SS Conte Biancamano Passage Contract - 25 October 1930
Economical Second Class Ticket from Naples, Italy to New York Berth Cabin 776, berth 3 on the SS Conte Biancamano sailing from Naples on 25 October 1930 for passenger Salvatore Milluzzo. GGA Image ID # 1fa5e96c49
Summary of Voyage Contract
- Date of Purchase / Voyage: 25 October 1930
- Steamship Line: Lloyd Sabaudo
- Steamship: SS Conte Biancamano
- Route: Naples to New York
- Ticket Type: Voyage Contract
- Voyage Class: Second Class
- Name on Contract: Salvatore Milluzzo
- Etnicity of Passenger(s): Italian
- Contract Terms: Translated from Italian
- Cost of Ticket: $638.75 / $9,900.00 USD in 2020
Voyage Contract Details
Series N, No. 008440
Lloyd Sabaudo - Societa Anonima per Azioni con Sede in Genova
Total Persons: 1
Nolo Paid: 500--
Bording Charges Tax: 20--
Landing Taxes Levied: 8--
SS Conte Biancamano of the Lloyd Sabudo Line Passage Contract Terms and Conditions, 25 October 1930. GGA Image ID # 1fa6028792
Validity of the biaretto. - The pass ticket is valid only for the departure for which it was issued and for the persons indicated in it.
No presentation at departure. - A passenger who does not present himself / herself at the right time or who does not take any boarding, has no right to any reimbursement of the reasonable price but must instead complete the payment of the freight if he has not paid in full. In the case of non-embarkation due to the death of the passenger, the Company will correspond to the heirs (who must legally document their quality) the partial refund established by Article 583 paragraph 2 of the current Italian Commercial Code. If, for special reasons, the Company the restitution of the amount paid will always be deducted from the 20 ° / 0 silos Tarn assembled total of the passage.
Departure suppression. - The Company reserves the right to cancel the anticipated departure and in this case the passenger will only be entitled to reimbursement of the sum paid, excluding any compensation or reimbursement of expenses.
Moving the departure date. - The Company will also have full right to anticipate or extend the anticipated departure date, and in one case the passenger will have no right to rescind the contract, nor to compensation for damages, nor to board and lodging, nor to reimbursement of expenses of any kind. However, if the advance or extension of the departure date, which took place using the Company of the above option, exceeds ten days, the passenger will have the right to terminate the contract, obtaining only the return of the sum paid.
Interruption of the trip - If the trip is broken after the departure of the fortuitous event or force majeure concerning the ship, the entire charter is due to the company and the journey is considered to be completed.
Liability exemptions - The Company is not liable for any damage caused to persons or things of passengers by sea risks. Fires, thefts, enemies and pirates, barteries, orders of princes, riots, recognized or unrecognized acts of government, direct or indirect consequences of the state of war of any nation, screams of ships, investments, or other events of navigation, outbreak, failure or breakage of boilers, machines, piping or on-board installations and the like. The Company does not even answer for damage caused to the things of passengers by pouring liquids, breaking fragile objects, shedding of goods, rust, humidity due to rain, sea water evaporation, contact with other goods or exhalations of the same, as well as not responding to damage caused by mice, insects, animals of any kind. The Company does not respond for diseases in general, even contagious or epidemic, contracted on board for any reason.
Ticket transfer. - Passage tickets can not be transferred to others. If it happens that the passenger is not the true ticket holder who presents or makes use of an invalid ticket, he / she will be required to pay the passage to the fare price with an increase of 50%, except for the greater rights due to the Company towards passenger.
Passenger obligations. - The passenger must comply with the prescriptions of the Italian and foreign laws as well as with the regulations of the company and with the instructions given by the commander.
Assignment of the cabins * - The passenger will occupy the place indicated in the ticket and in the absence of an indication, the one assigned to him by the Captain. The Company reserves the right to allocate seats other than those booked to the passenger, provided they are of equal price. If the availability of the booked seats changes due to modifications or different destination of the rooms on board the Piroscafo, the Company will have the right to cancel the reservation by returning the deposit already collected, excluding any compensation.
Medical examination. - The Company is fully entitled, on the opinion of its Health Inspector, to refuse reimbursement to passengers suffering from illness or repugnance deformities, and for any other reason to those passengers whose anticipation will be hindered the landing by the immigration authorities of the country of destination, and disembarking them during the crossing in the intermediate port when he judged it opportune, excluding any right to compensation.
Quarantine - The Company is not liable to the passenger for the sanitary measures to which it was subjected. In the case of quarantine, the costs of accommodation and meals are to be paid by the passenger; if the forty-one is discounted on board the passenger will have to pay to the Captain the food and accommodation according to the current rates. In cases where for reasons of forty-nine measures passengers can not be dropped in the port for which they have purchased the ticket, the Company reserves the right to receive a surcharge for the greater route.
