cabins are on this deck. The Upper Deck and the Main Deck are devoted entirely to staterooms.

The staterooms are large and are equipped in a comfortable and homelike manner. Many of these have lower berths only, and there are staterooms arranged en suite for families or friends. Chambres deluxe with private bath and toilet has also been provided.

All of the inside rooms and some of the outside rooms on the upper decks are designed to occupy one person. There is a great demand for such rooms. There are no less than thirty bathrooms on each of these steamers. The Stewards Office at the head of the Main Companionway corresponds to a regular hotel office.

The Second Cabin accommodations also are superior. Luxurious travel with excellent meals and service is available at a more moderate expense than on the fast flyer in these vessels.

Promenade Deck - SS Moltke and SS Blücher (Bluecher).

Promenade Deck - SS Moltke and SS Blücher (Bluecher). GGA Image ID # 1bba45ac3b

Sheltered Corner on Promenade Deck - SS Molke and SS Blücher.

Sheltered Corner on Promenade Deck - SS Molke and SS Blücher. GGA Image ID # 1bba562a3b

Cupola and Main Saloon - SS Moltke and SS Blücher (Bluecher).

Cupola and Main Saloon - SS Moltke and SS Blücher (Bluecher). GGA Image ID # 1bbaa16b27

Main Saloon - SS Moltke and SS Blücher (Bluecher).

Main Saloon - SS Moltke and SS Blücher (Bluecher). GGA Image ID # 1bbabc7597

Grill Room - SS Moltke and SS Blücher (Bluecher).

Grill Room - SS Moltke and SS Blücher (Bluecher). GGA Image ID # 1bbb14c1b2

Smoking Room - SS Moltke and SS Blücher (Bluecher).

Smoking Room - SS Moltke and SS Blücher (Bluecher). GGA Image ID # 1bbb3f3f49

Ladies' Room - SS Moltke and SS Blücher (Bluecher).

Ladies' Room - SS Moltke and SS Blücher (Bluecher). GGA Image ID # 1bbb644a16

Chambre Deluxe, SS Molke and SS Blücher (Bluecher).

Chambre Deluxe, SS Molke and SS Blücher (Bluecher). GGA Image ID # 1bbb696d41

Gymnasium on the SS Molke and SS Blücher (Bluecher).

Gymnasium on the SS Molke and SS Blücher (Bluecher). GGA Image ID # 1bbb6f81ef

Second Cabin Ladies Parlor on the SS Molke and SS Blücher (Bluecher).

Second Cabin Ladies Parlor on the SS Molke and SS Blücher (Bluecher). GGA Image ID # 1bbc028a87

Second Cabin Main Saloon on the SS Molke and SS Blücher (Bluecher).

Second Cabin Main Saloon on the SS Molke and SS Blücher (Bluecher). GGA Image ID # 1bbc1cc3e4

L to R, T to B: Second Cabin Main Saloon; Second Cabin Ladies' Parlor; Second Cabin Music Room; and Second Cabin Smoking Room on the SS Molke and SS Blücher (Bluecher).

L to R, T to B: Second Cabin Main Saloon; Second Cabin Ladies' Parlor; Second Cabin Music Room; and Second Cabin Smoking Room on the SS Molke and SS Blücher (Bluecher). GGA Image ID # 1bbc238436

SS Hamburg

SS Hamburg Fast Facts

Launched: 1899

Owner: Hamburg-American Line

Built by: "Vulkan", Stettin, Germany.

Tonnage: 10,532.

Dimensions: 499' x 60'.

Propulsion: Twin-screw, 16 knots. Quadruple expansion engines.

Masts and Funnels: Two masts and two funnels.

Note: Originally in Far East service.

Transferred to: Hamburg- New York trade in 1904.

Other Duties: She was later used in Mediterranean-New York service.

Renamed: (a) Red Cross (1917), (b) Powhatan (1917), (c) New Rochelle (1920), (d) Hudson (1921), (e) President Fillmore (1922).

Scrapped: in United States, 1928.

Five interior views of the luxurious Hamburg America Line steamship SS Hamburg including the Promenade Deck, Main Dining Saloon and Smoking Room. Photographs from the 1905 Brochure - Across the Atlantic.

Promenade Deck SS Hamburg

Promenade Deck - S. S. Hamburg. GGA Image ID # 1bbcd1a12a

Main Dining Saloon - S. S. Hamburg.

