Passage Contract - Trondhjem to Boston via Hull and Liverpool - 5 June 1913
Immigrant Steerage Contract for Passage to New York - Cunard Line - 1913.
Summary of Passage Contract
- Date of Purchase / Voyage: 5 June 1913
- Steamship Line: Cunard Line
- Steamship: RMS Laconia
- Route: Trondhjem to Boston via Hull and Liverpool
- Ticket Type: Passage Contract
- Voyage Class: Third class or Steerage
- Name on Contract: Ludvig Kristian Gjønvik
- Etnicity of Passenger(s): Norwegian
- Contract Terms: Translated from Norwegian
- Cost of Ticket: 244.00 NOK / $1,690.00 USD in 2020
Passage Contract Details
Ludvig Gjønvik was a Norwegian Immigrant to the United States in June 1913 arriving in Boston on board the RMS Laconia (I) as a passenger in Steerage - Third Class. This is the contract of passage that Ludvig purchased from Olaf H. Solem, the Agent for the Cunard Line in Trondheim, Norway.
THE CUNARD LINE
And the passenger listed below regarding transportation to
Rock Island, Ill.
Norwegian Immigrant, Ludvig Kristian Gjønvik from Trondheim Norway. Photo circa 1910 (~21 Years Old)
I, OLAF H. SOLEM, agent in Trondhjem, hereby commit myself to transport the said person, by 3rd class or Steerage, from Trondhjem to the destination which is likewise specified herein, for the sum of 244.00 crowns, which I acknowledge I have received as full payment.
/s/ Olaf H. Solem
Trondhjem, 5 June 1913
Specifications - The passengers are to be transported below deck by a steamship that is sailing on 5 June 1913 from Trondhjem to Hull, from there by 3rd class railroad car to Liverpool, with the first ordinary train after customs inspection. From there they will be transported by Cunard Steam Ship Company Limited, Liverpool, owners of the Cunard steamships, on one of their steam-ships to New York or Boston. For the duration of the whole journey to New York or Boston and during the time they are delayed in any place whatsoever regardless of the cause, the passengers will be provided with suitable lodging and will receive good and properly cooked food, served thus:
- Breakfast and evening meal. Tea or coffee, sugar, fresh bread and butter, etc.
- Midday Meal. Alternately soup, meat, pork, fish, potatoes, bread, as well as pudding on Sundays.
Each person over 12 years old can take along free of charge 10 cubic feet of baggage on the steamship and 150 pounds on the train in America, half of that for children from 1 to 12 years. The emigrants will be met and transported further by the Company' s own employees in Hull, Liverpool, New York and Boston.
Should an emigrant's departure be prevented by illness, he will be allowed to leave with a steamship departing later, and should the police prevent his departure, his money will be returned or handed over to the police.
Without responsibility for the baggage that the passengers have in their own custody on the trip.
Presented Trondhjem Police Station, 5 June 1913. (Note 1)
For the Police Commissioner.
The Olaf H. Solem Cunard Line Steamship Company Agency in Trondheim, Norway circa 1910. Olaf H. Solem is pictured above on the left. Photo courtesy of Børge Solem. GGA Image ID # 14c7bcc2e7
Børge Solem and I first corresponded in 2000, when I purchased some items for the Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives from him. It turned out that he was the great-grandson of Olaf H. Solem who had sold the ticket to my grandfather in 1913. This would have been the office of the Cunard Steamship Line Trondhjem agency, The Cunard Steam Ship Co., Ltd. (Olaf H. Solem) located on Søndre Gate 26, Trondhjem, Norge.
Note 1: Norwegian Emigrants were required to register with the Police. See the Norwegian Emigration Law of 1867
List or Manifest of Alien Passengers for the United States Immigration Officer at Port of Arrival
Steerage Passenger Manifest, RMS Laconia of the Cunard Line, From Liverpool to Boston Arriving 19 June 1913. List 184 Left. Ludvig Gjønvik Appears on Line 8. GGA Image ID # 1a1d7d7b42
Steerage Passenger Manifest, RMS Laconia of the Cunard Line, From Liverpool to Boston Arriving 19 June 1913. List 184 Right. Ludvig Gjønvik Appears on Line 8. GGA Image ID # 1a1dfcee60
Relative Cost of Passage Ticket in Today's Currency Value
The first section converts NOK of 1913 to NOK in 2021 and converting the 1921 NOK to USD. A second option was to locate the actual exchage rate in 1913. 1914 was the closest found. The rate did not change materially betwen 1913 and 1914. The second section takes the 1914 equivalent in USD and determines the current value as of 2021.
244.00 NOK in 1913 is equal to 14,909.68 NOK in 2021 based on a 6,010.5% increase in the Consumer Price Index.
14,909.68 NOK in 2021 is equal to 1,727.778 USD using the average for 2021 of 0.115883 NOK to $1 exchange rate.
September 1914 NOK Exchange Rate averaged 3.860 NOK to $1.00 USD. There was little movement in the CPI for Norway between 1913 and 1914 per https://www.ssb.no/en/priser-og-prisindekser/konsumpriser/statistikk/konsumprisindeksen.
244 / 3.860 = $63.21 USD in 1914
In 2020, the relative values of $63.21 from 1914 ranges from $1,230.00 to $35,900.00.
A simple Purchasing Power Calculator would say the relative value is $1,690.00. This answer is obtained by multiplying $63.21 by the percentage increase in the CPI from 1914 to 2020.
This may not be the best answer.
The best measure of the relative value over time depends on if you are interested in comparing the cost or value of a Commodity, Income or Wealth, or a Project.
If you want to compare the value of a $63.21 Commodity in 1914 there are four choices. In 2020 the relative:
- real price of that commodity is $1,690.00
- real value in consumption of that commodity is $3,460.00
- labor value of that commodity is $8,250.00 (using the unskilled wage) or $10,300.00 (using production worker compensation)
- income value of that commodity is $10,800.00
- economic share of that commodity is $35,900.00
If you want to compare the value of a $63.21 Income or Wealth, in 1914 there are five choices. In 2020 the relative:
- real wage or real wealth value of that income or wealth is $1,690.00
- household purchasing power value of that income or wealth is $3,460.00
- relative labor earnings of that commodity are $8,250.00 (using the unskilled wage) or $10,300.00 (using production worker compensation)
- relative income value of that income or wealth is $10,800.00
- relative output value of that income or wealth is $35,900.00
If you want to compare the value of a $63.21 Project in 1914 there are four choices. In 2020 the relative:
- real cost of that project is $1,230.00
- household cost of that project is $3,460.00
- labor cost of that project is $8,250.00 (using the unskilled wage) or $10,300.00 (using production worker compensation)
- relative cost of that project is $10,800.00
- economy cost of that project is $35,900.00