SS France Archival Collection
- France (1867) National Line (British)
- France (1912) French Line
- France (1961) French line
- Passenger Lists
- Sailing Schedules
- Route Maps, Track Charts, Abstract of Logs
- Back Cover Images
- Fleet List
- Excerpts from Information for Passengers
- The Steamship "France" of the French Line - 1912
France (1867) National Line (British)
Built by T. Royden & Sons, Liverpool, England. Tonnage: 3,572. Dimensions: 385' x 42'. Single-screw, 12 knots. Inverted engines. Three masts and one funnel. Clipper bow. Iron hull. Launched: 4 July 1867. Maiden voyage: Liverpool-New York, 13 October 1867. Modifications: Vessel enlarged to 4,281 tons in 1875. Compound engines in 1880. Final Voyage: To New York in 1893. Sister ships: England and Denmark.
France (1912) French Line
Illustration of the SS France of the CGT French Line. SS Chicago Passenger List, 15 April 1919. GGA Image ID # 157b499d79
Built by Chantiers & Ateliers (Penhoet), St. Nazaire, France. Tonnage: 23,769. Dimensions: 690' x 75' (720' o.l.). Quadruple-screw, 24 knots. Four steam turbines. Two masts and four funnels. Keel laid in February 1909. Launched: 20 September 1910. Passengers: 535 first, 440 second, 950 third. Maiden voyage: Havre-New York, 20 April 1912. Speed: During her speed trials made 25.9 knots. Noted as a very fast liner, and the nearest in speed to the Lusitania and Mauretania of that era. Made the run between Havre and New York in 5 days, 17 hours. World War I Service: Renamed France IV for the French Navy. Used as troopship, and also in role of hospital ship. Post War Service: Returned to passenger service in August 1919. Modifications: Converted from coal to oil fuel in 1923. Fate: Laid up at Le Havre in September 1932. Broken up by Dunkirk shipbreakers in 1936.
France (1961) French line
Built by Chantiers de F Atlantique, St. Nazaire, France. Tonnage: 66,000. Dimensions: 1,035' (o.l.) x 110'. Quad- ruple-screw, 31 knots. Steam turbines. Single-mast and two funnels. Keel laid 7 October 1957. Launched: 11 May 1960. Unique Characteristics: The 8 boilers installed will develop a total of 160,000 H.P. Equipped with stabilizers, which should cut roll to less than two degrees. Speed: Attained a speed of 34.13 knots during her trials in November 1961. There are 11 decks. Capacity: Accommodation for 500 first and 1,500 tourist. Maiden voyage: Havre- New York, 3 February 1962. Service: Southampton-Le Havre-New York and Winter Cruises. Sale: Purchased by Norwegian Cruise Line (NCL) in 1979, renamed SS Norway (1980–2006) and SS Blue Lady (2006–2008). Modifications: Underwent significant modifications in 1979 to refit her for cruising duties. Fate: Out of Service in May 2003 and Scrapped in 2006.
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First and Second Cabin Passenger List for the SS France of the CGT French Line, Departing 3 October 1921 From Le Havre for New York, Commanded by Captain Louis Roch.
First and Second Class Passenger List for the SS France of the CGT French Line, Departing 5 October 1922 from Le Havre for New York via Plymouth, Commanded by Captain Louis Roch. Récapitulation: 298 First Class, 419 Second Class, 306 Third Class, 1,023 Total Passengers.
First and Second Cabin Passenger List for the SS France of the CGT French Line, Departed 27 September 1924 From Le Havre for New York via Plymouth, Commanded by Captain L. Roch. Récapitulation: 423 First Class, 242 Second Class, 73 Third Class, 738 Total Passengers.
First and Second Cabin Passenger List for the SS France of the CGT French Line, Departing 29 May 1931 from New York for Le Havre via Plymouth, Commanded by Captain G. Burgosse. Récapitulation: 198 First Class, 91 Second Class, 197 Third Class, 486 Total Passengers.
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Il s'agit d'une brochure pour le lancement Steamship SS France de la CGT-French Line produite en 1912 qui offre une excellente critique du livre de l'hébergement de première classe, des services, des détails de la salle des machines et des chaudières, des dispositions et beaucoup plus.