Main Dining Saloon - S. S. Hamburg. GGA Image ID # 1bbcd35277

Music Room - S. S. Hamburg.

Music Room - S. S. Hamburg. GGA Image ID # 1bbd18ca5f

Vestibule and Companionway - S. S. Hamburg.

Vestibule and Companionway - S. S. Hamburg. GGA Image ID # 1bbd1feb91

Corner of Smoking Room - S. S. Hamburg.

Corner of Smoking Room - S. S. Hamburg. GGA Image ID # 1bbd8201ab

SS Pennsylvania -- SS Patricia -- SS Graf Waldersee -- SS Pretoria

SS Pennsylvania, SS Patricia, SS Graf Waldersee and SS Pretoria at Sea.

SS Pennsylvania, SS Patricia, SS Graf Waldersee and SS Pretoria at Sea. GGA Image ID # 1bbd85fbb6

SS Pennsylvania Fast Facts

Launched: 1896 Hamburg-American Line.

Built by: Harland & Wolff, Ltd Belfast, Ireland

Tonnage: 13,333.

Dimensions: 559'x 62'.

Propulsion: Twin-screw, 13 1/2 knots. Quadruple expansion engines.

Masts and Funnels: Four masts and one funnel.

Passengers: 160 first, 180 second, 2,200 third.

Service: Hamburg-New York.

Renamed: Nansemond (1917) United States troopship.

Fate: Scrapped in 1924.

Sister ships: Graf Waldersee, Patricia and Pretoria.

Note 1: Large passenger-cargo type steamships, which could carry more cargo on one voyage than the entire Hamburg-American Line sailing fleet of the 1850's in a whole year.

Note 2: Had very large cargo capacity, besides being able to transport large numbers of immigrants.

SS Patricia Fast Facts

Launched: 1899 Hamburg-American line.

Built by: "Vulkan", Stettin, Germany.

Tonnage: 13,424.

Dimensions: 560' x 62' (584' Overall Length).

Propulsion: Twin-screw, 13 1/2 knots. Quadruple expansion engines.

Masts and Funnels: Four masts and one funnel.

Passengers: 162 first, 184 second, 2,100 third.

Tonnage Revised: listed as 14,466 in 1914.

Service: Hamburg-New York.

Note: Used by the United States War Department as a troopship. The liner was later turned over to the British Shipping Controller, who chartered her to Ellerman Lines.

Fate: Sold for scrap in November 1921. Broken up in 1922.

Sister ships: Graf Waldersee, Pennsylvania and Pretoria.

Note: Had very large cargo capacity, besides being able to transport large numbers of immigrants.

SS Graf Waldersee Fast Facts

Launched: 1898 Hamburg-American Line.

Built by: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg, Germany.

Tonnage: 13,102.

Dimensions: 561' x 62'.

Propulsion: Twin-screw, 133^ knots. Quadruple expansion engines.

Masts and Funnels: Four masts and one funnel.

Passengers: 162 first, 184 second, 2,200 third.

Service: Hamburg-New York.

Sold to: British shipbreakers in July 1921.

Sister ships: Patricia, Pennsylvania and Pretoria.

Note: Had very large cargo capacity, besides being able to transport large numbers of immigrants.

SS Pretoria Fast Facts

Launched: 1897 Hamburg-American Line

Built by: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg, Germany.

Tonnage: 13,234.

Dimensions: 561' x 62'.

Propulsion: Twin-screw, 13 1/2 knots. Quadruple expansion engines.

Masts and Funnels: Four masts and one funnel.

Service: Hamburg-New York.

Passengers: 160 first, 190 second, 2,400 third class.

Other Service: After First World War was placed under control of British Shipping Controller, and then charted by the Ellerman Lines.

Fate: Sold to British shipbreakers in November 1921.

Sister ships: Graf Waldersee, Patricia and Pennsylvania.

Note: Had very large cargo capacity, besides being able to transport large numbers of immigrants.

From New York to Dover (London or Paris) and Hamburg, and from Hamburg via Dover (London), Boulogne (Paris) to New York.

A substantial proportion of transatlantic travel has its destination, points in England, France, and Germany. This service affords an attractive and convenient route to points in England and Paris and points in France. The steamers assigned to this service are the " Pennsylvania," " Pretoria," " Patricia," and " Graf Waldersee," which are among the most prominent and best-known vessels in the world.

