The Immigration Problem: A Bibliography - 1909

The Immigration Problem: A Bibliography - 1909

This bibliography is the second of a series upon American Social Questions prepared by the students of the Wisconsin Library School, Class of 1908, and submitted by them in fulfillment of the requirements for graduation.

The aim in publishing the bibliographies is to supply carefully chosen reading references to up-to-date books and recent magazines bearing on urgent questions which are before the people.

These questions have all aroused general popular interest and are widely discussed. Among them are The Negro, Poverty, Excessive Wealth, Municipal Government, the Increase of Crime, and the Labor Problem. Although the mass of material which has accumulated on all of these questions is considerable the lists have been kept small and the references carefully selected and annotated with the needs of the small library in view.

It is hoped that the series will furnish guides to the best literature and be of use to those desiring to look up special points or to read in an orderly way. Popular articles are given for those who would become familiar with the main issues only, as well as scientific material for those who would study more thoroughly.

Interesting subjects for high school and literary society debates will be found in considering; the effectiveness of various methods of solving the problems. The series is also adaptable as an outline for study or discussions in civic organizations, betterment leagues, social settlement clubs, and men's clubs.

The arrangement of references, by means of which each bibliography becomes a logically developed study, follows outlines supplied by Mr. Richard Henry Edwards of Madison, Wisconsin, and used in his Social Problems Group, an account of which will be found in Charities and the Commons for October 17, 1908.

The accompanying references upon the Immigration Problem have been approved by specialists.

General Bibliography

This Bibliography of a general nature assists students in the study of immigration and its effects. The author focuses on the immigration problems of the United States at the turn of the twentieth century.

References * marked thus are suggested for a more scientific or detailed study of the problem.


Bliss, W. D. P. New encyclopedia of social reform. Funk,1908. $7.50. See article on immigration, p. 597-600.

A clear and comprehensive account of immigration.

Brandenburg, Broughton. Imported Americans. Stokes, 1904. $1.60.

The experiences of a disguised American and his wife, studying the immigration question in Italy, on board ship, and in the settlements of New York.

Commons, J. R. Races and Immigrants in America. Macmilian. 1907. $1.50.

"Professor Commons believes that the dominant factor in American life. underlying all our political, legal, economic, ecclesiastical and moral problems is the conflict and assimillation of races. He has shown how the heterogeneous elements that go to make up the American people have influenced our institutions." N. Y. Times.

Gordon, W. Evans. Alien immigrants. Scribner, 1903. $1.50.

A description of the condition of Hebrews in European countries. The book is written from the British standpoint, but chapter 12 discusses the situation In the United States.

Grose, H. B. Aliens or Americans. N. Y. Eaton, 1906. 50c. (Young people's missionary movement).

An Illustrated presentation of immigration and its problems from a religious and patriotic point of view.

Grose, H. B. Incoming Millions. Revell, 1906. 50c.

Deals with the immigrant population, and contains valuable in formation culled from various sources.

Hall, P. F. Immigration and its effects upon the United States. Holt, 1906. $1.50.

One of the comprehensive books on the subject. It discusses Practically all Questions which have arisen and the suggestions made for avoiding the dangers.

Hunter, Robert. The Immigrant (in his Poverty. 1905. p. 261-317. Macmillan, 25c.).

The effect of unrestricted immigration upon the people of the United States.

Munsterburg, Hugo. Problems of Population (in his The Americans. 1904. p. 155-84. McClure, $2.50).

Treats of the political, economic, intellectual and social aspects of American life.

New International Encyclopedia. Dodd, 1903. See article on immigration v. 9, p. 830-40.

Riis, J. A. Making of an American. Macmillan, 1904. $1.50.

A history of his own life and experiences as a foreigner.

* Ripley, W. Z. The races of Europe. Appleton, 1899. 86. 2 v.

A standard scientific work which gives the ethnological relations of European peoples.

Smith, R. M. Emigration and Immigration. Scribner, 1890. $1.50.

Most important investigation up to its time of the effects of immigration on the United States, political, economic, and social.

Steiner, E. A. On the Trail of the Immigrant. Revell, 1906. $1.50.

The immigrant's side of the question. A sympathetic appeal to the heart of the free to confer freedom on the oppressed.