This is a brochure for the Steamship SS France launch of the CGT-French Line produced in 1912 which offers an excellent review of the book of first class accommodation, services, details of the engine room and boilers, provisions and much more. Translated from the French.
The Compagnie Générale Transatlantique issued this beautiful brochure to present its luxurious new ocean liner, the FRANCE.
This rare original brochure dates from 1912 and features a gold embossed cover with an early "CGT" (French Line) monogram in a blue medallion surrounded by gold embossed dolphin and rinceaux cartouche, in the style of the 18th-century decor used in the ship. The cover borders and inside flaps and the borders and illustrations used in the page layout are a more modern Art Nouveau style.
The interior of the brochure is comprised of 16 pages of text in French by A. Pawlowski, illustrations, and photographs presenting the ship, including rare images of the legendary "Appartement de grand luxe" with its giltwood paneling copied faithfully from the private royal apartments at Versailles, the magnificent "Grand Hall" (the paneling of which is now displayed at the French Line museum in Le Havre) and the sumptuous "Grand Salon" with its copy of the Rigaud portrait of Louis XIV.
The center of the brochure holds a handsome two-page color artist's impression of the FRANCE in New York harbor.
The last two pages are dedicated to the "Ventre du Monstre," the "Monster's Stomach," and extolling the many virtues of Compagnie Générale Transatlantiques cuisine, listing the incredible quantities of beef, fish, wine, etc. brought on board for every voyage.
This first brochure emphasizes style and cuisine over safety, although a section on the ship's engine room mentions the watertight door and compartment system. It is interesting to note that the FRANCE's maiden voyage took place on April 20th, 1912, just five days after the sinking of the TITANIC. The French vessel had a sufficient number of lifeboats for the 2,558 souls on board right from the start and did not have to be altered due to the TITANIC disaster.
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Beautiful, elegant cover for a piano recital by Jacqueline NOURRIT on board the SS France of the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique French Line on 22 January 1931. Featured compositions from Schubert, Chopin, Schumann, Liszt, Ravel, Debussy, and others.
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Sailing Schedule (Part 1 of 2), Le Havre-New York via Plymouth, from 27 September 1924 to 18 December 1924. Ships Included the De Grasse, France, La Savoie, Paris, Rochambeau, and Suffren. SS France Passenger List, 27 September 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e5c9e2ea0
Sailing Schedule (Part 2 of 2), Le Havre-New York via Plymouth, from 13 December 1924 to 12 February 1925. Ships Included the De Grasse, France, La Savoie, Paris, and Rochambeau, and Suffren. SS France Passenger List, 27 September 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e5cd0016f
Sailing Schedule (Part 1 of 2), Le Havre-Plymouth-New York and Le Havre-New York, from 31 March 1926 to 12 June 1926. Ships Included the Chicago, France, de Grasse, La Savoie, Paris, and Suffren. SS Paris Passenger List, 31 March 1926. GGA Image ID # 1e46416fba
Sailing Schedule (Part 2 of 2), Le Havre-Plymouth-New York and Le Havre-New York, from 9 June 1926 to 7 July 1926. Ships Included the France, de Grasse, La Savoie, Paris, and Suffren. SS Paris Passenger List, 31 March 1926. GGA Image ID # 1e46835bb1
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Some 200 superb photographs—in long shots and close-ups—capture exquisite interiors of world's great "floating palaces"—1890s to 1980s: Titanic, Île de France, Queen Elizabeth, United States, Europa, more. Informative captions provide key details.
Sumptuous volume recalls the glorious early years of elegant transatlantic travel. Over 190 historic photographs depict exterior and interior views of 101 great ocean liners, including the Virginian, Imperator, Vaterland, Bismarck, Lusitania, Mauretania, Balmoral Castle, Titanic, Olympic, Aquitania and dozens more. Full captions.
The book profiles the opulent lifestyles aboard such floating palaces as Normandie, Rex, Olympic, Amerika, Queen Mary, France, Mauritania, Queen Elizabeth II, Imperator, and Titanic. "Perhaps the most readable book on the subject ever to have appeared" --Country Life. Black-and-white photographs.
