RMS Asturias Archival Collection


Asturias (1908) Royal Mail Line (British)

Built by Harland & Wolff, Ltd., Belfast, Ireland. Tonnage: 12,015. Dimensions: 520' x 62'. Propulsion: Twin-screw, 16 1/2 knots. Quadruple expansion engines. Masts and Funnels: Two masts and one funnel. Renamed: Arcadian (1923). Fate: Scrapped in 1933. Running mates: Amazon, Aragon, Araguaya and Avon.


Asturias (1925) Royal Mail Line (British)

Built by Harland & Wolff, Ltd., Belfast, Ireland. Tonnage: 22,071. Dimensions: 630' x 78' (655' o.l.). Propulsion: Twin-screw, 17 1/2 knots. Motorship. Modifications: Converted to steam turbines in 1934. Masts and Funnels: Two masts and two funnels. Modifications: Later had only a single mast and one funnel. As altered length was 641' (685' o.l.). Post War Service: After World War II was placed in service to Australia carrying emigrants. Fate: Scrapped in Great Britain, 1957. Sister ship: Alcantara.


Passenger List, Royal Mail Lines RMS Asturias, June 1935

SS Asturias Passenger Lists 1935

All Digitized Lists of Passengers for the SS Asturias Available at the GG Archives. Listing Includes Date Voyage Began, Steamship Line, Vessel, Passenger Class and Route.

Route: Southampton to Buenos Aires via London (Tilbury), Cherbourg, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Spain (Coruña Galicia [A Coruña], Las Palmas, Vigo), Portugal (Leixöes, Lisbon), Madeira, St. Vincent, Cape Verde Island, Brazil (Bahia, Pernambuco [Recife], Rio de Janeiro, Santos, São Paulo), Montevideo, Uruguay


Front Cover, RMS Asturias Farewell Dinner Bill of Fare - 22 August 1935

1935-08-22 RMS Asturias Farewell Dinner Menu

Vintage Farewell Dinner Bill of Fare and Music Program from 22 August 1935 on board the RMS Asturias of the Royal Mail Lines featured Scotch Grouse,  Smithane, Braised York Ham au Madère, and Canapé Charlemagne for dessert.



Front Cover, The First Great Ocean Liners in Photographs, 193 Views, 1897-1927.


The First Great Ocean Liners in Photographs - 1983

Sumptuous volume recalls the glorious early years of elegant transatlantic travel. Over 190 historic photographs depict exterior and interior views of 101 great ocean liners, including the Virginian, Imperator, Vaterland, Bismarck, Lusitania, Mauretania, Balmoral Castle, Titanic, Olympic, Aquitania and dozens more. Full captions.


Front Cover, Distinguished Liners from The Shipbuilder - 1907-1914, Volume 2. Compiled and Edited, with a New Introduction by Mark D. Warren.


Distinguished Liners from The Shipbuilder - 1907-1914 Volume 2

Distinguished Liners, Volume 2 features 53 famous ships from 1907-1914. Read how the liners were constructed and launched. Lavishly illustrated, each carries many photographs, including the ships, their interiors, machinery, fittings, construction, and launching.


The Motor Passenger Liner Asturias

On the 7th inst., the motor ship Asturias was launched from Messrs. Harland and Wolff's East Yard at Belfast by Her Excellency the Duchess of Abercorn in the presence of Lord Kylsant, the Chairman of the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company and a distinguished company.

The Asturias is of 22,000 tons gross register. The leading dimensions of the Asturias are: Length, 655 ft. 8 in.; breadth, 78 ft.; and depth, 45 ft.; and she is driven by a pair of Harland, Burmeister, and Wain, 8-cylinder four-cycle, double-acting Diesel engines, running at 115 r.p.m.


10,000 HP Double-Acting Diesel Engine for the MS Asturias of the Royal Mail Line.

