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World War 1 - Articles on The Great War

World War 1 - Articles on The Great War

As the 1914–1918 conflict came to be known, the Great War became a world war indeed as it drew in Japan, British colonies in the Pacific, and European colonial holdings throughout Africa, Asia, and North America. Meanwhile, wary of embroiling itself in the conflict, the United States initially remained neutral and pursued international trade profits while protecting its interests at home and in the Pacific. For almost three years, World War I raged around the globe before the United States officially entered the fight on 6 April 1917. The fighting ended after the Armistice on 11 November 1918.

Front Cover (Title Portion), To The Homeward Bound Americans by V. Van Vorst, 1919.

Americans Arrive in Paris - Homeward Bound Americans - 1919

So, in June 1917, when General Pershing arrived in Paris with the first contingent of the Expeditionary Forces, there were crowds in the streets and about the station to meet him and to acclaim the American soldiers.

American Soldiers Get Their First View of the Beautiful Country Which They Were to Have the Privilege of Helping to Save.

Arrival of American Expeditionary Force Divisions - 1918

Descriptions of various American Expeditionary Force Divisions that Arrived in France During 1918: Five divisions arrived during July 1918, Five during August, and another five during September for a total force of 15 divisions.

The Rulers of the Triple Entente. Nicholas, Once Czar of All the Russians (left), the Only Autocrat among the Allies, Was a Weak Ruler.

The Campaigns Against Russia 1914-1917

There was also fighting on a vast scale in Eastern Europe between the Central Powers and Russia. The Russians began well by two invasions of East Prussia, but the Germans found a Saviour in General Hindenburg, who drove the enemy back into his territories.

The Gas Mask Adopted by the United States.

Chemical Warfare - “Gas” In This War - 1918

The direct use of poison gases, however, was specifically inhibited by The Hague Convention. They were used deliberately for the first time on April 22, 1915, on part of the Ypres salient.

The Christmas Day Truce of 1914.

The Christmas Truce of 1914

The Christmas truce was a series of widespread unofficial ceasefires along the Western Front of the First World War around Christmas 1914. The truce occurred only five months into the war.

Portait of General March. Library of Congress.

Chronology of WW1 American Operations - 1918

General March, American Chief of Staff, appended the following chronology to his annual report to Secretary Baker, made public Dec. 5, 1918. It is a complete official summary of the chief operations of the United States Army in France.

The Red Ruins of Ypres Ypres, the British Soldiers "Wipers," Was the Scene of Much of the Bloodiest Fighting of the War.

WW1 Timeline 1914-1918

A detailed chronology of the war, month by month, dates the minor and major events of the First World War; in chronological order, essential events are briefly described providing a succinct birdseye view of the Great War.

Mess Time for The Soldiers of The Seas.

Feeding the Men on the Front Lines During World War 1 - 1920

The troops, having to march many miles a day, would greatly suffer if compelled always to await the arrival of the train carrying food. Therefore troops in the field must carry rations with them, and the ration consumed during the day must be replaced by the train at night.

Arrival of Food Parcels in Prison Camp, Münster.

Food Supplies Forwarded to German Prison Camp - 1918

Captured American soldiers, arriving in German prison camps, will And American lied Cross emergency food parcels awaiting them. If arrangements already In operation are fully carried out.

Forward Deck of the "Mississippi”.

The Gem of the Ocean - Our American Navy - 1918

Offensive methods, daring attack, ability to maneuver so as to obtain the advantage, and to shoot quickly and hit the enemy vessel—these are the essentials of high command afloat.

Americans All! Victory Liberty Loan.

The Immigrant Army: Immigrant Service Members in World War I

Immigrants served in U.S. military during World War I in a variety of ways both at home and abroad. Many service members embraced their heritage while they devoted themselves to the defense of the U.S.

Another Photograph from the Second Battle of the Marne.

In The Battles of the Great War - 1919

With the clear foresight, General Pershing had insisted from the beginning upon the development of a "self-reliant infantry, thoroughly drilled in the use of the rifle and in the tactics of open warfare."

Front Page of a Trench and Camp Newspaper Printed Weekly for the YMCA

A National War Service Newspaper - 1922

During the summer of 1917 it occurred to a number of those interested in the war work of the Y M C A that a national newspaper published primarily for and so far as possible by the service men would meet just this need.

General Headquarters of the Allied Expeditionary Forces at Chaumont.

Personnel of the AEF in France - 1918

Listing of the United States Armies, Commanders, Divisions, Brigades, Regiments, and Battalions that served in France during the Great War, 1917-1918.

The Camp Dodger - a Camp Dodge Newspaper Shows the Format of a Typical Front Page

Review of Camp Dodger and The Bayonet Camp Newspapers - 1918/1919

The first newspaper in the National Army, The Camp Dodger, official publication of the Eighty-Eighth Division, U.S.N.A., published at Camp Dodge. Iowa, is a four-page eight-column sheet of vital interests.

RMS Laconia Torpedoed by German U-Boat - 1918

RMS Laconia Torpedoed by German U-Boat - 1918

Realizing that we had been torpedoed, my imagination was rather disappointed at the slightness of the shock and the meekness of the report. One or two chairs tipped over, a few glasses crashed from table to floor, and in an instant, every man in the room was on his feet.

Portrait Photo of Floyd Gibbons Following the Sinking of the RMS Laconia on 25 February 1917 by SM U-50.

Sinking of the Cunard "Laconia" - 1918

The Cunard Line RMS Laconia, launched in 1912 was a beautiful ship that became a fatality of the first world war when she was torpedoed and sunk on 25 February 1917 by the German submarine SM U-50. This is a first-hand account by Chicago Tribune reporter Floyd Gibbons, who later bacame a war correspondent.

The USS Jacob Jones, An American Destroyer, Torpedoed and Sunk by a German U-Boat, 6 December 1917.

The Sinking of the American Destroyer Jacob Jones - 1917

The American destroyer Jacob Jones, one of the largest and fleetest vessels of its class, was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine on December 6 while on patrol duty in North Atlantic waters.

Painting of President Woodrow Wilson by Edmund Charles Tarbell, Oil on Canvas, 1920-1921.

The American People and The Great War - 1914

The effect of the war upon the United States will depend upon what American citizens say and do. Every man who really loves America will act and speak in the true spirit of neutrality, which is the spirit of impartiality and fairness and friendliness to all concerned.

President Woodrow Wilson Created the Committee on Public Information (CPI)

War News Not Publishable - 1918

The Committee on Public Information has modified its press regulations and has issued the following rules that are now presented to the publishers of America for the protection of our military and naval forces and of merchant shipping.

The Ablest Educators of the Country Are Now Engaged in Devising the Quickest and Easiest Methods of Teaching the Immigrant the Language of the Country of His Adoption.

What Does It Mean to Be an American? - 1918

What is it to be American? We say that it is to love the Stars and Stripes. But a flag is no more than a symbol. It represents hopes and fears, struggles and achievements, something done and something yet to be done.

 

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World War I Collections
GG Archives

World War 1 Collection

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The Folks Behind the GG Archives

The GG Archives is the work and passion of two people, Paul Gjenvick, a professional archivist, and Evelyne Gjenvick, a curator. Paul earned a Masters of Archival Studies - a terminal degree from Clayton State University in Georgia, where he studied under renowned archivist Richard Pearce-Moses. Our research into the RMS Laconia and SS Bergensfjord, the ships that brought two members of the Gjønvik family from Norway to the United States in the early 20th century, has helped us design our site for other genealogists. The extent of original materials at the GG Archives can be very beneficial when researching your family's migration from Europe.