Passage Contract - Sydney to London (Tilbury) or Southampton - 7 February 1948
Orient Line First Class Passage Ticket for Passage on the SS Orion, Departing from Sydney for Tilbury Dated 7 February 1948. GGA Image ID # 12d074b8b7
Summary of Passage Contract
- Date of Purchase / Voyage: 7 February 1948
- Steamship Line: Orient Line
- Steamship: SS Orion
- Route: Sydney to London (Tilbury) or Southampton
- Ticket Type: Passage Contract
- Voyage Class: First Class
- Name on Contract: Miss M. B. Bartlett
- Etnicity of Passenger(s): Australian
- Contract Terms: Transcribed
- Cost of Ticket: £115 0s 0d / £4,275.00 GBP in 2020
Passage Contract Details
First Class Ticket for Passage from Sydney to London (Tilbury) or Southampton (Note 1) on the SS Orion of the Orient Line, voyage to being on or about the 7th of February 1948 for one adult who paid £115 for passage.
Note 1: Port of Destination at Master's (Captain's) Option.
PASSAGE TICKET FIRST CLASS
The persons named hereon have secured a First Class passage (subject to the conditions on the covers hereof) from the port of Sydney to the port of Southampton by the above-named Steamship, and have paid of the full passage money £115 Stg. On behalf of the Propietors and the Managers of the Orient Line per L. J. Morshead, General Manager in Australia.
Sydney, 27 January 1948.
PASSAGE MONEY Sterling £115 Australian Equivalent @ 125% £A 28:15
The Orient Line Steamship "ORION" of 24,000 tons register.
Name of Passenger(s): Miss M. B. Bartlett, Berth No. 449.
New South Wales Stamp Duty 1'- Affixed.
Front Cover, Orient Line First Class Passage Ticket for Passage on the SS Orion, Departing from Sydney for Tilbury Dated 7 February 1948. GGA Image ID # 12d0219a48
ORIENT LINE of Royal Mail Steamships between Australia and England.
Proprietors: Orient Steam Navigation Company, Limited, Incorporated in England. Managers: Anderson, Green & Co., Ltd., 7, Bishopsgate, London, E.C.2.
Chief Passenger Office: 14, Cockspur Street, S.W.1
Branch Passenger Office: No. 1, Australia House, Strand, W.C.2
FIRST CLASS PASSENGERS’ TICKET
Your attention is specially directed to the conditions of transportation on the covers containing this ticket.
All Baggage at Passengers’ entire risk unless insured. (See cover.)
Insurance effected on moderate terms at Orient Line Offices.
All passengers must be in possession of valid passports duly endorsed by the appropriate authority, and in the event of the passenger wishing to land in any country not forming part of the British Empire, bearing (if required) the visa of the Consular representative of such country. Passengers will be required to produce their passports for inspection as a condition of being allowed to embark.
The Ship, in addition to any liberties expressed or implied herein, shall have liberty to comply with any orders or directions as to loading, departure, routes, ports of call, stoppages, transshipment, discharge, arrival or destinations, or otherwise howsoever given by His Majesty’s Government or any Department thereof or by any other Government or any Department thereof, or by any person acting or purporting to act with the authority of such Government or any Department thereof or by any Committee or person, having under the terms of the War Risk's Insurance on the Ship, the right to give such orders or directions and anything done or not done by reason of, or in compliance with, any such orders or directions shall be deemed to be within the contract voyage.
Terms and Conditions 1, Orient Line First Class Passage Ticket for Passage on the SS Orion, Departing from Sydney for Tilbury Dated 7 February 1948. GGA Image ID #
Terms and Conditions 2, Orient Line First Class Passage Ticket for Passage on the SS Orion, Departing from Sydney for Tilbury Dated 7 February 1948. GGA Image ID # 12d05ea78b
Terms and Conditions 3, Orient Line First Class Passage Ticket for Passage on the SS Orion, Departing from Sydney for Tilbury Dated 7 February 1948. GGA Image ID # 12d098bdd8
Terms and Conditions 4, Orient Line First Class Passage Ticket for Passage on the SS Orion, Departing from Sydney for Tilbury Dated 7 February 1948. GGA Image ID # 12d11a24fd
Terms and Conditions 5, Orient Line First Class Passage Ticket for Passage on the SS Orion, Departing from Sydney for Tilbury Dated 7 February 1948. GGA Image ID # 12d158d313
Conditions under which this Ticket is issued by or for the Owners of the said Steamship, and accepted by or for the Passenger.