Their roomy and home-like staterooms, broad stretches of the deck, and absolute steadiness under all weather conditions render them favorites with hosts of people who appreciate maximum comfort in travel. The table is excellent, and the service is first-class in every respect.

The twin-screw system adds materially to the safety of these vessels, as in case of an accident to one engine, the steamer can proceed with the other to her destination. The problems of marine navigation have been so efficiently solved in these vessels that all elements of danger are practically eliminated, but that does not deter the Company from providing safeguards for every possible contingency.

One may gain some idea of the size of these vessels from the fact that their tonnage averages over 13,000 and that in the holds of each steamer, there is room for so great a cargo that it would take 616 large American freight cars to transport it, or, in other words, a train of vehicles reaching from Trinity Church to Central Park in New York.

Photographs of SS Pennsylvania, SS Patricia, SS Graf Waldersee and SS Pretoria of the Hamburg America Line - 1905 including five interior views of First and Second Cabin Accommodations and Public Rooms.

Entrance Hall on the SS Pennsylvania, SS Patricia, SS Graf Waldersee and SS Pretoria.

Entrance Hall on the SS Pennsylvania, SS Patricia, SS Graf Waldersee and SS Pretoria. GGA Image ID # 1bbda1103f

Main Saloon on the SS Pennsylvania, SS Patricia, SS Graf Waldersee and SS Pretoria.

Main Saloon on the SS Pennsylvania, SS Patricia, SS Graf Waldersee and SS Pretoria. GGA Image ID # 1bbda27c0e

Promenade Deck on the SS Pennsylvania, SS Patricia, SS Graf Waldersee and SS Pretoria.

Promenade Deck on the SS Pennsylvania, SS Patricia, SS Graf Waldersee and SS Pretoria. GGA Image ID # 1bbdf79745

Smoking Room on the SS Pennsylvania, SS Patricia, SS Graf Waldersee and SS Pretoria.

Smoking Room on the SS Pennsylvania, SS Patricia, SS Graf Waldersee and SS Pretoria. GGA Image ID # 1bbe16dc5e

Social Hall on the SS Pennsylvania, SS Patricia, SS Graf Waldersee and SS Pretoria.

Social Hall on the SS Pennsylvania, SS Patricia, SS Graf Waldersee and SS Pretoria. GGA Image ID # 1bbe17433f

Prinzessin Victoria Luise

The SS Prinzessin Victoria Luise Cruising on the the Atlantic Ocean.

The SS Prinzessin Victoria Luise Cruising on the the Atlantic Ocean. GGA Image ID # 1bbe5ef452

Prinzessin Victoria Luise Fast Facts

  • Launched: 1901 Hamburg-American Line
  • Built by: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg, Germany
  • Tonnage: 4,409. Dimensions: 407'X 47'.
  • Propulsion: Twin-screw, 15 knots. Quadruple expansion engines.
  • Masts and Funnels: Two masts and two funnels. Clipper bow.
  • Note: Built as a cruise ship. Did make some sailings to New York.
  • Fate: Wrecked near Plum Point, Jamaica in 1906.

Summer and Winter Cruises

It has been more than ten years since the HAMBURG-AMERICAN LINE inaugurated its pleasure cruises, which have since become an established feature of travel. The company has made wise use of the broad experience gained to attain excellence. Public interest has constantly been kept alert by the addition of new and attractive destination points.

These cruises include tours during the summer months to Norway, the North Cape, Spitzbergen, and Iceland, around the British Isles, to the famous Seaside Resorts of Europe. During the winter months, the cruising vessels of the company are dispatched to points in the Mediterranean and the Orient, the West Indies, and the Spanish Main.

An ideal vessel for these pleasure trips is the elegant twin-screw cruising steamer "Prinzessin Victoria Luise," built expressly for the purpose. Her graceful lines and jaunty appearance resemble a yacht, but her dimensions are those of a large ocean steamer.

The vessel is run strictly and exclusively as a high-class pleasure craft. All the cruises of this ship have proved brilliant successes and have established the ship's broad and lasting fame. The "Prinzessin Victoria Luise" length is 450 feet; width, 47 feet; and depth, 30 feet. Except for the space occupied by the crew, the entire ship is devoted strictly to first cabin passengers only.