Sumner, H. L. Immigration (in Adams, T. S. and Sumner, H. L. Labor Problems. 1905. p. 68-111. Macmillan, $1.60).

* United States Immigration and Naturalization Bureau. Annual report of the Commissioner-General. Washington, Government Printing Office, 1907.

Recent reports can usually be obtained free of charge by addressing the Immigration Bureau, Washington, D. C.

* United States Industrial Commission on Immigration. Reports. Washington, Government Printing Office.

The most complete discussion of the subject will be found in v. 15. p. 1-840 and v. 19, p. 957-1030.

* United States Statistics Bureau (Commerce and Labor Department). Special Consular reports. v. 30, Emigration to the United States. Washington, Government Printing Office, 1904.

Walker, F. A. Immigration and Degradation (in his Discussions in economics and statistics. 1899. v. 2, p. 417-51. Holt, $6. 2v.).

The degrading influence of immigration.

Wells, H. G. The Immigrant (in his Future in America. 1906. p. 133-51. Harper, $2.).

The opinions of an Englishman who sees in the immense immigration from southern and eastern Europe a danger to the United States.

"Whelpley, J. D. Problem of the immigrant. Dutton, 1905. $3.

A digest of international legislation on immigration.

Williams, William. New Immigration (in National Conference if Charities and Corrections, Philadelphia, 1906. p. 285-99).

Some unfavorable features and possible remedies.

Woods, R. A. Americans in Process. Houghton, 1902. $1.50.

A settlement study of the different nationalities in Boston.


Balch, E. G. Our Slavic Fellow Citizens. Charities and the Commons, April 6-Dec. 7, 1907, v. 18-19. See index for paging.

A series of articles giving results of investigation into Slavic-American conditions. Especially valuable as treating various phases of the general problem.

Lowry, Edward. Americans In The Raw. World's Work, Oct. 1902, v. 4, p. 2644-55.

Their strange possessions, meager wealth, and what becomes of them.

McLaughlin, Allan. Immigration. Popular Science Monthly, June 1004. v. 65, p. 164-69.

The causes of immigration and how they indicate in most cases the relative desirability of immigrants.

Ogg, F. A. What an Immigrant Inspector Found in Europe. World To-day, Aug. 1906, v. 11, p. 803-07.

A striking account of the manner in which the governments of southern Europe aid the emigrants.

Progress of the World. Editorial. Review of Reviews, April 1908, v. 37, p. 387-89.

Ebb and flow In the labor markets.

Sherwood, H. F. New Aspects of American Immigration. Independent, Nov. 28, 1907, v. 63, p. 1290-97.

Conditions and feelings in other countries regarding emigration.

Watchorn, Robert. Gateway of the nations. Outlook, Dec 28, 1907, v. 87, p. 897-911.

As told by the Commissioner of immigration at the port of New York.

Extent and Character of Present Immigration


Groom, H. B. Alien Advance (in his Aliens or Americans. 1906. p. 17-29).

Mall, P. F. Statistical Tables (in his Immigration. 1907. p. 339-47).

* Immigration Restriction League. Immigration figures for 1907. (Bulletin no. 49).

These leaflets could have been obtained free of charge by addressing the secretary, Fiske Building, Boston, Mass.

* United States Immigration and Naturalization Bureau. Annual report of the Commissioner-General. 1907.

* United States Statistics Bureau. (Commerce and Labor Department). Special consular reports. v. 30, Emigration to the United States. 1904.

World almanac and encyclopedia. 1908. New York Press Publishing Co. p. 441.

Are we benefiting from Hungarian immigration? Review of Reviews, March 1906, v. 33, P. 354-56.

Reasons why it should be stopped.

Austin, 0. P. Is The New immigration Dangerous To The Country? North American Review, March 1004. v. 178, p. 558-70.

Author uses statistics to show that the immigrant class is an important factor in the development of the country and that their coming. subject to proper restrictions. will prove a benefit.

Immigration Facts and Figures. Editorial. Charities and the Commons, April 1907, v. 17, p. 727-28.

Immigration Numbers and Quality. Chautauquan, Feb. 1905, v. 40, p. 507-08.

Ogg, F. A. American Immigration at High Tide. World's Work. May 1907, v. 14, p. 8879-86.