An authentic replication to the smallest detail of the best of The Shipbuilder magazine, 1906-1914, including articles on the Titanic, Olympic, Lusitania, Mauretania, and more. This encyclopedic collection contains original text, photographs, and advertisements, as well as 22 fold-out blueprint plans, five color plates, a two-color Titanic cutaway folding advertisement and even two facsimile subscription forms.
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Route Maps, Track Charts, Abstract of Logs
CGT French Line Route Map by Pierre Lafitte, Paris, Showing the Transatlantic Routes Used by Steamships in 1921. From the Back Cover of the SS France Passenger List for 3 October 1921. GGA Image ID # 157af09769
Track Chart and Memorandum of Log (Unused), SS France Passenger List, 27 September 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e5c736b08
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Back Cover Images
Back Cover, SS France Passenger List, 5 October 1922. Illustration by Maquet Gr. Paris-Nice. GGA Image ID # 1da8f69a7c
Back Cover, SS France Passenger List, 27 September 1924. GGA Image ID # 1581a576e9
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Compagnie Générale Transatlantique (CGT) French Line Fleet List, 1924, Part 1 of 4. SS France Passenger List, 27 September 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e5b0eae9d
Compagnie Générale Transatlantique (CGT) French Line Fleet List, 1924, Part 2 of 4. SS France Passenger List, 27 September 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e5bc938f0
Compagnie Générale Transatlantique (CGT) French Line Fleet List, 1924, Part 3 of 4. SS France Passenger List, 27 September 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e5be287ca
Compagnie Générale Transatlantique (CGT) French Line Fleet List, 1924, Part 4 of 4. SS France Passenger List, 27 September 1924. GGA Image ID # 1e5bf32772
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The SS "France" Ocean Liner of Compagnie Générale Transatlantique - French Line (1912). The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119c4de068
Color Painting of the SS France (1912). The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 1e5de6c297
The Steamship "France" of the Compagnie Generale Transatlantique has its first departure for New York (20 April 1912). The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119c775091
First Class Grand Hall. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119e28f802
Living Room of the Luxury Suite. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119c792ea9
Private living room of a Luxury Suite. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119cb54ee5
Luxury Cabin. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119cd5ef5c
Dining Room of the Luxury Suite. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119ca47bb9
First Class Cabin. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119ce48276
First Class Cabin with Baths. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119cd77d20
Corner of the First Class Dining Room. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 11a1c9072e
A Corner of the First Class Dining Room. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119f859484
Grand Staircase of the First Class Dining Room. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119dadec5a
Statue of "France" by Nelson - First Class Great Hall. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 11a22ddb37
A First Class Gallery. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 11a09a9876
First Class Gallery. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119edbc519
First Class Mixed Use Lounge. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119d6db5f2
First Class Mixed Use Lounge. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119fd69a80
Mixed Use Lounge of the First Class. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 11a07d1293
A Corner of the First Class Mixed Use Lounge. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 11a0833d61
Moorish Lounge. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119ea683db
Café Terrace. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119f547509
Children's Games Room. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119d5fd284
Grand Salon of the First Class. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119e6283d6
First Class Grand Salon. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 11a0ad5f29
Fireplace of the First Class Grand Salon. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 11a0bee5b3
Second Class Smoking Room. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119dff436a
Collage of First Class Accommodation of the Steamship France (1912). From top to bottom: First Class Library; Grand Salon of the First Class; Mixed Use Lounge of the First Class; and First Class Smoking Room. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119f72efb7
Mechanotherapy. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119f14bc01
Hydrotherapy. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 119f712337
The wheelhouse. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 11a0f7402a
Turbine Maneuvering Table (Control Room). The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 11a17f0d11
Group of Dynamos. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 11a1105ee9
Stokers Keep The Coal Fires Burning in the Boiler Room. The New SS France Liner, 1912. GGA Image ID # 11a1519802
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Excerpts from Information for Passengers
Going to New York
All baggage (excepting hand bags, etc.) must be checked at Gare St. Lazare the day before departure. Cabin trunks will be sent direct from the steamer train to the- proper cabins.