Food. - Passage tickets include food on board in accordance with the regulations of the Company and cease, except for the above, with the arrival of the ship in the port of destination.
Penalty. - Passengers are liable to the Company for all penalties, fines, etc. that for their fault they were applied by the respective Authorities.
Limitations of responsibility. - The responsibility of the Company is limited to the journey on its journey; therefore in case of start or continuation of the journey either on the steamships of other vectors, or on the ground, the passenger must comply with the conditions of carriage of said carriers and can not proceed to withdraw the company, expressly agreeing that this is not responsible for facts of previous or subsequent vectors.
The Company does not assume any responsibility for the occurrence of the coincidence of its steamships or between them and those of other vectors and does not guarantee the free seat on board the transhipment steamers transshipment costs both for the passenger and for the baggage, those for board and lodging awaiting transhipment are at the complete expense of the passengers.
Calculation of places. - The calculation of the places is contemplated in the rates in force. The half-paying students will be placed two per bed, while those paying a quarter of a place, as well as the rent-free ones, will sleep with the person accompanying them. Even during the journey that the persons who paid for fractions of place are older than the maximum limit established for the fraction, they will have to pay the difference to form the amount of the adjusted pass, increased by 50%.
Fees and taxes - All expenses, taxes and fees for boarding and disembarking, stamp duty, etc. are charged to passengers.
Advances or delays. - Passengers are not entitled to compensation of any kind or reimbursement of expenses for advance or delay both at departure and at the arrival of the ship.
a) Every passenger has the right to the free transport of the baggage to the extent indicated by the rates in force. The excess baggage beyond the indicated limits, will be taxed according to the tariff rate "goods in general" in force at the start.
b) - Each package on labels issued by the Company must clearly state the name of the Steamer, - the port of destination and the name of the passenger.
c) - The Company is not liable for damages caused by insufficiency or defect in packaging.
d) - The Company undertakes to transport the baggage from the departing station by means of the "Espresso Bagagli"
Passengers wishing to take advantage of this service must deliver or send to the Company (Baggage Office) the railway receipts, not later than the day before departure.
e) - The costs of boarding and disembarking the baggage are always charged to the passenger, who must personally make sure that the baggage is boarded, withdrawing from the Company's agent, the relative receipt.
f) - The passenger must take care of the immediate collection of the baggage at the arrival port, or of transhipment for the journeys in combined service, delivering the receipt received at the time of departure to the person in charge of the company. Upon delivery, all claims for claims will expire.
g) - By failing to promptly collect baggage from passengers, the Company will deposit them to Customs or authorized depots, according to the provisions of the local Authorities, at the expense and risk of the owners.
h) - It is absolutely forbidden to transport exploding, inflammable, corrosive materials, liquids, foodstuffs, and those for which it is expressly diverged from the provisions of the law. In the ease of infractions the Captain is authorized to seize the baggage and to destroy it without the passenger is entitled to any compensation. The passenger will also be held responsible for the consequences that could derive from infringements of these provisions.
i) - Upon boarding, passengers are obliged to hand over to the Steam Captain, for custody during the crossing, all the white or firearms they have with them. In case of non-compliance the offenders will be subject to confiscation of arms and referral to the competent Authorities (Article 88-97 C. M. M., Article 632-633 Reg. C. M. M.).
l) - The Company is not responsible for the loss of money or valuables, nor is it liable for the packages that passengers carry in their cabins.
m) - the complaints must be presented in writing; to the Company or its Agency before boarding if it is necessary to take on baggage; to the Commander and before arrival at destination if it is in fact occurred during the crossing, to the Company or Agency in the port of arrival and at the time of disembarkation in other cases, all under penalty of forfeiture. The Company for any research will have a term of six months from the date of the submitted complaint and will not have to return the baggage within the said term, to pay for delayed or other delays.
n) - The Company has the right to retention and lien on the baggage, consequently if the passenger refuses to pay what was owed to the Company, this has the right to sell the baggage, through public mediators, without judicial authorization, up to competition of the full payment of each sum due.
o) Luggage not picked up within six months from the day the steamers leave are considered and treated as abandoned objects.
If, within said times, the baggage is not withdrawn, and the provisions of the local Antonia or the Warehouse Regulations are not ordered for sale within a shorter term, the Company will have the right to proceed with the sale of the baggage upon verification of the contents to be made. with a report on behalf of the legal entity without having to request authorization from the Judicial Authorities, the proceeds from the sale, minus the expenses and the responsibilities due to the Company, will be kept available to the owner of the baggage, who must take care of the collection of any residual within a year from the departure of the steamer; after this deadline the residual sum will be acquired by the Company which will dispose of it as it sees fit.