The horde of aliens, whence they come and whither they go. Tables and maps.

Present Regulation of Admission and Restriction

a. The laws and regulations


Brandenburg, Broughton. How shall we make our immigration laws more effective? (in Proceedings of National Conference of Charities and Corrections, Philadelphia, 1906. p. 299-303).

Reasons why they should be made more effective.

* Hall, P. F. United States Immigration Laws, Act of Feb. 26, 1885, and Amendments (in his Immigration. 1906. p. 351-68).

* United States Immigration and Naturalization Bureau. Immigration laws and Regulations, July 1, 1907. Document 78, 1908.

These could have been obtained free of charge by addressing Immigration Bureau, Washington, D. C.

* Whelpley, J. D. United States Immigration Laws and Regulations (in his Problem of the immigrant. 1905. p. 82-142).


Hall, P. F. Present Status of Immigration Restriction. Gunton, April 1900, v. 18, p. 305-10.

The need of an educational test.

Hunt, Gaillard. New Citizenship Law. North American Review, July 1907, v. 185, p. 530-39.

A comprehensive article on the new law which went into effect July 1, 1907.

Vaulter, W. S. Immigration Laws of 1907. Review of Reviews, April 1907, v. 35, p. 469-71.

Principal value in codifying laws relating to immigration, and in strengthening previously existing conditions.

Sherwood, H. F. Silent Keeper of the Gate. Outlook, June 6, 1908, v. 89, p. 289-96.

The immigration laws of the United States and how they influence the whole world.

* Trenor, J. J. D. Proposals Affecting Immigration. Annals of the American Academy, July 1904, v. 91, p. 223-36.

The proposed tests to regulate immigration.

Ward, R. D. New Immigration Act. North American Review, July 1907, v. 185, p. 587-93.

b. Ellis Island described


Brandenburg, Broughton. Through Ellis Island (in his Imported American.. 1004. p. 215-27).

Grose, H. B. Alien Admission and Restriction (in his Aliens or Americans. 1906. p. 53-84).

Grose, H. B. Letting In and Shutting Out (in his Incoming Million*. 1906. p. 33-55).

Steiner, E. A. Ellis Island (in his On the trail of the immigrant. 1906. p. 64-93).


Abbott, E. H. America's Welcome To The Immigrant. Outlook, Oct. 4, 1902, v. 72, p. 256-64.

A very good description of the different types one sees at Ellis Island.

Brandenburg, Broughton. Underground Immigration. Charities, July 1, 1905, v. 14, p. 896-99.

How the immigrants are smuggled and coached through Ellis Island.

Ellis Island. Spectator. Outlook, March 25, 1905, v. 79. p. 730-32.

The first requirement, a salute to the flag.

From An Immigrant's Logbook. Home Missionary, Jan.-Mar. 1908, v. 81. See index for paging.

Graphic description of steerage conditions. A record of personal experience.

Gleason, A. H. The New Ellis Island. Charities and the Commons, Oct. 5, 1907, v. 19, p. 910-12.

The new buildings and improvements.

Henry, Arthur. Among The Immigrants. Scribner, March 1901, v. 29, p. 301-11.

A picturesque description of the Court of Inquiry at Ellis Island.

Hoyt, Eleanor. Romances Of The New Americans. Everybody's. May 1903, v. 8, p. 387-99.

Poole, Ernest. The Men Who Are To Vote. Everybodys', Oct. 1906, v. 15, p. 435-44.

Rile, J. A. In The Gateway Of Nations. Century, March 1903, v. 65, p. 674-82.

A good description of the many nationalities who enter there.

Sayler, M. B. Keepers Of The Gate. Outlook, Dec. 28, 1907, v. 87, p. 913-23.

The officers. treatment of passengers, and buildings.

Immigration Problem - Causes of Immigration: Hardships in Europe, Attractions in America 1909


Braun, Marcus. Immigration Abuses. New York, Pearson Advertising Co. 1906. 50c.

Report on the investigations of induced immigration made for the United States government. Same material will be found in the report of the United States Commissioner-general of immigration for 1903. p.80-96.

Commons, J. R. Nineteenth Century Additions (in his Race. and immigrants in America. p. 63-106).

Same material will be found in Chautauquan, Jan. 1904, v. 38, p. 433-43.