Passengers are eautioned that the utmost care should be taken in filling out the questionnaire for the United States Immigration authorities, as any error may result in conside-rable inconvenience, or possibly in detention of the passenger.
Great care should also be exercised in filling out the United States Customs declarations, showing the exact number of pieces of baggage, listing all articles acquired since leaving the United States, and stating the full value of all such articles. Returning citizens are entitled to free entry of one hundred dollars’ worth of goods acquired abroad. In filling out this declaration, a close adherence to the directions given thereon will obviate a great deal of delay on reaching New York.
Arrival in New York
All hold and cabin baggage is removed from the steamer as quickly as possible upon arrival, tend is placed on the pier beneath the letter corresponding to the initial letter of the passenger’s last name. When all baggage has been assembled, the passenger presents, at the Customs desk, the numbered slip tom from the bottom of the declaration and an inspector will be assigned to examine the passenger’s baggage.
The receipt for baggage cheeked at Gare St-Lazare before departure from Paris will be taken up by a representative of the Company’s baggage department as the passenger passes out through the Customs barrier in New York.
The Company’s Baggage Master on the Pier, will, on request, check baggage to home, hotel or railroad station.
Representatives of railroad, telegraph, and express companies will be found on the pier at the service of passengers.
Telephone booths are located on the pier, for local or long distance service.
Public taxicab stands are located in front of the pier.
An information bureau has been provided for the convenience of passengers, and all requests for information of a general character should be made here. Radiograms, cablegrams, telegrams and letters will be received here for dispatch, and no member of the ship’s staff, other than those on duty at this office, is authorized to accept such communications. Passengers are requested to ask for a receipt on the Company’s form for the telegram. Here mail will be distributed and postage stamps may be purchased.
Passengers should personally ascertain, before disem-barking if there is any mail for them at this office, and may, if they so desire, leave a forwarding address, in order that any communications received after they have left the ship may be re directed.
Charges Collected on Board
Passengers are requested to ask for a receipt on the Company’s form for all charges collected on board.
Changes in Accommodations
No changes can be made in the accommodations of passengers except officially by the Purser.
The steamer is almost always in communication either with shore stations or passing steamers. The Information Bureau will give information regarding rates and wil receive messages for transmission.
An experienced stenographer is on board, whose services are at the disposal of passengers. Rates for this service may be had on application at the information bureau.
Tourist Information Bureau
A tourist information bureau has been established on board of the Paris and is in charge of a competent repre-sentative of the Office National du Tourisme. Here all travel and tourist information may be obtained, reservations made for hotels, steamers, railroads, and automobiles and necessary tickets secured.
North African Motor Tours
Full information, reservations and tickets for the North African Motor Tours, conducted by the Compagnie Generate Transatlantique may be obtained at the Purser’s Office.
Passengers are urged to insure their baggage, as the French Line’s liability is strictly limited in accordance with the contract ticket. All inquiries regarding baggage should be made to the baggage master on the pier before sailing, or to the baggage master on board.
Passengers are cautioned not to keep money, jewelry and other valuables in their state-rooms.
- On board all liners, valuables may be left at the Information Bureau for deposit in the ship’s safe. Special envelopes to be sealed and marked with owner’s name will be supplied. No charge is made for this service
- In addition, both s/s “Paris” and “France ” are provided with a safe deposit vaults, similar to those of a modern bank, which is placed at the disposal of passengers. Individual compartments may be obtained upon payment of f 1.00. Keys of individual compartments are left in charge of travelers during the whole crossing, thus allowing them free access to their valuables whenever they so desire
Therefore, the French Line cannot accept any responsibility for loss or damage Passengers can protect themselves by insurance which may be obtained by application to the purser’s office.
Exchange of Money
For the convenience of passengers, the information bureau attendant is prepared to exchange a limited amount of money; rates will be quoted on application.
Passengers desiring to file letters of claim, commendation, or complaint, are requested to present them to the Purser.