The number of passengers is limited to less than two hundred. The highest standards of excellence are attained in thoroughly ventilated cabins, faultless bathing and toilet arrangements, extensive promenade decks, a gymnasium, large dining saloon, comfortable smoking room, beautiful reading room and library, ladies parlor and music room, the highest degree of artistic finish pervading the decoration and arrangement throughout. The staterooms are roomy and attractive. Berths are not placed above one another but side by side or opposite each other.

To these cruises also are assigned the large twin-screw steamers " Moltke " and " Hamburg," and the new twin-screw crusting steamer "Meteor," vessels which are specially adapted for pleasure travel.

The new steamship " Fürst Bismarck " (8,500 tons) will be specially equipped as a floating air, light, and hydropathic sanitarium.

Photographs of the SS Prinzessin Victoria Luise - Hamburg America Line - 1905 Brochure with interior views of the Main Saloon, Social Hal, Library, Smoking Room and Gymnasium.

Entrance to the Social Hall on the SS Prinzessin Victoria Luise.

Entrance to the Social Hall on the SS Prinzessin Victoria Luise. GGA Image ID # 1bbf188850

Gymnasium on the SS Prinzessin Victoria Luise.

Gymnasium on the SS Prinzessin Victoria Luise. GGA Image ID # 1bbf18a8f4

Library on the SS Prinzessin Victoria Luise.

Library on the SS Prinzessin Victoria Luise. GGA Image ID # 1bbf1a49d9

Main Saloon and Cupola on the SS Prinzessin Victoria Luise.

Main Saloon and Cupola on the SS Prinzessin Victoria Luise. GGA Image ID # 1bbf4e847f

Smoking Room on the SS Prinzessin Victoria Luise.

Smoking Room on the SS Prinzessin Victoria Luise. GGA Image ID # 1bbf54f4ca

Social Hall on the SS Prinzessin Victoria Luise.

Social Hall on the SS Prinzessin Victoria Luise. GGA Image ID # 1bbf97da70

Prinz Oskar and Prinz Adalbert

The SS Prinz Oskar and SS Prinz Adalbert Cruising on the Open Seas.

The SS Prinz Oskar and SS Prinz Adalbert Cruising on the Open Seas. GGA Image ID # 1bc0615d16

SS Prinz Oskar Fast Facts

  • Launched: 1902 Hamburg-American Line.
  • Built by: Bremer Vulkan, Vegesack, Germany.
  • Tonnage : 6,026.
  • Dimensions: 403' x 49'.
  • Propulsion: Twin-screw, 13 knots. Quadruple expansion engines.
  • Masts and Funnels: Two masts and two funnels.
  • Service: Placed first in the Genoa-Naples-New York service. After 1906 was used on the Genoa-Buenos Aires route, and also, in North Atlantic services.
  • World War 1 Note: Seized by United States in 1917.
  • Renamed: Orion (1917).
  • Fate: Scrapped about 1928.
  • Sister ship: Prinz Adalbert.

SS Prinz Adalbert Fast Facts

  • Launched: 1902 Hamburg-American Line
  • Built by: Bremer Vulkan, Vegesack, Germany.
  • Tonnage: 6,030.
  • Dimensions: 403'X 49'.
  • Propulsion: Twin-screw, 13 knots. Quadruple expansion engines.
  • Masts and Funnels: Two masts and two funnels.
  • Service: Placed in Genoa-Naples-New York service in 1902. She also served on other North Atlantic routes. Made her final voyage to New York in 1914.
  • Renamed: (a) Princetown (1914) British, (b) Alesia (1917) French.
  • Fate: Torpedoed and sunk, September 6, 1917.
  • Sister ship: Prinz Oskar.

Mediterranean Service

From New York to Naples and Genoa, and From Genoa, Palermo, and Naples to New York.

The increasing popularity of this service has led the Company to assign exclusively to this route two new, steel, twin-screw steamships: the "Prinz Oskar" and the "Prinz Adalbert." They are large vessels of about 6,700 tons gross register. They were built especially for the Mediterranean Service and conform to the standards of the most modern and luxurious Atlantic liners.

The twin-screw system renders each, in effect, two steamers in one. The staterooms are roomy, convenient, and situated amid-ship on the upper and saloon decks. They are arranged for one, two, three, or four passengers, and suites consisting of a parlor, bedroom, bath, and toilet have also been provided. The enormous social saloons are ornate and appropriate in their furnishings.