Grose, H. B. Alien Advance (in his Alien,* or Americans. 1906. p. 17-47).

Grose, H. B. Invading Army (in his Incoming millions. 1906. p. 21-32).

Holt, Hamilton. Life Stories of Undistinguished Americans. New York, Pott, 1906. $1.50.

Biographical testimony. Extremely Interesting.

United States Statistics Bureau. (Commerce and Labor Department) Special Consular Report. v. 30, Emigration to the United States. 1904.


Connolly, J. B. In The Paths Of Immigration. Scribner, Nov. 1902, v. 32, p. 513-27.

Describes a party of Russian peasants going from their homes to Hamburg, the examinations there. the sorrows of those who are turned back, and the Joys of those who are allowed to come.

Duncan, Norman. A People From The East. Harper's Monthly, March 1903, v. 106, p. 553-62.

Little anecdotes told by Syrians In New York City.

Gordon, W. E. Whence They Come. World's Work, April 1903, v. 5, p. 3276-81.

An investigation of that part of Russia from which a large number of Jews comes to the United States.

Hard, William. A Song Of The Tower Of Babel. World To-day, July 190'7, v. 13, p. 720-23.

A little story of South Chicago.

Italian Immigration To The United States. Charities and the Commons, May 7, 1907, v. 12, p. 443-56.

The conditions under which they live at home and here.

Jarlson, Axel. Swedish Emigrant's Story. Independent, Jan. 8, 1903, v. 55, p. 88-93.

The reasons why he came.

Lipman, M. C. Equality. World To-day, Jan. 1908, v. 14, p. 52-53.

A story of a Lithuanian.

Mangano, Antonio. Effect of Emigration Upon Italy. Charities and the Commons, Feb. 1, 1908, v. 19, p. 1475-86.

The hard lives of the peasants and the reason.

Masbrayne, L. E. Promised Land. McClure, Nov. 1902, v. 20, p. 66-74.

The fictional story of a Congressman travelling from London to New York and how his opinions changed.

Ogg, F. A. How Immigration Is Stimulated. World To-day, April 1906, v. 10, p. 418-24.

An article on the influence of the agents of the steamship companies.

Secret Solicitation Of Immigration. Current Literature. Sept. 1903, v. 35, p. 349-50.

Ward, R. D. Immigration Problem. Charities, Feb. 6, 1904, v. 12, p. 138-51.

How the church and racial oppression stimulates Immigration.

Present Distribution and Occupation of Immigrants


Bernheimer. C. S. Russian Jew In The United States. Philadelphia, Winston. 1905. $2.

Studies of social conditions in New York. Philadelphia. and Chicago.

* Claghorn, K. H. Agricultural Distribution Of Immigrants (in United States Industrial Commission. Reports. 1901, v. 15, p. 492-646).

* Commons J. R. Immigration And Its Economic Effects (in United States Industrial Commission. Reports. 1901, v. 15, p. 293-743).

Commons J. R. Nineteenth Century Additions (in his Races and Immigrants in America. 1907. p. 63-159).

Commons J. R. Trade Unionism And Labor Problems. Ginn, 1905. $2.

See chapters on Labor conditions in slaughtering and meat packing. p. 222-49; Sweating system in the clothing trade, p. 316-35; Slays in coal mining. D. 336-46.

De Forest, R. W. Tenement House Problem. Macmillan, 1903. 25c.

The conditions under which immigrants and their descendants are living in the great cities.

Grose, H. B. Problem of Distribution (in his Aliens or Americans. 1906. p. 102-17).

Grose, H. B. Immigrant Distribution (in his Incoming millions. 1906. p. 50-81).

Lord, Eliot, and others. Italians in America. New York, Buck, 1905. $1.50.

Thorough discussion of Italian Immigrants, giving their history. career, and their value as citizens.

Rile, J. A. Battle With The Slum. Macmillan, 1902. $2.

A book of human interest giving a clear statement of slum conditions and efforts to better them.

Rile, J. A. How The Other Half Lives. Scribner, 1890. $1.25.

The conditions under which the foreign population struggles for existence.

Warne, F. J. Slav Invasion And The Mine Workers. Lippincott, 1904. $1.

A study of the coal miners in Pennsylvania.

