World War 1 - Articles on The Great War
As the 1914–1918 conflict came to be known, the Great War became a world war indeed as it drew in Japan, British colonies in the Pacific, and European colonial holdings throughout Africa, Asia, and North America. Meanwhile, wary of embroiling itself in the conflict, the United States initially remained neutral and pursued international trade profits while protecting its interests at home and in the Pacific. For almost three years, World War I raged around the globe before the United States officially entered the fight on 6 April 1917. The fighting ended after the Armistice on 11 November 1918.
So, in June 1917, when General Pershing arrived in Paris with the first contingent of the Expeditionary Forces, there were crowds in the streets and about the station to meet him and to acclaim the American soldiers.
Descriptions of various American Expeditionary Force Divisions that Arrived in France During 1918: Five divisions arrived during July 1918, Five during August, and another five during September for a total force of 15 divisions.
There was also fighting on a vast scale in Eastern Europe between the Central Powers and Russia. The Russians began well by two invasions of East Prussia, but the Germans found a Saviour in General Hindenburg, who drove the enemy back into his territories.
The direct use of poison gases, however, was specifically inhibited by The Hague Convention. They were used deliberately for the first time on April 22, 1915, on part of the Ypres salient.
The Christmas truce was a series of widespread unofficial ceasefires along the Western Front of the First World War around Christmas 1914. The truce occurred only five months into the war.
General March, American Chief of Staff, appended the following chronology to his annual report to Secretary Baker, made public Dec. 5, 1918. It is a complete official summary of the chief operations of the United States Army in France.
A detailed chronology of the war, month by month, dates the minor and major events of the First World War; in chronological order, essential events are briefly described providing a succinct birdseye view of the Great War.
The troops, having to march many miles a day, would greatly suffer if compelled always to await the arrival of the train carrying food. Therefore troops in the field must carry rations with them, and the ration consumed during the day must be replaced by the train at night.
Captured American soldiers, arriving in German prison camps, will And American lied Cross emergency food parcels awaiting them. If arrangements already In operation are fully carried out.
Offensive methods, daring attack, ability to maneuver so as to obtain the advantage, and to shoot quickly and hit the enemy vessel—these are the essentials of high command afloat.
Immigrants served in U.S. military during World War I in a variety of ways both at home and abroad. Many service members embraced their heritage while they devoted themselves to the defense of the U.S.
With the clear foresight, General Pershing had insisted from the beginning upon the development of a "self-reliant infantry, thoroughly drilled in the use of the rifle and in the tactics of open warfare."
During the summer of 1917 it occurred to a number of those interested in the war work of the Y M C A that a national newspaper published primarily for and so far as possible by the service men would meet just this need.
Listing of the United States Armies, Commanders, Divisions, Brigades, Regiments, and Battalions that served in France during the Great War, 1917-1918.
The first newspaper in the National Army, The Camp Dodger, official publication of the Eighty-Eighth Division, U.S.N.A., published at Camp Dodge. Iowa, is a four-page eight-column sheet of vital interests.
Realizing that we had been torpedoed, my imagination was rather disappointed at the slightness of the shock and the meekness of the report. One or two chairs tipped over, a few glasses crashed from table to floor, and in an instant, every man in the room was on his feet.
The Cunard Line RMS Laconia, launched in 1912 was a beautiful ship that became a fatality of the first world war when she was torpedoed and sunk on 25 February 1917 by the German submarine SM U-50. This is a first-hand account by Chicago Tribune reporter Floyd Gibbons, who later bacame a war correspondent.
The American destroyer Jacob Jones, one of the largest and fleetest vessels of its class, was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine on December 6 while on patrol duty in North Atlantic waters.
The effect of the war upon the United States will depend upon what American citizens say and do. Every man who really loves America will act and speak in the true spirit of neutrality, which is the spirit of impartiality and fairness and friendliness to all concerned.
The Committee on Public Information has modified its press regulations and has issued the following rules that are now presented to the publishers of America for the protection of our military and naval forces and of merchant shipping.
What is it to be American? We say that it is to love the Stars and Stripes. But a flag is no more than a symbol. It represents hopes and fears, struggles and achievements, something done and something yet to be done.