The promenade deck is covered by a permanent wooden awning and affords ample space for promenading, games, etc., and an area for placing deck chairs. The ladies' parlor and gentlemen's smoking room are located on the promenade deck, while the dining room is on the upper deck. Service and cuisine are excellent and of the same standard as the popular steamers "Moltke" and "Blücher" of the North Atlantic service. A band of musicians accompanies each vessel.

The Express Steamer " Deutschland" and the steamship "Moltke" are added to this service for several special trips during the winter months.

Photographs of the SS Prinz Oskar and SS Prinz Adelbert - Hamburg America Line 1905 including interior views (1 large format, 4 small format) and an illustration of the sister ships.

Interior Views of Various Public Rooms on the SS Prinz Oskar and SS Prinz Adalbert.

Interior Views of Various Public Rooms on the SS Prinz Oskar and SS Prinz Adalbert. GGA Image ID # 1bc0947d1c

Main Saloon on the SS Prinz Oskar and SS Prinz Adalbert.

Main Saloon on the SS Prinz Oskar and SS Prinz Adalbert. GGA Image ID # 1bc0c4c4d4

Atlas Line Service

From New York to Jamaica, Hayti, Colombia, and Central America.

Steamers sail from Pier 55 Fool West 25th St., New York.

If one would escape the rigors of Northern winters, it is not necessary that he should seek the sunny ports of Europe, for almost at our doors lie Jamaica and the charming Islands of the West Indies, as well as the tropical shores of the Spanish Main.

Jamaica has been termed " the heart of the Caribbean," while the sea has been called " the American Mediterranean." The neighboring shores and islands are second only to Jamaica in beauty and interest.

A voyage to these regions is neither too long nor too short. Jamaica is reached six days from New York. The course being due South, every turn of the screw carries the traveler into more southern waters and balmier airs.

Recent developments have added to the picturesque and climatic charms of the Caribbean countries, practical importance which renders them especially interesting commercially.

The Atlas Line Service is maintained by the Steamships "Altai," Sarnia," " Sibiria," " Alleghany," " Alene," " Adirondack " " Valdivia," and " Graecia." These vessels are comfortable and attractive in their accommodations and equipment, enabling tourists to travel to these southern waters under the most favorable circumstances.

The Weekly Service from New York enables the tourist to reach these southern points with the same facility that attends the other services of the HAMBURG-AMERICAN LINE.

The Hamburg-American Line will soon add new steamers with superb accommodations to this line to meet the ever-increasing popularity of these Southern voyages.

The Atlas Line Service is maintained by the Steamships "Altai," Sarnia," " Sibiria," " Alleghany," " Alene," " Adirondack " " Valdivia," and " Graecia." These vessels are comfortable and attractive in their accommodations and equipment, enabling tourists to travel to southern destinations under the most favorable circumstances.

Type of Steamship of the Atlas Line Service.

Type of Steamship of the Atlas Line Service. GGA Image ID # 1bc0d2ec30

Interior Views of an Atlas Liner.

Interior Views of an Atlas Liner. GGA Image ID # 1bc166ad12

Fifty Different Services

THE HAMBURG-AMERICAN LINE (ESTABLISHED 1847) is the oldest German Line. Its fleet consists of 331 vessels with a total tonnage of 764,551 tons. Of these 331 ships, 150 are Ocean Steamers, and 23 are large, new Twin-Screw passenger steamships.

FIFTY DIFFERENT SERVICES OF THE HAMBURG-AMERICAN LINE.

FROM NEW YORK.