Woods, R. A. Livelihood (in his Americans in process, 1902. p. 1d4-46).


Balch, E. G. Our Slavic fellow-citizens' present distribution. Charities and the Commons, June 1, 1907, v. 18, p. 259-67.

Reliable estimates with maps and tables.

Benjamin, E. S. The Baron de Hirsch fund. Charities and the Commons, May 26, 1906, v. 16, p. 270-72.

Used in aiding Jewish Immigrants.

Brandenburg, Broughton. Stranger Within The Gates. Harper's Weekly, June 17, Aug. 5, 1905, v. 49, p. 868-70, 1114-16.

The reasons why they live In cities with a map showing the distribution.

Claghorn, K. H. Immigration In Its Relation To Pauperism. Annals of the American Academy, July 1904, v. 24, p. 185-205.

Showing that pauperism usually ends with the first generation.

Dinwiddie, E. W. Some Aspects Of Italian Housing And Social Conditions In Philadelphia. Charities, May 1904, v. 12, p. 490-93.

Immigrant congestion in cities and its effects on moral and physical life.

Fleming. W. L. Immigration To The Southern States. Political Science Quarterly, June 1905, v. 20, p. 276-97.

The need for the immigrant., and the relations between him and the Negro.

Hewes, F. W. Where Our Iimmigrants Settle. World's Work, Oct. 1903, v. 6, p. 4021-24.

Diagrams showing the distribution of foreigners.

Immigration To The South. World's Work, June 1907, v. 14, p. 8959-60.

The pressing demand for more white labor on the farms and in the mills.

Krauskopff, Joseph. Agriculture As Preventive Charity. Charities and the Commons, May 16, 1906, v. 16, p. 277-79.

Urges that the funds used in supporting paupers in the cities be taken to send them into the rural districts.

Kellor, F. A. Immigrant Woman. Atlantic, Sept. 1907, v. 1001 p. 401-7.

Their employment. means of obtaining work, conditions of work, and effect upon industry.

Leucht, I. L. Opportunities In The South For The Immigrant. Charities and the Commons, May 16, 1906, v. 16, p. 275-77.

The distribution throughout the South.

Matson, C. H. Immigration Problem: A New View. Outlook, .tune 25, 1904, v. 77, p. 461-64.

Why they should be sent to the country, and not allowed to congest the cities.

Miller, C. H. Menace Of Crowded Cities. World's Work, May 1908, v. 14, p. 10268-72.

The evils that have grown out of herding immigrants in congested tenements.

Moorhead, F. G. Foreign Invasion Of The Northwest. World's. Work, March 1908, v. 15, p. 9992-97.

The foreign laborer and his problems.

Stella, Antonio. Tuberculosis And The Italians In The United States. Charities, May 7, 1904, v. 12, p. 486-89.

How the indoor work of an outdoor people effects them.

Ward, R. D. Agriculture Distribution Of Immigrants. Popular-Science Monthly, Dec. 1904, v. 66, p. 166-75.

The difficulties in distribution, the relief in the cities and the unencouraging results of the experiment.

Ward, R. D. Immigration And The South. Atlantic, Nov. 1905, v. 96, p. 611-17.

The need of labor In the South should not be a cause for bringing contract labor to this country.

Where The Immigrants Are Wanted. Nation, Jan. 5, 1905, v. 80, P. 6.

The plans to attract them to the South and West.

* Willcox, W. F. Distribution Of Immigrants. Quarterly Journal of Economics, Aug. 1906, v. 20, p. 523-46.

A technical and statistical account of the foreigners living in the cities.

Immigrants in Wisconsin


Curtis, W. A. Light Fantastic In The Central West. Century, Feb. 1907, v. 73, p. 570-19.

Country dances of many nationalities in Wisconsin.

Jensen, W. H. Wisconsin's Deutch-Amerikaner. Nation, March 14, 1901, v. 72, p. 222.

Mashek, Nan. Bohemian Farmers Of Wisconsin. Charities. Dec. 3, 1904, v. 13. p. 211-14.

Their settlement in Kewaunee county.

Rich, A. W. Agriculture Settlement Of The Jews In Wisconsin. Charities and the Commons, May 16. 1906, v. 16, p. 27274.

A description of their settlement at Arpin.