Recovery of U.S. Head Tax
All aliens sixteen years of age and over are requires to pay a United States Government Head Tax of $ 8.00 at time of purchasing their tickets for the Westbound voyage. Children under sixteen years, when accompanied by father or mother, are exempt. Aliens in transit through the United States, or on a temporary visit not exceeding 60 days, can secure refund of this Head Tax, providing they inform the U. S. Immigration Inspector, on arrival at New York, of their intention to leave the United States within 60 days, and obtain from him Transit Certificate, form 514. This certificate must be signed by the Conductor of the Train or Purser of the Vessel on which the passenger leaves the United States, and returned to the Company’s Office at 19 State Street, New York City within 120 days from date of arrival.
A Post Office under the management of a representative of the French Government Postal Service is on board, where postal money orders, stamps and post cards may be obtained, mail registered, and all usual post office business transacted.
Passenger’s addresses may be left at the Information Bureau, in order that any letters received after passengers have left the ship may be forwarded.
Passenger’s may have Mail, Telegrams and cables sent to the care of any of the French Line Chief Offices.
Meals will be served as follows
Breakfast ... 7 to 9:30 A.M 7 to 8:30 am
Luncheon 12:15 P.M Noon
Tea 3 to 5 P.M 3 to 4:00 pm
Dinner 7:30 P.M 7 P. M.
A gong is sounded half an hour before and at the beginning of meals
Seats at Table
Seats at the dining-tables are assigned by the Second Steward immediately after sailing, governed as far as possible by the wishes of the passengers. Children are not entitled to seats in the main dining-saloon unless full fare is paid.
Passengers are requested not to smoke in the dining rooms, music rooms, library, or staterooms
Wine is served without charge at luncheon and dinner during the voyage. When ordering special wines, champagnes, cordials, aperitifs, etc., passengers are requested to sign cards at table. Accounts for these will be presented at the end of the voyage by the dining room sergeant to whom payment should be made.
The bar opens at 7.30 A. M. and closes at 11:00 pm, but it is within the discretion of the Captain, at any time during the voyage, to close it should he consider this course advisable.
Passengers are informed that professional Gamblers are reported as frequently crossing on Atlantic Steamers, and are warned to take precautions accordingly.
The Ice Room is at the disposal of passengers who desire to preserve fruits, flowers, or other perishables during the voyage.
Passengers will please arrange the hours for their baths with the bathroom steward or stewardess.
These may be obtained on application to the steward or stewardess.
Chairs and Rugs
Deck chairs can be hired from the deck steward at a charge of $1.50 each for the duration of the voyage. Steamer rugs are also available at $ 1.50 each. Chair cushions can also be arranged for with the deck steward. Blankets and pillows must not be taken from the staterooms for use on deck.
A gymnasium, completely equipped with the most modern apparatus, and in charge of a competent instructor, is available for exercise for passengers. No charge is made either for the use of this equipment or the services of the instructor.
The gymnasium supplied with modern appliances is situated on Deck » B » and is open for the use of passengers as follows : ladies and gentlemen from 8:00 am to 1:00 pm and 8 p. m. to 6:00 pm children : from 1:00 pm to 3:00 pm
A massage room an electric bath cabinet and two shower bath rooms in charge of an experienced masseur are in the gymnasium.
In charge of an expert tailor, a pressing and cleaning room is available for the use of passengers having any such work to be done, rates for which may be had on application at the information bureau.
The ship’s Doctor is at the disposal of passengers requiring his professional services, for which no charge is made. In all cases, medicine will be furnished free by the Company when prescribed by the Doctor.
The barber-shop is open from 8:00 am to Noon and 2 P. M. to 7:00 pm, and a fixed tariff of charges is posted therein. The barber is also allowed the privilege of selling various articles.
The ladies’ hairdressing parlor is open from 8:00 am to Noon and 2 P. M. to 7 P. M., and a fixed price-list may be found posted there.
The services of a manicurist are at the disposal of the passengers at a fixed rate which will be advised upon application.
Dogs will be carried at the owner’s risk, in the kennel, at the rate of $ 15.00 each and tickets for them should be obtained at the time of securing passenger’s own ticket. In instances where this has not been done, the Purser is authorized to collect the charges. Dogs to be landed in England require a special license from te Secretary of Agriculture in London. Without such license they will not be received on board ship. There are no restriction as to the landing of dogs in France.