- NO Passenger shall embark before his full Passage Money is paid. If any passenger after engaging his passage fails to embark on the Ship, he shall forfeit half the Passage Money if it has been paid and shall be liable for half the Passage Money if it has not been paid.
- ANY Passenger who may appear to the Company or the Master or the Ship's Agents to be by reason of sickness or mental or physical infirmity unfit to embark or proceed, or to be for that or any other reason likely to impair the health safety or reasonable comfort of other persons on board, or to involve the Company or the Master in any liability for his maintenance or support, or in any expense or inconvenience under or by virtue of any law or regulation or otherwise may be refused permission to embark or may be landed at any port or may be transferred from one berth or cabin to another and the Company shall not be liable for any loss or expense incurred by the Passenger as a result thereof. Nevertheless on the surrender and cancellation of this Ticket there shall be repaid to any Passenger so refused permission to embark one-half of the Passage Money paid by him and to any Passenger so landed one-half of the difference between the Passage Money paid by him and the fare from the port of embarkation to the port of landing. Any Passenger who embarks or allows any other Passenger for whom he is responsible to embark when he or such other Passenger is suffering from any sickness or mental or physical infirmity, or has been exposed to any infectious or contagious disease shall be responsible for any additional passage money if he and/or such other passenger is returned on any Orient Line ship and for any loss or expense incurred by the Company or the Master directly or indirectly in consequence of such sickness, infirmity or exposure, unless the same has before embarkation been declared in writing to the Company or the Master and the consent in writing of the Company or the Master to such embarkation has been obtained.
- PASSENGERS desirous of breaking their journey must notify the Purser of their intention to do so prior to the Ship's departure from the previous port of call. They must obtain the Purser's endorsement on this Ticket and must also subscribe their signatures, witnessed by the Purser.
- NO berth or cabin is to be occupied by a Passenger other than that allotted to him and any vacant berth or berths may be filled up unless the extra price shall have been paid to secure that the berth or berths shall remain unoccupied.
- CHILDREN paying less than full fare and servants are not entitled to seats at the Saloon Table.
- THE fares include victualling, but not wines, spirits, beer, mineral waters or other liquors. Passengers are not permitted to take on board any such liquors for use during the voyage. These can be purchased on board at fixed prices and must be paid for in cash before the Passenger leaves the Ship.
- THE Surgeon of the Ship is authorized to charge for professional attendance at the rate authorized by the Company. This fee is to include medicines. Accounts for medical attendance will be rendered by the Surgeon before the end of the voyage and must be paid for in cash before the Passenger leaves the Ship.
- EACH adult Passenger holding his ticket will be allowed forty cubic feet of baggage, free of charge. Children paying half fare and servants half this amount, children paying quarter fare quarter this amount. A charge will be payable on all baggage carried in excess of these amounts. Only the personal effects of Passengers will be carried as baggage. Merchandise, specie, bullion and packages containing jewelry, plate, works of art or other valuables will not be considered personal effects and will not be carried as baggage. All such articles and all other goods not being personal effects must be specially declared prior to shipment, and unless a written declaration as to the true nature thereof, and in the case of valuables as to the value thereof has been signed by the Passenger and freight has been paid thereon and an appropriate Bill of Lading has been issued by the Company, the Company will not under any circumstances accept any liability whatsoever in respect thereof. Passengers infringing these regulations will be held responsible for the payment of any charges upon the Ship that may be incurred in consequence.
- THE Company shall have a lien upon and a right to sell by auction or otherwise in their discretion Passengers' baggage or other property carried by the Company in satisfaction oi Passage Money, or other charges (whether payable in advance or not) or monies becoming in any way due by the Passenger to the Company or to any of the Company's servants or agents whether under the provisions of this Ticket or under any Bill of Lading or otherwise, such right of sale to be exercisable without notice to the Passenger on the Passenger's leaving the Ship or failing to embark.
- EVERY effort will be made to adhere punctually to the advertised sailing dates from the terminal ports in England and Australia but the right of altering these as may be deemed advisable is reserved. The dates specified in the time tables for departure from and arrival at the terminal ports and for arrival or departure at intermediate ports, are only approximate.