Wisconsin Historical Society Publications:

  • C == Wisconsin Historical Collections.
  • P == Proceedings of the Society for the year indicated

Foreign Immigration To Wisconsin. P. 1901, p. 137-43.


  • Belgians Of Northeast Wisconsin. C. 13, p. 375-396.


  • Our Bohemian Population. P. 1901, p. 159-62.


  • Cornish In Southwest Wisconsin. C. 14, p. 301-334.


  • Icelanders On Washington Island. C. 14, p. 335-40.


  • How Wisconsin Came By Its Large German Element. C. 12, p. 299-334.
  • Geographical Origin Of German Immigration To Wisconsin. C. 14, p. 341-93.
  • How Germans Become Americans. P. 1897, p. 101-22. German-American press. P. 1898, p. 144-49.
  • Influence Of The Germans In Wisconsin. P. 1901, p. 144-47.
  • Political Activity Of Wisconsin Germans, 1854-60. R 1901, p. 190-211.


  • Norwegian Settlements In America. P. 1898, p. 150-67.


  • Polandors In Wisconsin. P. 1901. p. 148-52.
  • Polish People Of Portage County. P. 1907, p. 259-88.


  • Scots In Wisconsin. P. 1901, p. 153-58.


  • The Swiss Colony Of New Glarus. C. 8, p. 411-39.
  • Additional Notes On New Glarus. C. 8, p. 440-45.
  • Planting Of The Swiss Colony At New Glarus. C. 12, p. 33582.
  • Diary Of One Of The Original Colonists Of New Glarus. 1845. C. 15, p. 292-337.
  • History Of A Great Industry (Cheese-Making Among The Wisconsin Swiss). P. 1898, p. 226-30.

American Assimilation of Immigration


Commons, J. R. Amalgamation And Assimilation (in his Races and immigrants in America. 1907. p. 17-21, 198-238).

Grose, H. B. Americanizing The Aliens (in his Incoming millions. 1006. p. 82-105).

Grose, H. B. Immigration And The National Character (in his Aliens or A Americans. 1906. p. 233-62).

Woods, R. A. A Two Edged Sword (in his Americans in process. p. 356-83).


Assimilating The Adult Immigrant. Outlook, Feb. 1, 1908. v. 88, P. 244.

The need of more night schools.

Balch, E. G. Our Slavic Fellow Citizens. Charities and the Commons, Dec. 7, 1907, v. 19, p. 1162-74.

A Question of assimilation.

Bradley, A. A. To What Extent Does Unrestricted Immigration Counteract The Influence Of Our Educational And Charitable Work: Charities, April 5, 1902, v. 8, p. 325-30.

The substitution of one kind of man for another counteracts educational effort.

Buchanan, J. T. How To Assimilate The Foreign Element In Our Population. Forum, Feb. 1902, v. 32, p. 686-94.

By the direction of the adult into useful lines of industry, and education for all.

Kasson, Herbert. French In America. Munsey, June 1966, v. 35, p. 360-73,

Kasson, Herbert. Germans In America. Munsey, March 1906. v. 3-1„ p. 694-707.

Kasson, Herbert. Irish In America. Munsey, April 1906, v. 35, p. 86-104.

Kasson, Herbert. Italians In America. Munsey, Oct. 1906, v. 36, p. 122-26.

Kasson, Herbert. Jew In America. Munsey, Jan. 1906, v. 34, p. 381-95.

Kasson, Herbert. Scandinavians In America. Munsey, Aug. 1906, v. 35, p. 613-18.

Kasson, Herbert. Sons Of Old Scotland In America. Munsey, Feb. 1906, v. 34, p. 599-611.

Each article in the above series tells of the history of emigration from that country, what they have accomplished here, and the prominent men of each nationality.

Claghorn, K. H. Our Immigrants And Ourselves. Atlantic, Oct. 1900, v. 86, p. 535-48.

The fears our forefathers had when the first immigrants came: our change of opinion: the probable disappearance of the present dread of immigration.

Commons, J. R. Americanization By The Labor Unions. World To-day, Oct.. 1903, v. 5, p. 1319-21.

Through the labor union the immigrant learns his primary lesson in democracy, the basis of which is liberty and law.

Falkner, R. R. Aspects Of The Immigration Problem. Political Science Quarterly, March 1941, v. 19, p. 32-49.