Baggage insurance - We recommend to Sigg. Passengers to insure their baggage as the Company assumes no responsibility for loss or deterioration of baggage, beyond the maximum limit of 100 Lire per item.
This contract, although not regulated by the above clauses, is subject to the Italian Commercial Code. All disputes that were to arise In dependence and relationship to this contract must be promoted before the Genoa authorities expressly waiving the jurisdiction of any other authority.
You may also be interested in this young Italian man's Immigrant ID Card/Vaccination Certificate
Record of Arrival at Ellis Island
- NAME: Salvatore Milluzzo
- GENDER: Male
- ETHNICITY/ NATIONALITY: Italian (South) (Italian)
- MARITAL STATUS: Single
- AGE: 16
- BIRTH DATE: 1914
- BIRTH PLACE: Italy
- OTHER BIRTH PLACE: Palazzolo Acreide
- LAST KNOWN RESIDENCE: Palazzolo Acreide, Italy
- DEPARTURE PORT: Naples, Italy
- SHIP NAME: Conte Biancamano
- ARRIVAL DATE: 3 Nov 1930
- ARRIVAL PORT: New York, New York, USA
- FINAL DESTINATION: Hartford, Connecticut
- YEARS IN US: Permanently
- CITIZENSHIP INTENTION: Yes
- HEIGHT: 5 Feet, 3 Inches
- HAIR COLOR: Chestnut
- EYE COLOR: Chestnut
- COMPLEXION: Fair
- PERSON IN OLD COUNTRY: Callari Salvatrice
- PERSON IN OLD COUNTRY RELATIONSHIP: Grandmother
- PERSON IN OLD COUNTRY RESIDENCE: Palazzolo, Acreide
Year: 1930; Arrival: New York, New York, USA; Microfilm Serial: T715, 1897-1957; Line: 22; Page Number: 38
Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1820-1897. Microfilm Publication M237, 675 rolls. NAI: 6256867. Records of the U.S. Customs Service, Record Group 36. National Archives at Washington, D.C.
Passenger and Crew Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1897-1957. Microfilm Publication T715, 8892 rolls. NAI: 300346. Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service; National Archives at Washington, D.C.
Supplemental Manifests of Alien Passengers and Crew Members Who Arrived on Vessels at New York, New York, Who Were Inspected for Admission, and Related Index, compiled 1887-1952. Microfilm Publication A3461, 21 rolls. NAI: 3887372. RG 85, Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1787-2004; Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
Passenger Lists, 1962-1972, and Crew Lists, 1943-1972, of Vessels Arriving at Oswego, New York. Microfilm Publication A3426. NAI: 4441521. National Archives at Washington, D.C.
Relative Cost of Passage Ticket in Today's Currency Value
In 2020, the relative values of $638.75 from 1930 ranges from $8,000.00 to $145,000.00.
A simple Purchasing Power Calculator would say the relative value is $9,900.00. This answer is obtained by multiplying $638.75 by the percentage increase in the CPI from 1930 to 2020.
This may not be the best answer.
The best measure of the relative value over time depends on if you are interested in comparing the cost or value of a Commodity, Income or Wealth, or a Project.
If you want to compare the value of a $638.75 Commodity in 1930 there are four choices. In 2020 the relative:
- real price of that commodity is $9,900.00
- real value in consumption of that commodity is $21,400.00
- labor value of that commodity is $35,400.00 (using the unskilled wage) or $39,400.00 (using production worker compensation)
- income value of that commodity is $54,000.00
- economic share of that commodity is $145,000.00
If you want to compare the value of a $638.75 Income or Wealth, in 1930 there are five choices. In 2020 the relative:
- real wage or real wealth value of that income or wealth is $9,900.00
- household purchasing power value of that income or wealth is $21,400.00
- relative labor earnings of that commodity are $35,400.00 (using the unskilled wage) or $39,400.00 (using production worker compensation)
- relative income value of that income or wealth is $54,000.00
- relative output value of that income or wealth is $145,000.00
If you want to compare the value of a $638.75 Project in 1930 there are four choices. In 2020 the relative:
- real cost of that project is $8,000.00
- household cost of that project is $21,400.00
- labor cost of that project is $35,400.00 (using the unskilled wage) or $39,400.00 (using production worker compensation)
- relative cost of that project is $54,000.00
- economy cost of that project is $145,000.00
Source: www.measuringworth.com Samuel H. Williamson, "Seven Ways to Compute the Relative Value of a U.S. Dollar Amount, 1790 to present," MeasuringWorth, 2022.