Passenger elevators provide between decks B. C, D, and E.
Cleaning of Shoes
Shoes left outside of cabin doors in the evening will be cleaned free of charge. However, the French Line accepts no responsibility for thefts resulting from passengers taking advantage of this service.
Mass on Sunday at 9:30 AM. in the grand salon.
Deck Games and Amusements
Golf, Croquet, Bull Board, Shuffleboard, Deck Quoits Tonneau and other games are provided on deck and may be had from the deck steward on application. Chess, Mah Yougg Checkers, Dominos, Jacquet, etc., can be had on application to the lounge or smoking room stewards.
Series of cinematograph shows are given every day on board all.
The orchestra is playing during the shows.
A large and well-chosen library is at the disposal of passengers and books may be obtained from the steward in charge, subject to the rules of the Company. Passengers are urged in the interest of their fellow-passengers, not to delay in returning books to the library after they have been read. The borrower must pay the full value of lost or damaged books.
Picture postcards and sectional views of the steamer can be obtained at the information bureau and at the library.
An orchestra of professional musicians will play at times and places mentioned below:
|2:15 to 3:00 pm||second class salon|
|4 to 5:00 pm||first class salon mixte|
|5:00 pm to 6:00 pm||during the movies show|
|9 to 10:00 pm||first class grand salon|
|10 to 11:00 pm||first class grand salon (for dancing)|
A playroom has been provided for children forward on B-Deck. A Punch and Judy Show (Guignol) is presented here each day at 3:00 pm
Photographic dark room
The Guignol attendant has charge of the Photographic Dark Room for any work on plates, films and prints for passengers.
Magasins du Louvre
There has been established on board, in charge of a competent representative, a branch of the Parisian depart-ment store, Les Grands Magasins du Louvre, where a large assortment of merchandises and objets d’art is on sale.
Source: SS France Passenger List 27 September 1924
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Vintage Postcard of the SS France of the CGT French Line (1912). PC 1040 Le Paquebot Transatlantique "France"; Length 220 meters; Breadth 23 meters; Tonnage 22,500; Horsepower 40,000; Passengers: 534 First Class; 412 Second Class; 226 3rd Class; and 724 Steerage. Crew: 600; Total Capacity: 2,526 people. GGA Image ID # 1e7f84a29a
Front Side of a Picture Postcard of the SS France at Le Havre, Postally Used 15 September 1922. GGA Image ID # 178865bfe6
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Advertisement -- Fast Mail Service, Paris-Le Havre-Plymouth-New York by the SS France. GGA Image ID # 1e7f8864a2
FAST MAIL SERVICE PARIS • HAVRE • PLYMOUTH • NEW YORK By the quadruple screw turbine steamer FRANCE Gross tonnage 24,839 — Displacement 27,192 Horsepower 42.000 Length 714 ft, Width 76 ft.
SS FRANCE is equipped with a long-distance wireless telegraph and the Bell Safety Signal, which signals at a certain distance the approach of other vessels and adds to the safety of steamers, especially in case of fog.
The hull of the SS FRANCE is divided into numerous watertight compartments, automatically operated from the Bridge in case of danger.
SS FRANCE is also equipped with a complete system of fire signals consisting of electric lamps and bells.
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The Steamship "France" of the French Line - 1912
By M. Gouriet—Le Genie Civil
The Compagnie General Transatlantique fleet has been augmented recently by adding its lines to the largest vessel yet constructed in French shipyards.
The SS France, built at the Saint-Nazaire yards, sailed on the 20th of April on its first trip in the service of its company from Havre bound to New York.
This vessel continues the line of ships, Lorraine, Savoie, and Provence, built since 1898 at the same yards and destined solely for the rapid transport of mail and passengers across the Atlantic.
Work commenced on the SS France on the 20th of April, 1909; it was launched on the 20th of September, 1910, at which time its displacement was about 11,300 tons — the heaviest launching weight yet occurring in French yards. The total time for its construction was precisely three years.
The maximum dimensions of the SS France are as follows:
- Length overall..................217.23 m.