Showing what has been done and what can be done.

Monaghan, J. C. Immigration Problems. Catholic World, July 1904, v. 79, p. 512-23.

The German Immigrant and his aid in the upbuilding of the United States.

Northland, L. G. Swedish-American. World To-day, Dec. 1905, v. 9, p. 1293-97.

What he has achieved In the new land.

Speranza, G. C. How It Feels To Be A Problem. Charities, May 7, 1904, v. 12, p. 457-63.

Consideration of certain causes which prevent or retard assimilation.

Rejection and Closer Restriction


Ainsworth, F. H. Burdens Of Recent Immigration (immigration Restriction League bulletin, No. 40).

Hall, P. F. Effect Of The Present Laws And The Need For Further Restriction (in his Immigration. 1906. p. 239:323).

Lee, Joseph. Immigration (in Proceedings of National Conference of Charities and Corrections, Philadelphia. 1906. p. 279-85).

Ought there to be a selection?

Marshall, L. C. Race Effects Of Immigration (in Proceedings of National Conference of Charities and Corrections, Philadelphia, 1906. p. 314-24).

What the effects have been and will be.

Walker, F. A. Immigration And Degradation (in his Discussions in economics and statistics. 1899. v. 2, p. 417-51).


Addams, Jane. Recent Immigration: A Field Neglected By The Scholar. Educational Review, March 1905, v. 29, p. 245-63.

The danger to American traits and character.

Chetwood, John. Argument For Suspension. Arena, March 1902, v. 27, p. 254-58.

Attempts to prove that the European should be excluded as well as the Asiatic.

Darlington, Thomas. Medico-Economic Aspect Of The Immigration Problem. North American Review, Dec. 1906, v. 183, p. 1262-71.

Shows why restriction should be enforced from a medical point of view.

Emigration Viewed From The Other Side. Review of Reviews, April 1900, v. 33, p. 491-92.

Comments on an article in an Italian newspaper on the possibility of increased Immigration.

* Hall, P. F. Selection Of Immigration. Annals of the American Academy, July 1904, v. 24, p. 167-84.

Why should the United States take upon itself the burden which properly belongs to the countries from whence they come?

Hunter, Robert. Immigration The Annihilator Of Our Native Stock. Commons, April, 1904, v. 9, p. 114-17.

Shows that if unrestricted immigration is allowed the American type will degenerate.

Ledge, H. C. A Million Immigrants A Year. 1. Efforts To Restrict Undesirable Immigration. Century, Jan. 1904, v. 67, p. 466-73.

McLaughlin, Allan. Immigration And The Public Health. Popular Science Monthly, Jan. 1904, v. 64, p. 232-38.

Tells of the menace of Immigration to the public health.

McLaughlin, Allan. Social And Political Effects Of Immigration. Popular Science Monthly, Jan. 1905, v. 66, p. 243-55.

The need of better laws.

Ogg, F. A. New Plan For Immigrant Inspection. Outlook, May 5, 1906, v. 83, p. 33-36.

Rasa, E. A. Causes Of Race Superiority. Annals of the American Academy, July 1901, v. 21, p. 07-89.

Sargent, F. P. Need Of Closer Inspection And Greater Restriction Of Immigrants. Century, Jan. 1904, v. 67, p. 470-73.

Holds that sentiment should not govern us in dealing with the subject of immigration.

Speranza, G. C. Immigration Problem An International One. Charities, Sept. 2, 1905. v. 14, p. 1063-66.

A study of the possibilities and methods for international co-operation in meeting it.

Ward, R.C. How Shall We Select Our Immigrants? Charities, July 8, 1905. v. 14, p. 907-12.

Amendment of the laws and further additions to the excluded class.

Ward, R.C. Immigration Problem. Charities, Feb. 6, 1904, v. 12, p. 138-51.

The undesirable class now coming and the difficulty in Americanizing them: how they lower the standard of living.

Wells, H. G. The Immigrant. Harper's Weekly, Aug. 25, 1906, v. 50, p. 1202-05

The opinions of an Englishman on the unadvisability of accepting so many.

Whelpley, J. D. Control Emigration Rather Than Immigration. Independent, Feb. 1, 1906, v. 60, p. 261-64.