  1. Twin-Screw Express Steamship Service (carrying the American and European mails) : From New York to Plymouth (London), Cherbourg (Paris) and Hamburg; and from Dover (London) and Cherbourg (Paris) to New York.
  2. Twin-Screw Passenger Steamship Service: From New York to Plymouth or Dover (London), Cherbourg or Dover (Paris) and Hamburg; and from Hamburg via Boulogne (Paris), Dover (London, Paris), to New York.
  3. Twin-Screw Steamship Service: From New York to and from Hamburg direct.
  4. Mediterranean Service from New York to Naples and Genoa, and Special sailings during winter season.
  5. Winter Cruises during January, February and March, to the West Indies, Nassau and Bermuda by special cruising steamers.
  6. Winter Cruises to the Mediterranean and the Orient, by twin-screw steamer.
  7. Summer Cruises to Norway, the North Cape and Spitzbergen, to the principal cities of Norway, Sweden, Russia and Denmark by the Cruising Steamers Prinzessin Victoria Luise and Meteor.
  8. Fall and Winter Pleasure Cruises in the Mediterranean by the Cruising Steamer Meteor.
  9. Cruises to Scotland, the Orkney and Shetland Isles, Iceland, and around the British Isles by the Twin-Screw Steamers Hamburg and Prinzessin Victoria Luise.
  10. Atlas Line : To Jamaica, Hayti, Colombia. Costa Rica, Nicaragua, British Honduras, Honduras and Guatemala.
  11. New York-China-Japan - (Port Said, Penang, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai. Yokohama, Kobe).
  12. New York - Copenhagen : New York Christiania - Copenhagen.
    FROM HAMBURG.
  13. HAMBURG-MONTREAL
  14. HAMBURG-PORTLAND
  15. HAMBURG-BOSTON
  16. HAMBURG-PHILADELPHIA
  17. HAMBURG-BALTIMORE
  18. HAMBURG-NEW ORLEANS
  19. HAMBURG-GALVESTON.
  20. HAMBURG-VENEZUELA-St.ThomasTrinadadBURG-VENEZUELA-St.ThomasTrdad- La Guayra - Porto Cabello-Curacao.
  21. HAMBURG-SAN DOMINGO-HAYTI-- Grimsby - Havre - San Domingo-Haytian ports.
  22. HAMBURG-WEST INDIES-St.Thomas Kingston - Savanilla - CarthagenaColon - Port Limon.
  23. HAMBURG- PORTO RICO - SPANISH Main - San Juan - Ponce - Venezuelan ports - Curacao.
  24. HAMBURG-CUBA - Antwerp - St. Thomas - Havana - Santiago - and other Cuban ports.
  25. HAMBURG-SPANISH MAIN - St. Thomas - Curacao - Porto Colombia Carthagena - Colon - Port Limon - Bocas del Toro.
  26. HAMBURG-MEXICO - Antwerp-Havre St. Thomas - Vera Cruz - Tampico.
  27. HAMBURG-MEXICO-PROGRESO Antwerp - St. Thomas - Tampico - Vera Cruz - Progreso.
  28. HAMBURG- CUBA-MEXICO - HavreCoruna - Havana - Vera Cruz - Tampico.
  29. HAMBURG-NORTH BRAZIL-PARAManaos (Ceara-Maranham.)
  30. HAMBURG-MIDDLE BRAZIL - Pern ambuco - Bahia - Victoria - Rio de Janeiro-Santos.
  31. HAMBURG-SOUTH BRAZIL-Maceio Cabedello - Paranagua - Destero - Rio Grande do Sul.
  32. HAMBURG-RIVER PLATE - (Argentine Republic) - Montevideo - Buenos Ayres - Rosario - San Nicolas.
  33. HAMBURG-WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA - Valparaiso - TalcahuanoCallao - Molliendo.
  34. HAMBURG-EAST ASIA - Penang - Singapore - Hong Kong - ShanghaiKiauchau - Yokohama - Kobe.
  35. EAST ASIA to PORTLAND (Oregon.)
  36. GENOA-RIVER PLATE - (Argentine Republic).
  37. SHANGHAI-TSINGTAU - (Kiautschou. Cheefou - Tongku. Regular Mail Service).
  38. HONG KONG-SHANGHAI to Chemulpo - Port Arthur and Newchwang.
  39. RIVIERA SERVICE between Genoa and Nice.
  40. LIGHTER SERVICE between Hamburg and places along the Rhine.
  41. HAMBURG-NEWPORT NEWS.
  42. STETTIN-NEW YORK.
  43. ANTWERP-COPENHAGEN-LIBAU.
  44. CALCUTTA-HAMBURG.
  45. CURDEN-ROTTERDAM-NARWIK.
  46. HONG KONG - KOBE-NAGASAKI- VLADIVOSTOCK.
  47. COAST SERVICE from Rio de Janeiro to Santos, Rio Grande de Sul, Montevideo.
  48. VENEZUELA COAST LINE.
  49. ADRIA SERVICE from Genoa to Adriatic ports.
  50. SEASIDE RESORT SERVICE.