- THE Ship may leave or enter any port with or without pilots, tow and be towed and assist vessels in all situations, proceed by any route, enter or put back into any port, proceed beyond the port of destination, delay sailing; from port of embarkation or any other port and deviate for any purpose, to any extent and at any time, and may omit to call or to land or to embark Passengers or Passengers’ baggage or other property at any port and may vary or omit any part of the advertised programme of the contract voyage notwithstanding that such delay, deviation, omission or variation may be rendered necessary or desirable in connection with a forthcoming voyage or otherwise for the purposes of the Company.
- IF for any reason whatsoever the Ship omits to land Passengers at the port to which they are booked and carries them to a port beyond they may be charged additional Passage Money for the conveyance to the port at which they are landed and will proceed to their final destination at their own expense. If for any reason whatsoever the Ship is detained at any port. Passengers detained on board will be charged £2 (stg.) per day for their maintenance; Passengers detained on shore will pay their own expenses.
- AT any time either before or after the commencement of the contract voyage the Company may substitute for the Ship named on the face of this Ticket any other Orient Line Ship. Further at any time either before or after the commencement of the contract voyage, and whether or not the Ship may have deviated or have proceeded beyond the port of destination, the Company may by notice in writing to the Passenger or by advertisement published in the press or on board the Ship determine forthwith the contract of carriage contained in the Ticket.
- SUBJECT to the provisions of clauses 15 and 16 hereof the Company shall not be liable for any loss of life or for any other loss, injury, delay, inconvenience or expense whatsoever suffered by any Passenger, or for any loss of or damage or delay to Passenger’s baggage or other property, whether such loss, injury, delay, inconvenience, expense or damage arise from the act, default, neglect or error of judgment of the Master, Officers, Crew, Managers, Ship’s Husband, Superintendent, or other servant or agent of the Company or any other person whatsoever, or from or after unseaworthiness or unfitness of the Ship or any launch, tender or other craft or gangway, landing stage or land conveyance, or of any article supplied for the use or consumption of the Passenger or from or after any detention, delay, deviation, over-carriage or omission to call or land or embark Passengers or Passenger’s baggage or oilier property at any port, or from or after any variation or omission of any part of the advertised programme of the contract voyage or otherwise howsoever, or from any breach of warranty of whatsoever nature or kind, and whether such act, default, neglect, error of judgment, unseaworthiness, unfitness, detention, delay, deviation, over-carnage, omission, variation, breach of warranty or other event occurs before or in the course of the contract voyage or before or in the course of embarkation at the beginning of the contract voyage or in the course of disembarkation at the end of the contract voyage or while the passenger is proceeding from the ship to the shore or vice versa at any intermediate port or is ashore at such port or during any trip, picnic or other excursion on land or sea (whether or not any extra charge may be made in respect thereof) which may take place during or in connection with the contract voyage or at any other time whatsoever during, prior to or subsequent to the contract voyage when the Company would apart from this clause be under a contractual or other obligation to the Passenger.
- PASSENGERS may hand to the Purser for safe custody money, watches, jewelry or other valuables, declaring the value and paying a percentage thereon. For articles so deposited with him, the Purser will give a receipt on a printed form containing the conditions subject to which the Company will accept responsibility for the safety of the deposited articles. The Purser will also accept such articles in sealed packages without charge, and will give a printed receipt specifying the terms on which the articles are received : but, in this case, neither he nor the Company will take any responsibility for loss of or damage to the deposited articles, howsoever occurring.
- NOTHING in Clause 14 hereof shall affect any rights of recovery (in respect of loss of or damage to baggage or other property) to which any Passenger might otherwise have been entitled under the provisions of the York-Antwerp Rules, 1924, which Rules are hereby incorporated in this Ticket.
- THE Company does not accept any liability whatsoever in respect of the Passenger or his baggage while being carried on or in any conveyance other than an Orient Line Ship even though the contract of carriage contained in this Ticket include a transit by such conveyance.
- The Regulations and Pules adopted on board the. Ship or issued from time to time by the Master, being devised with a view to securing the good order, comfort and safety of all on board, are obligatory on all Passengers.
- THIS Ticket is not transferable.