Whelpley, J. D. Emigration; An International Affair. Fortnightly Review, Feb. 1, 1905, v. 83, p. 317-26. Same material will be found in World's Work, Sept. 1904, v. 8, p. 5254-59, and North American Review. June 1905, v. 180, p. 856-67.

Holds that effective control can be secured only by international efforts.

Education and Americanization


Commons, John R. Americanization (in his Races and immigrants in America, 1907. p. 208-38).

Chapters: Race and Democracy; Colonial Race Elements; The Negro; Nineteenth Century Additions; Industry; Labor; City Life, Crime, and Poverty; Politics; Amalgamation and Assimilation.

See The Papers of John R. Commons at


Brudno, E. S. Russian Jew Americanized. World's Work, March 1904, v. 7, p. 4555-67.

Their life. ambitions, energy, and desire for education.

Huebner, G. G. Americanization Of The Immigrant. Annals of the American Academy, May 1906, v. 27, p. 653-75.

The influence of the public schools, trades unions, church, and newspapers, upon the problem.

Lee, Joseph. Assimilation And Nationality. Charities, Jan. 25, 1908, v. 19, p. 1153-58.

"Holds that if the native American does not remain in control in America he will become extinct."

* Norton, Eliot. Diffusion Of Immigration. Annals of the American Academy, July 1904, v. 24, p. 159-65.

Holds that it is gradually ceasing, that Immigrants are forming colonies in cities, and keeping their own manners and customs.

* Simons, S. E. Social Assimilation. American Journal of Sociology, Nov. 1901, v. 7, p. 386-404.

The idea of universal brotherhood.

Spectoesky, Isaac. Newcomer And The Night School. Charities and the Commons, Fob. 16, 1907, v. 17, p. 891-92.

The efforts made by the immigrant to become educated.

Steiner, E. A. The German, Italian, And Slovak Immigrant In America. Outlook, Jan. 3, Jan. 31, and March 7, 1903, v. 73, p. 20-37, 260-64, 555-57.

What they have done, and are doing, as good citizens.

Steiner, E. A. Hungarian Immigrant. Outlook, Aug. 29, 1903, v. 74, p. 1040-44.

Their dislike for the Slav, their religions nature. and their great need of an education.

Grose, H. B. Home Mission Opportunity (in his Aliens or Americans. 1906. p. 269-99).

Grose, H. B. Woman's Work (in his Incoming millions. 1906. p. 82-172).

McLanahan, Samuel. Our People Of Foreign Speech. Revell, 1904. 50c.

"A handbook distinguishing and describing those in the United States whose native tongue is other than English, with particular reference to religious work among them" Explanatory title.


Brooks, J. G. Human Side Of Immigration. Century, Feb. 1907, v. 73, p. 633-38.

The reaction on the other countries.

Dwight, H. O. Thy Neighbor, The Immigrant. Missionary Review, Dec. 1904, v. 17, p. 881-94.

Their need of our help.

Means, F. H. The Recent Aspects Of Immigration. Christian Work For Foreigners. Home Missionary, Oct. 1907, v. 81, p. 161-86.

Discusses the efforts now being made to Christianize foreign peoples.

Meyer, Louis. American Jew. Missionary Review, Dec. 1907, v. 20, p. 891-900.

His need of being taught the Christian faith.

Reynolds, M. J. Is America Making Criminals? Missionary Review, March 1908, v. 21, p. 213-16.

The need of greater work among adult immigrants, teaching them the language, habits, etc.

Reynolds, M. J. Why despise the immigrant? Home Missionary, Dec. 1905, v. 79, p. 223-30.

Plea for an appreciation of the value of the immigrant.

Testa, S. L. Strangers From Rome In Greater New York. Missionary Review, March 1908, v. 21, p. 216-18.

The different missions among them.

Thompson, C. L. A million A Year. Missionary Review, Dec. 1907, v. 20, p. 931-34.

The need of missionaries in the settlements.

Studies in American Social Conditions - Immigration. Edited by Richard Henry Edwards Madison, Wisconsin, January, 1909

Mary Katherine Ray, The Immigration Problem: A Bibliography, Wisconsin Free Library Commission, American Social Questions, No. 2., Madison, Wisconsin, January 1909.

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