10,000 HP Double-Acting Diesel Engine for the MS Asturias of the Royal Mail Line. Engineering Magazine, 10 July 1925, p. 45. GGA Image ID # 1d2368c126


The engines develop 10,000 i.h.p. each and deliver their 20,000 h.p. on two shafts, thus maintaining the standard twin-screw practice. The above image shows the engines and, as will be seen, follow the lines of previous four-cycle double-acting engines by the same makers.

Two three-stage air compressors arranged in tandem are mounted at the forward end of each engine and driven off an extension of the crankshaft, providing compressed air for fuel injection.

Each of these compressors' output is nearly enough to serve the engine at full output. The fuel pumps are also driven off the main engine.

The engines have forced lubrication throughout, oil serving also for cooling the piston, and freshwater being used in the cylinder jackets for cooling.

Manœuvring air is provided by three two-stage air compressors, charging six steel reservoirs at 25 atmospheres. Like the other engine room auxiliaries, the compressors are electrically driven by independent motors.

Considerable use is made of electricity throughout the vessel, some of the applications being much in advance of what is usual on land. Two oil-fired vertical boilers supply steam for cooking purposes. A small emergency steam-driven compressor is also provided.

The lighting takes some 4,000 lamps in all, in addition to the standard navigation lights with Morse lantern and the high- ranjïle power lamps and lanterns required by the latest B.O.T. regulations for working cargo.

Ventilation, which in warm climates is much more than a luxury, provides unusual liberality. Over 500 cabin and ceiling fans are fitted in staterooms and public rooms, in addition to 60 large fans for delivering cold air to the accommodation.

The heating likewise is exclusively electric, some 500 electric heaters distributed throughout the public rooms and accommodation.

Electric cooking ranges are provided for the service of passengers and crew, salamanders, grills, toasters, griddle plates, and fish fryers. Electrically-heated hot plates are distributed at intervals over the dining room. There are also two large electrically-heated bakers' ovens.


The Royal Mail Motor Passenger Liner Asturias. Engineering Magazine, 4 December 1925, p. 713.

The Royal Mail Motor Passenger Liner Asturias. Engineering Magazine, 4 December 1925, p. 713. GGA Image ID # 1d23f01170


Large sterilizers will be installed in the hospitals and barbers' shops, the latter having electrically-heated hair dryers and Vibro massage machines. Special devices are provided in the kitchen for mincing, grinding, slicing, washing plates, peeling potatoes, mixing dough, and other purposes.

A printing machine, laundry motor, gymnastic motor, and photographic pr printing machine for the dark room are among the miscellaneous applications that have become convenient because of the electric drive.

There is, of course, a complete system of bells and telephones throughout the ship and excellent equipment for wireless telegraphy, both on the vessel itself and the motor lifeboats.

The design and decorations of the vessel embody a considerable amount of luxury. There is a swimming bath, 29 ft. long by 17 ft. broad by 8 ft. deep, on the orlop deck, with marble and tile floors and an upper tier of dressing boxes around a gallery.

The public rooms include a dining room, social hall (corresponding to a drawing-room, but with a stage and a dance floor), lounge, reading and writing room, smoke room, and, on the top deck, a winter garden, and a children's playroom, all for the accommodation of first-class passengers, with some cabins deluxe, including a bedroom 20 ft. by 10 ft., as well. The forward staircase passes through six decks, and there is also the main staircase aft. The height from the level of this deck to the top of the skylight over the staircase is about 60 ft.

The decorations of these several rooms are in the most various styles and carried out to the highest point of richness, models being sought in the styles of the French Empire, the Georgian epoch, and some country scats on which the brothers Adam, Grinling Gibbons, and others have done notable work.

The winter garden is in the Moorish style, and the children's playroom is a cottage and gardens of a Kate Greenaway type. The choice of marbles, timbers, floorcloths, tiles, and other elements of decorative construction, shows a wide variety and careful thought.


"The Motor Passenger Liner Asturias," in Engineering: An Illustrated Weekly Journal, London, Vol. CXX, 10 July 1925, pp. 45-46.


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