- IN this Ticket "Orient Line Ship" means "any ship owned, managed, operated or chartered by the Company"; "the Ship" means "the ship named on the face of this Ticket, or any ship which is substituted therefor under the provisions of Clause 13 hereof," and "the Company" means "Orient Steam Navigation Company, Limited and Anderson, Green & Company Limited or either of them." Any action, suit or proceeding against the Company or the Ship, shall, unless the Company otherwise agrees, be brought in London.
- THIS Ticket is to be interpreted according to English Law.
- The Ship, in addition to any liberties expressed or implied herein, shall have liberty to comply with any orders or directions as to loading, departure, routes, ports of call, stoppages, trans-shipment, discharge, arrival or destinations, or otherwise howsoever given by His Majesty's Government or any Department thereof, or by any other Government or any Department thereof, or by any person acting or purporting to act with the authority of such Government or any Department thereof or by any Committee or person, having under the terms of the War Risks' Insurance on the Ship, the right to give such orders or directions and anything done or not done by reason of, or in compliance with, any such orders or directions shall be deemed to be within the contract voyage.
- If the Ship is not owned by or chartered by demise to the Company or Line by whom this ticket is issued (as may be the case notwithstanding anything that appears to the contrary) this ticket shall take effect only as a contract with the owner or demise charterer as the case may be as principal made through the agency of the said Company or Line who act as agents only and shall be under no personal liability whatsoever in respect thereof.
- IN any case where a passenger either joins the Ship at an intermediate port but arranges for his baggage to be carried in the Ship from an earlier port, or leaves the Ship at an intermediate port but arranges for his baggage to be carried in the Ship for delivery at a later port, then it is hereby agreed that the conditions of this ticket relative to the carriage of baggage and the Company's liability therefor shall apply during the stage of the voyage when he is not on board as fully as if he were making the whole passage.
NOTICE.—Any passenger who may take, or cause to be taken on board, Gunpowder either in cartridges or otherwise, Lucifer Matches, or any article of explosive, inflammable, dangerous or damaging nature, is liable to prosecution and to the penalties imposed by Statute and also for all damages resulting from the shipment of such articles.
The Ship, in addition to any liberties expressed or implied herein, shall have liberty to comply with any orders or directions as to loading, departure, routes, ports of call, stoppages, transshipment, discharge, arrival or destinations, or otherwise howsoever given by His Majesty's Government or any Department thereof, or by any other Government or any Department thereof, or by any person acting or purporting to act with the authority of such Government or any Department thereof or by any Committee or person, having under the terms of the War Risks' Insurance on the Ship, the right to give such orders or directions and anything done or not done by reason of, or in compliance with, any such orders or directions shall be deemed to be within the contract voyage.
Relative Cost of Passage Ticket in Today's Currency Value
In 2020, the relative value of £115 0s 0d from 1948 ranges from £3,962.00 to £21,260.00.
A simple Purchasing Power Calculator would say the relative value is £4,275.00. This answer is obtained by multiplying £115.00 by the percentage increase in the RPI from 1948 to 2020.
This may not be the best answer.
The best measure of the relative value over time depends on if you are interested in comparing the cost or value of a Commodity, Income or Wealth, or a Project . For more discussion on how to pick the best measure, consult the Tutorials.
If you want to compare the value of a £115 0s 0d Commodity in 1948 there are four choices. In 2020 the relative:
- real price of that commodity is £4,275.00
- labour value of that commodity is £10,920.00
- income value of that commodity is £15,860.00
- economic share of that commodity is £21,260.00
If you want to compare the value of a £115 0s 0d Income or Wealth, in 1948 there are four choices. In 2020 the relative:
- real wage or real wealth value of that income or wealth is £4,275.00
- labour earnings of that income or wealth is £10,920.00
- relative income value of that income or wealth is £15,860.00
- relative output value of that income or wealth is £21,260.00
If you want to compare the value of a £115 0s 0d Project in 1948 there are three choices. In 2020 the relative:
- real cost of that project is £3,962.00
- labour cost of that project is £10,920.00
- economic cost of that project is £21,260.00
Source: "Five Ways to Compute the Relative Value of a UK Pound Amount, 1270 to Present," MeasuringWorth, 2022. URL: www.measuringworth.com/ukcompare/