The HAMBURG-AMERICAN LINE also manages the passenger business of the HAMBURG-SOUTH AMERICAN LINE from Hamburg to Brazil and the Argentine Republic. UNION LINE from Hamburg to New York.

The SS Meteor

The S.S Meteor - Cruising in the Atlantic.

The S.S Meteor - Cruising in the Atlantic. GGA Image ID # 1bb747a73e

Advertisement for Edson Manufacturing Company, the Builder of the Yacht Meteor Used by the Kaiser Emperor William of Germany, 1902.

Advertisement for Edson Manufacturing Company, the Builder of the Yacht Appliances for the Steel Schooner Meteor Used by the Kaiser Emperor William of Germany, 1902. Manning's Yacht Register For 1902. GGA Image ID # 1bb9cefd6c

  • Builder: Townsend-Downey Shipbuilding Company, New York
  • Length: 161 Ft.

The Meteor III is a keel vessel 161 feet overall; 120 ft. 1. w. 1., with 18 ft. overhang forward and 23 feet aft. Her extreme breadth is 27 ft., her freeboard is 11 ft. at the bow, six ft. at the lowest point, and 8 feet at the taffrail. She has an 18 ft. depth of hold and draws 15 ft. The sail plan shows about 11,700 sq. ft.; the mainmast being 89 ft. from deck to cap and the foremast 81 ft., while the bowsprit is 21 ft. outboard. The main topmast is 60 ft., fid to truck; the fore topmast is 55 ft., main boom 82 ft., fore boom 36 ft.; main gaff 48 ft.; fore gaff 36 ft. The total length from bowsprit end to main boom end is 195 ft. The main truck is about 138 ft. above the water. (W. P. Stephens, "Launch of Meteor III," in the Rudder, Vol. XIII, No. 4, April 1902, p.208)

 

The great event of Prince Henry's visit to this country was launching the Kaiser's American- built yacht Meteor III passed off smoothly yesterday morning. The Prince concisely summed up the ceremony in the cablegram he forwarded to his imperial brother: "Beautiful boat; successful launch; big crowds; congratulations from everybody."

The Meteor, as long as she rides the waves, will be the symbol of the new entente between two countries that are allied by so many ties that they have in common. For one hundred years, as the Prince neatly expressed it, this country has been an asylum for generations of Germans who have come here mainly to better their fortunes.

One naturally thinks well of the country in which one prospers, but the hundreds of thousands of Germans who have done well in the United States still retain a sentimental feeling for their native land.

Even though the Fatherland failed to give them a living such as they enjoy here; even though the avenues of advancement are fewer and less broad than here, no German can forget that he was born in the most intellectual country in the world, and which has contributed so much to the advancement and the civilization of the human race.

The country of Goethe and Schiller, of Frederick the Great and Bismarck, of Theodore Koerner and Queen Louise, of Luther and Haeckel, is indeed a country to be proud of.

-- National Souvenir of Prince Henry's Visit to the United States, New York: German-American Publishing Company, 1902:11

 

The Hamburg America Line Fleet

Name of Ship and Gross Registered Tons

-- A --

  • Abessinia … 5,753
  • Acilia … 5,693
  • Adirondack … 2,167
  • Adria … 5,472
  • Albingia … 4,803
  • Alene … 2,293
  • Alesia … 5,167
  • Alexandria … 5,692
  • Alleghany … 2,494
  • Allemannia … 4,821
  • Altai … 2,480
  • Altenburg … 3,320
  • Amazonas … 2.987
  • Ambria … 5.239
  • America … 22,250
  • Andalusia … 5,441
  • Antonina … 4,010
  • Arabia … 4,438
  • Aragonia … 5,198
  • Arcadia … 5,454
  • Armenia … 5,471
  • Artemisia … 5,739
  • Ascania … 2,046
  • Assyria … 6,581

-- B --

  • Badenia … 6,605
  • Batavia … 11,046
  • Belgravia … 10,982
  • Bethania … 7,492
  • Blücher … 12,334
  • Bolivia … 2,646
  • Bosnia … 7,437
  • Brisgavia … 6,477
  • Bulgaria … 11,077

-- C --

  • C. Ferd. Laeisz … 5,874
  • Calabria … 3,004
  • Caledonia … 3,035
  • California … 6,050
  • Canadia … 2,398
  • Castilia … 2,911
  • Cheruskia … 3,254
  • Christiania … 2,811
  • Constantia … 2,997
  • Croatia … 1,991