- Length between perpendiculars........208.83 m..
- Extreme breadth.................. 23.00 m.
- Depth to upper deck.............. 24.00 m.
- Maximum displacement.............27,180 tons
- Draught under load................ 9.10 m.
- Cargo capacity................... 1,400 cu.m.
- Bunker capacity.................. 4,200 cu.m.
- Number of decks...................... 8
- Number of transverse bulkheads 13
- Number of lifeboats................. 22
The weight of passengers, provisions, and cargo represents but 2.8 percent of the total displacement of 27,180 tons. This fraction of liner displacement is decreasing; on the Savoie, which was placed in service in 1901, it was 7.5 percent; on the Provence, which made its first trip in 1906, it was not more than 4.7 percent. From such small items, one can appreciate the great care exercised toward the economy in avoidable weight.
The SS France will have a maximum list of 2,526 persons, divided as follows; 534 first-class passengers, 442 second-class, 950 third-class, and 600 officers and crew, including stewards,
stewardesses, stokers, etc.
The hull plates have a minimum thickness of 20 millimeters. In the bottom, the plates and members are of soft steel with resistance against 50 kilograms per square millimeter rupture. In the upper plates, high-tensile steel had a resistance of 60 kilograms per square millimeter.
A double bottom runs nearly throughout the ship's length and is divided by fifteen watertight compartments comprising the water ballast. This assures the stability of the vessel proportionately to the coal consumption.
This water ballast has a total capacity of 1,967 cubic meters, representing about 2,018 tons of salt water when filled. There are also two water ballasts for fresh water, with a full capacity of 725 cubic meters.
On leaving port, the ship carried 800 tons of fresh water, of which 400 were used in the engines and 400 for passengers and crew. This amount provides 20 liters of wash water and 6 liters of drinking water per capita per day.
The ship is divided crosswise into fourteen compartments with thirteen watertight bulkheads. As used in the earlier vessels, the bulkhead doors are operated on the Stone-Lloyd hydraulic system, with the control point on the bridge. The filling of any two transverse compartments would not affect the navigability of the ship.
There are four boiler rooms, each occupying a transverse compartment, placed one before the other, and having a total length of 77 meters. The boilers are cylindrical with four to eight furnaces; 11 double-ended boilers with eight furnaces each, and eight with four furnaces each, or 120 for the nineteen boilers.
Electricity is necessary for light, and power is supplied from two equal-powered stations on the G deck. Each of these stations operates two 400-watt turbo motors. The forward station operates the lighting and cabin ventilating systems, while the after station furnishes power for the furnace draft fans. These stations are interconnected, however, and either may perform the duties of the other.
A Cail refrigerating engine employs and operates the Linde duplex ammonia refrigerating system.
The interior arrangements on the SS France differ materially from those on the other ships. For example, the lowest continuous deck, G, is traversed by a large passageway that communicates with the several transverse compartments, doing away with the necessity of descending to the hold and opening the bulkhead doors.
In this large passageway are found the more significant part of the necessary auxiliary supplies, not only for the boilers and furnaces but also for the life and safety of the ship. The passageway also opens at the stern into various provision magazines and quarters for stokers, stewards, etc., and quarters for emigrants and crew at the bow.
The accommodations for first-class passengers occupy all the upper part of the ship and most of the lower decks. Quarters for the second-class passengers occupy the several decks at the vessel's stern, while the third-class is forward.
The first-class salons are the most spacious and finished with all possible conveniences. The cabins are all equipped with bathrooms, and the state-room suites contain every luxury.
Second-class cabins could be much better in their accommodations than first-class cabins. They are much more luxurious than first-class on the older boats.
In the trials of SS France, an average speed of 25 knots was maintained for twenty-four hours, which exceeded all expectations. With the exception of the Mauretania and Lusitania of the Cunard line, the SS France is the fastest steamship in the world.
At this speed, the engines developed 47,000 horsepower. Yet, the coal consumption was one-tenth less than estimated before the trials.
M. Gouriet, "The Steamship France of the French Line," in The Engineering Magazine, Volume 43, No 4, July 1912: 610-612.
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