-- D --

  • Dacia … 3,511
  • Dania … 3,500
  • Deutschland … 16,502
  • Dortmund … 4,970

-- E --

  • Etruria … 4,408

-- F --

  • Flandria … 2,041
  • Frisia … 3,738
  • Fürst Bismarck … 8,500

-- G --

  • Galicia … 2,860
  • Georgia … 3,143
  • Gouverneur Jaeschke … 1,738
  • Graecia … 2,799
  • Graf Waldersee … 13,193
  • Granada … 5,125

-- H --

  • Hamburg … 10,600
  • Hellas … 2,574
  • Helvetia … 2,825
  • Hercynia … 2,630
  • Hispania … 2,578
  • Hoerde … 4,974
  • Holsatia … 3,349
  • Hungaria … 1,991

-- I --

  • Itaparica … 2,543
  • Ithaka … 2,268

-- K --

  • Karthago … 2,860
  • Kowloon … 2,326

-- L --

  • La Plata … 4,004
  • Loongmoon … 1,971
  • Lydia … 2, 734
  • Lyeemoon … 1,925

-- M --

  • Macedonia … 4,304
  • Markomannia … 3,335
  • Mecklenburg … 3,368
  • Meteor … 3,613
  • Moltke … 12,335

-- N --

  • Nassovia … 3,858
  • Nauplia … 4,200
  • Nicaria … 4,211
  • Nicomedia … 4,364
  • Nubia … 4,126
  • Numantia … 4,385
  • Numidia … 3,044

-- P --

  • Palatia … 7,326
  • Parthia … 2,727
  • Patagonia … 3,016
  • Patricia … 13,424
  • Peiho … 779
  • Pennsylvania … 13,333
  • Polynesia … 6,022
  • Pontos … 5,679
  • Poseidon … 836
  • Pretoria … 13,234
  • Prinzessin Victoria Luise … 4,419
  • Prinz Adalbert … 6,030
  • Prinz August Wilhelm … 4,733
  • Prinz Eitel Friedrich … 4,600
  • Prinz Joachim … 4,760
  • Prinz Oskar … 6,026
  • Prinz Sigismund … 4,689
  • Prinz Waldemar … 4,658

-- R --

  • Rhaetia … 6,400
  • Rhenania … 6,416

-- S --

  • Sambia … 5,623
  • Sardinia … 3,601
  • Sarnia … 3,402
  • Savoia … 2,595
  • Saxonia … 5,176
  • Scandia … 4,856
  • Schaumburg … 3,389
  • Schwarzburg … 3,299
  • Scotia … 2,558
  • Segovia … 5,872
  • Senegambia … 4,150
  • Serbia … 3,694
  • Sevilla … 5,135
  • Sibiria … 3,535
  • Sicilia … 2,922
  • Silesia … 4,861
  • Silvia … 6,506
  • Sithonia … 6,569
  • Slavonia … 5,066
  • Sparta … 2,832
  • Spezia … 4,148
  • Suevia … 4,149
  • Sui-an … 1,651
  • Sui-tai … 1,651
  • Syria … 3,597

-- T --

  • Teutonia … 3,066
  • Thessalia … 6,150
  • Troja … 2,719
  • Tsintau … 1,588

-- V --

  • Valdivia … 2,176
  • Valesia … 2,299

-- W --

  • Westphalia … 3,095

Total Tonnage … 652,549

North Sea Steamers, River Steamers, Tugs, Lighters … 39,152

Building

  • Kaiserin Auguste Victoria … 25,000
  • 12 Steamers … 47,850

Total … 764,551

Comparison with the following figures showing the tonnage of the entire merchant marines (steamers of over 2,000 tons) of various foreign nations will adequately illustrate the size of the HAMBURG-AMERICAN LINE'S fleet:

  1. France … 860,775
  2. Germany …652,549
  3. Italy … 528,247
  4. Spain … 461,495
  5. Austria-Hungary … 459,602
  6. Japan … 354,626
  7. Norway … 292,397
  8. Russia … 260,044
  9. Denmark … 187,635
  10. Sweden … 101,299

Information about the Brochure

  • Title: Across the Atlantic: Hamburg America Line
  • Published: 1905
  • Publisher: Hamburg America Line, New York
  • Pages: 80
  • Dimensions: 13.5 x 10.5 x .5 cm
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